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DNSO

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'''DNSO''' is the abbreviation for the '''Domain Name Supporting Organization''', one of the three [[ICANN]] supporting organizations of the Internet Corporation called for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) called under the ICANN by-laws. It has now been succeeded by the Generic Names Supporting Organization ([[GNSO]]).<ref>[http://www.apricot.net/apricot99/dnso/cfp-singapore.html apricot.net]</ref> The DNSO advised the ICANN Board about handling issues related to the Domain Name System ([[DNS]]). The DNSO Its primary agenda was primarily established with an agenda about to discuss how and when to expand the Internet by adding new top-level domain names other than the [[TLD]]s beyond [[.com]]. <ref name="link2">[http://www.media-visions.com/icann-dnso.htm#Responsibilities media-visions.com]</ref>
== Structure ==
The DNSO had was comprised of two bodies known as : the Names Council (NC), which mostly comprised was made up of the elected representatives from the DNSO Constituencies , and the other being the General Assembly (GA) comprising , made up of the all interested entities and individuals. <ref name="link2">[http://www.media-visions.com/icann-dnso.htm#Responsibilities media-visions.com]</ref>
== DNSO Constituencies ==
The initial constituencies of the DNSO were as follows:
* [[ccTLD ]] [[Registries ]] * [[gTLD ]] Registries
* Commercial and Business entities
* Non-Commercial Domain Name Holders
* Internet Service Providers (ISPs[[ISP]]s) and Connectivity Providers
* Trademark
* [[Registrars ]] <ref name="link2">[http://www.media-visions.com/icann-dnso.htm#Responsibilities media-visions.com]</ref>
== DNSO Process ==
# The DNSO carries out the function of serving as serves in an advisory role to the [[ICANN Board]] and to provide provides the Board with substantive policies related to the Domain Name System[[DNS]]. # The recommendations provided to the ICANN Board by the DNS DNSO first need needed to build a consensus before submitting it being submitted to the ICANN Board. # All the recommendations made by the DNSO to the Board are transferred made open to all the Supporting Organizations ([[SO]]s) so that they can comment to the Board under the purview of their responsibilities.
The ICANN Board accepts the recommendations of the DNSO only if it thinks that:
* The policy is in the interest of the Corporation and helps to further the purposes of the Corporation
* The policy is in consistent with the Articles and Bylaws of the Corporation
* The policy was framed through an open and fair process
* The policy is not opposed by other Supporting Organizations
* The Board would not adopt any recommendation of by the DNSO unless the votes are sufficient for adoption and , excluding those of the DNSO-selected Directors, are in favor of adoption by the Board excluding the votes of the DNSO-selected Directors.* If the Board is not satisfied with a recommendation then it can return it to the DNSO for further consideration. It will cite , citing the reasons for its declination of the recommendation. If the DNSO still doesn’t recommend an fails to make the policy acceptable policy , then the ICANN Board may initiate, modify or amend and then approve the recommendation. <ref name="link2">[http://www.media-visions.com/icann-dnso.htm#Responsibilities media-visions.com]</ref>
== Current situation of the DNSO ==
The Starting in 2003, the responsibilities of the DNSO have now been were undertaken by the Generic Names Supporting Organization (GNSO) of ICANN. <ref>[http://www.dnso.org/ dnso.org]</ref> The DNSO has now been succeeded by the GNSO that relates to the generic top-level domain names. The ICANN by-laws have specified three supporting organizations to which the GNSO would belong. The main role of the Supporting Organizations (SOs) would be to encourage diverse and international participation in the arena of technical management of the Internet and to promote the development of Internet policy. <ref>[http://gnso.icann.org/ gnso.icann.org]</ref>
== References ==
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