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The '''Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA)'''( a subsidiary of ICANN) is the entity that manages the allocation of global [[IP Address]]es, [[Root Zone|root zone]] management related to [[DNS]] (Domain Name System) and other Internet Protocols ([[IP]]).  
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The '''Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA)''' is a department of ICANN that is responsible for maintaining the registries of the Internet's unique identifiers, which include [[domain name|domain names]], Protocol Parameters, and Internet numbers ([[IP Address|IP Addresses]] and [[Autonomous System Numbers]]).
    
IANA distributes blocks of [[IP]] addresses to the five (5) Regional Internet Registries ([[RIR]]s).  
 
IANA distributes blocks of [[IP]] addresses to the five (5) Regional Internet Registries ([[RIR]]s).  
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* '''[[ICANN]]''', based on the Memorandum of Understanding ([[MoU]]), is the institution which runs IANA.  
 
* '''[[ICANN]]''', based on the Memorandum of Understanding ([[MoU]]), is the institution which runs IANA.  
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==IANA objectives==
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==IANA Functions==
 
* Besides managing the [[DNS]] root zone, IANA also manages the .int registry, and the [[.arpa]] zone;
 
* Besides managing the [[DNS]] root zone, IANA also manages the .int registry, and the [[.arpa]] zone;
 
* Regarding number resources, IANA is entitled to coordinate the global IP respectively AS number space, allocating these to [[RIR]]s (Regional Internet Registries);
 
* Regarding number resources, IANA is entitled to coordinate the global IP respectively AS number space, allocating these to [[RIR]]s (Regional Internet Registries);
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==IANA Contract==
 
==IANA Contract==
Originally, the IANA functions were managed by the Information Sciences Institute (ISI) at the University of Southern California ([[USC]]) through the leadership of Dr. [[Jon Postel]] under a contract with the [[DARPA|Defense Advance Research Project Agency]] (DARPA).<ref>
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Originally, the IANA functions were managed by the [[University of Southern California – Information Sciences Institute]] through the leadership of Dr. [[Jon Postel]] under a contract with the [[DARPA|Defense Advance Research Project Agency]] (DARPA).<ref>
 
[http://www.ntia.doc.gov/federal-register-notice/1998/improvement-technical-management-internet-names-and-addresses-proposed- Improvement of Technical Management of Internet Names and Addresses; Proposed Rule]</ref>
 
[http://www.ntia.doc.gov/federal-register-notice/1998/improvement-technical-management-internet-names-and-addresses-proposed- Improvement of Technical Management of Internet Names and Addresses; Proposed Rule]</ref>
  
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