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Independent Review of Board Actions
==Independent Review of Board Actions==
Under Article IV Section 3 of the ICANN Bylaws, the internet governing body is mandated to develop a separate process for third-party review of Board actions in the event of accusations that the Board decided in contrast with the organizations Bylaws. Complainants are required to submit a request for an independent review of the action or decision. An Independent Review Panel operated by an international dispute resolution provider will handle the case and determine the merit of the accusations whether ICANN violated its Bylaws in conjunction with the contested action. The selected IRP is required to submit its operating rules and procedures to the ICANN Board for approval. A three-member IRP is allowed as per request of either party. If there is no request for a three-member panel, the dispute will be resolved by a one-member panel. Members of the IRP must follow the conflict of interest policy as stated in the IRP provider's operating rules and procedures.<ref>[ Article IV Section 3 of the ICANN Bylaws December 15, 2002]</ref>
==Manwin Request for IRP==
Manwin Licensing International, the owner of numerous licenses and trademarks for adult oriented domain names such as YouPorn and xTube filed a request for an Independent Review Panel on November 16, 2011. The company claimed that the ICANN Board fall short in addressing important issues such as competition, consumer protection, malicious abuse and rights protection prior in connection with its approval of the .xxx TLD in favor of ICM Registry. In addition, Manwin alleged that ICANN failed to compel ICM to follow its registry contract and allowed the company to engage in anti-competitive practice and violate IP rights.<ref>
[ YouPorn challenges new gTLDs with review demand]</ref>

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