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[[Image:UnderConstruction.png]]{{CompanyInfoTLD|| logo = Org.JPG‎| type status = Active| industry manager = TLD[[PIR]]| founded country = 1985International| founders stringcontention =| ownership registryprovider = [[Afilias]]| headquarters registrations = 775 Wiehle Avenue, Suite 200<br>Reston, VA 2019010.1 million (2012)| country date = USA1985| businesses type = [[gTLD]]| products community = | employees = keypeople | revenue =[[Jon Postel]], Original creator<br/>| website = [http:[Joyce Reynolds]], Original creator<br/>[[Alexa Raad]], Original CEO of PIR<br/www.pir.org>[[Maarten Botterman]], PIR Board Chairman<br/home www.pir>[[Brian Cute]], Current CEO of PIR}} '''.org''' is one of the first [[GTLD|generic top-level domains]] (gTLD) to be included in the Internet [[DNS|Domain Name System]] (DNS). It is managed by [[PIR| blog =Public Interest Registry]] (PIR), a non-profit organization founded by the [[ISOC| facebook = Internet Society]] (ISOC) in 2002.<ref>[http://www.facebookpir.comorg/pirabout www.org pir.org]| linkedin = | twitter = ORGBuzz| keypeople = [[Brian Cute]], Chief Executive Officer</ref>
}}==Registration Statistics==A Bi-Annual report on the growth of [[.org]] showed that as of early 2013 there were 10.1 million [[.org]] registrations. The number of domains under management (DUM) grew by 4.3% in 2012, while the registrations in the second-half of the year increased by 11.9%; .ORG DUM have more than doubled during the past seven years, increasing from 3.9 million in 2005 to more than 10.1 million in 2012. Regsitrations experienced marked international growth from 2010 - 2012, Asia and the Australian Pacific grew by 47%, Africa by 23%, and Latin America by 25%.<ref>[http://www.circleid.com/posts/20130228_101_million_org_domains_and_counting/ 101 Million Org Domains and Counting, CircleID.com] Retreived & Published 28 Feb 2013</ref> Registration of .org had consistently grown by 9% to 10% annually for the prior three years.<ref>[http://www.marketwatch.com/story/org-the-public-interest-registry-releases-results-of-bi-annual-domain-name-report-the-dashboard-2012-02-15 ORG Public Interest Registry Releases Results of Bi Annual Domain Name Report The Dashboard], MarketWatch.com. Published 2012 February 15.</ref>
'''On June 24th, 2012, registration for .org passed the 10 million mark. The 10th million registration was for JADFORUM.org''' is one of , registered by the first generic top-level domains (Jordan River and Dead Sea Basin Forum via [[gTLDGoDaddy]]) in . It was the 7th TLD to pass the 10 million mark; the Internet Domain Name System (others being [[.com]], [[DNs.de]](2006), [[. It is managed by the Public Interest Registry net]] (2007} [[PIR.cn]](2008), a non-profit organization founded by the Internet Society [[.uk]] (2012), [[ISOC.tk]]) in 2002.<ref>[http://www.pirdomainnews.com/en/org-seventh-tld-to-pass-ten-millionth-registration-milestone.html?utm_source=twitterfeed&utm_medium=twitter Seventh TLD to Pass Ten Millionth Registration Milestone, DomainNews.com]</ref> The .org TLD is considered the world's third largest top-level domain with 8.8 million organizations registered as of 2010. The top ten markets for .org registrations include The United States (60.4%), Germany (5.0%), United Kingdom (4.3%), Canada (3.5%), France (3.2%), Netherlands (2.2%), Spain (1.8%), China (1.8%), Italy (1.5%) and Japan (1.5%). Currently, there are 32 registrars offering second level registration of .orgdomain names following PIR's deployment of the [[DNSSEC]].<ref>[http://about www.pir.org/pdf/dashboard_2H_2010.pdf The Dashboard July-December 2010]</ref>
==History==
===Management Under Network Solutions/VeriSign===.org was created by the Network Working Group led by [[Jon Postel]] and [[Joyce Reynolds]] along with [[.com]], [[.edu]], [[.gov]] and [[.mil]] in 1984 as an open and unrestricted top-level domain name.<ref>[http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc920 RFC 920]</ref> Originally, the operations of the .org registry was managed by the [[SRI International]]'s Network Information Center ([[SRI-NIC]]) since its ; it was managed there from is creation until 1992.
In 1993, [[Network Solutions, Inc. ([[NSI]]) assumed the registration services of the .org under a cooperative agreement with the [[NSF|National Science Foundation ]] ([[NSF]]) that was to last until 1998. <ref>[http://www.icann.org/en/nsi/coopagmt-01jan93.htm NSI-NSF Cooperative Agreement]</ref> However, in 1998, the U.S. [[DOC|Department of Commerce ]] issued the [[White Paper]]<ref>[http://www.icann.org/en/general/white-paper-05jun98.htm White Paper]</ref> in response to the instruction of Pres. [[Bill Clinton]] to form a new non-profit organization to take over the responsibilities in improving the technical management of the Internet Domain Name System, as a result, Network Solutions ' contract to manage the registration services of the .org was extended by the Department of Commerce until September 30, 2000.<ref>[http://www.icann.org/en/nsi/coopagmt-amend11-07oct98.htm Special Award Conditions NCR-9218742 Amendment No. 11]</ref> In 1999, Network Solutions entered an agreement with [[ICANN ]] to remain as the registry operator of the .org TLD [[gTLD]] until December 31, 2002.<ref>[http://www.icann.org/en/nsi/nsi-registry-agreement-04nov99.htm ICANN-NSI Agreement]</ref>
===Transition to Current Management===The control of Network Solutions changed hands in 2000, when [[Verisign]] acquired the majority share holding at a price of USD 20 billion.<ref>[http://news.cnet.com/2100-1023-237656.html Cnet]</ref>During the meeting in Accra, Ghana on in March of 2002, the [[ICANN Board]]] resolved the request for proposals from parties interested in taking over the registry operations of the .org TLD from [[Verisign]].<ref>[http://www.icann.org/en/minutes/prelim-report-14mar02.htm#orgReassignment .org Reassignment]</ref> (acquired Network Solutions in 2000).
ICANN received 11 proposals by June of 2002 and created four teams to evaluate the proposals. The teams include:<ref>[http://www.icann.org/en/tlds/org/preliminary-evaluation-report-19aug02.htm Preliminary Staff Report]</ref>
* [[Gartner, Inc.]]- it was tasked to evaluate the technical aspects of the proposals
* An international team of Chief Information Officers- conducted an independent technical evaluation using a different methodology
* [[Noncommercial Domain Name Holders Constituency ]] of ICANN's [[DNSO]]- responsible in for usage evaluation of the proposals
* ICANN's General Counsel- evaluated the procedural aspects of the bids.
After evaluating the proposals, the teams recommended the three proposals as strong these candidates to succeed the management of the .org registration services from Verisign which include: * [[PIR|Public Interest Registry]] (PIR)
* [[Neustar]]
* [[GNR|Global Name Registry]]
The [[DOC|Department of Commerce ]] approved Public Interest Registry to take over the management of the .org TLD registry.<ref> [http://www.icann.org/en/correspondence/doc-to-icann-26nov02.htm Department of Commerce Approval Letter]</ref> PIR officially assumed the functions of .org registry operator on January 1, 2003.<ref>[http://www.internic.net/faqs/org-transition.html www.internic.net]</ref> In 2006, PIR renewed its .org Registry Agreement with ICANN until June 30, 2013.<ref>[http://www.icann.org/en/tlds/agreements/org/registry-agmt-16jul08.htm PIR-ICANN .org RAA]</ref>
==PIR Report on .orgIDN==The [[IDN|Internationalized Domain Name]] (IDN) registration for the .org TLD is considered the world's third largest top-level domain with an 8available in German, Danish, Hungarian, Icelandic, Korean (Hangul), Latvian, Lithuanian, Polish and Swedish scripts since 2005.8 million organizations registered as The Spanish language script became available in 2007, while Chinese IDN registration became available in January of 2010. The top ten markets ; IDN registration for .org registrations include united states 60.4%Bosnian, Bulgarian, Belarusian, Macedonian, Germany 5.0%Russian, United Kingdom 4.3%Serbian and Ukrainian languages using the Cyrillic script started February 19, Canada 32011.5%, France 3<ref>[http://www.2%, Netherlands 2pir.2%, Spain 1org/why/global/idn .8%ORG Internationalized Domain Names]</ref>==Project 94==In October, China 1.8%2012, Italy 1.5% it was announced that [[PIR]] would be auctioning off 85 one and two character domain names via [[eNom]] and Japan 1[[GoDaddy]].5%. At present there are 32 registrars offering a second level registration of .org domain The names after were released when PIR's deployment renwed its agreements with [[ICANN]] earlier in the year, and while 94 were released, 5 of the them are being held back given that they match [[DNSSECccTLD]]s. Only organizations with registered and recognizable trademarks and rights to the letters and possible acronyms are allowed to participate in the auctions. These organizations will have to be pre-approved to participate. The project is known as '''Project 94'''.<ref>[http://www.pirdomainincite.com/10726-domainers-not-welcome-in-one-character-org/pdf/dashboard_2H_2010.pdf The Dashboard July-December 2010auction Domainers Not Welcome in One Character Org Auction]</ref>
==U.org IDNS. Seizures of Domain Names==The Internationalized Domain Name ([[IDN]]) registration for U.S. government has stated that because .org TLD 's registry operator, PIR, is available based in Germanthe United States, Danishit has the right to seize any .org domain names at any time. The government goes straight to the registry in cases where the domain name is foreign, Hungarianas foreign registrars are not required to comply with U.S. law. By early 2012, Icelandicthe government had seized 750 domain names like this, Korean (Hangul)most registered through foreign registrars. Usually, Latvian, Lithuanianthe domain names are redirected at the [[DNS]] level to a U.S. government IP address that informs visitors that the site has been seized. Recently Bodog.com was targeted because federal law in the United States makes it illegal to offer online sports wagering and to payoff online bets, Polish and Swedish script since 2005although online gambling isn’t illegal globally. The Spanish language script became available in 2007 and while Chinese IDN registration became available on January of 2010 while domain name was registered through a Canadian registrar, but the United States closed the Cyrillic IDN registration started last February 19, 2011site without any intervention from Canadian authorities or companies.<ref>[http://www.pirwired.orgcom/threatlevel/2012/why03/globalfeds-seize-foreign-sites/idn ?utm_source=twitter&utm_medium=socialmedia&utm_campaign=twitterclickthru Uncle Sam: If It Ends in .Com, It’s .Seizable, wired.ORG Internationalized Domain Namescom]</ref>
==Management Team==
* '''Brian Cute''', Chief Executive Officer
* '''David Maher''', Senior Vice President, Law & Policy
* '''Lance Wolak''', Vice President, Marketing & Sales
* '''Lawrence C. Martin''', Vice President, Finance & Operations
==References==
__NOTOC__
                   [[Category:TLD]][[Category:GlossaryTLDs with Registry Agreements|org]]
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