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PIPA

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Blackout Protest
==Opposition==
PIPA it not supported by many individuals, organizations and large technology companies, internet engineers and security experts, venture capitalist and civil libertarian communities and internet users because of the proposed strategies to be used against suspected infringing websites.
===Security Experts Technical Concernson DNS Filtering Provision===
In May 2011, internet security experts, including [[Steve Crocker]], CEO of [[Shinkuro]] Inc., and Chairman of the [[ICANN board]]; [[David Dagon]], [[DNS]] post-doctoral researcher at Georgia Institute of Technology; [[Dan Kaminsky]], security researcher for Fortune 500 companies such as [[Cisco]] and [[Microsoft]]; [[Danny McPherson]], Chief Security Officer for [[Verisign]] and [[Paul Vixie]], founder of [[ISC|Internet Systems Consortium]] sent a White Paper to the members of the Senate explaining how PIPA's DNS related provisions will cause harmful effects to the security and technical stability of the current Internet architecture. They encouraged lawmakers to scrap the DNS filtering provisions---Section 3(d)(II)(A)(ii) as stipulated in the proposed bill- because it was not compatible with the end-to-end implementations of [[DNSSEC|DNS Security Extensions]] (DNSSEC), a DNS security extension which allows certain information to be signed cryptographically providing secure authentication of Internet assets.<ref>
[http://www.circleid.com/pdf/PROTECT-IP-Technical-Whitepaper-Final.pdfSecurity and Other Technical Concerns Raised by the DNS Filtering Requirements in the PROTECT IP Bill]</ref>
 
On January 12, 2012, Senator Patrick Leahy stated that the DNS blocking provision of the bill is a highly technical issue and he is prepared to recommend a further study to weigh the impact of the provision before implementing it.<ref>[http://blogs.wsj.com/digits/2012/01/12/author-of-controversial-piracy-bill-now-says-more-study-needed/ Author of Controversial Piracy Bill Now Says ‘More Study’ Needed]</ref>
===Senator Ron Wyden Against PIPA===
==The Obama Administration's Stand on PIPA==
In response to the "Stop the E-PARASITE Act" and "Veto the [[SOPA]]" online petitions, '''Victoria Espinel''', Intellectual Property Enforcement Coordinator at Office of Management and Budget, '''Aneesh Chopra''', U.S. Chief Technology Officer, and '''Howard Schmidt''', Special Assistant to the President and Cybersecurity Coordinator for National Security Staff issued an official statement regarding the Obama Administration's stand on PIPA and SOPA. According the to the White House, it will not support a bill that will undermine the freedom of expression and innovation of the global internet and increase cybersecurity risk. The Obama administration also encouraged all internet stakeholders , including content creators and internet service providers , to work together in developing to develop measures to effectively combat online piracy. Furthermore, the White House promised to keep working with the Congress to achieve a bipartisan legislation that ''"provides new tools needed in the global fight against piracy and counterfeiting, while vigorously defending an open Internet based on the values of free expression, privacy, security and innovation."'' <ref>[https://wwws.whitehouse.gov/petition-tool/response/combating-online-piracy-while-protecting-open-and-innovative-internet Combating Online Piracy while Protecting an Open and Innovative Internet]</ref> ==PIPA Support Collapse in the Senate==Nineteen lawmakers in the Senate expressed their opposition to PIPA, joining Senators Ron Wyden, Jerry Moran, Rand Paul and Mark Warner. Seven of the new opponents of the bill were former co-sponsors. Many of the lawmakers cited legitimate concerns as the main reason for dropping their support on PIPA.<ref>[http://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/news/2012/01/pipa-support-collapses-with-13-new-opponents-in-senate.ars PIPA support collapses, with 13 new Senators opposed]</ref> On January 13, 2012, Senators Charles Grassley, Orrin Hatch, Jeff Sessions, John Cornyn, Mike Lee and Tom Coburn, expressed their concern to Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid that the Protect IP Act is "moving too quickly." According to the senators, the concerns and issues including risks on cybersecurity, damages to the Internet architecture, costly and burdensome litigation and dilution of First Amendment rights should be addressed first before bringing the bill to Senate floor for a vote. The senators pointed out that the bill should be "fully debated and amendments not limited."<ref>[http://www.scribd.com/doc/78185937/Letter-from-6-Senators-Telling-Reid-NOT-to-Schedule-a-Vote-on-Internet-Blacklist-Bill-aka-PIPA# Letter from 6 Senators Telling Reid NOT to Schedule a Vote on Internet Blacklist Bill (aka PIPA)]</ref>
==Blackout Protest==
On January 18, 2012 more than 115,000 websites participated in the 12 hour blackout protest against PIPA and SOPA. The blackout protest was first initiated by [[Reddit]], which was supported by other tech company giants such as Google, and Wikipedia, Facebook, AOL etc. During the blackout, the websites went dark, or provided information or link about the two legislation. <ref>
[http://blog.reddit.com/2012/01/stopped-they-must-be-on-this-all.html Stopped they must be; on this all depends]</ref> <ref>[http://www.sopastrike.com/numbers The January 18 Blackout Strike]</ref>
<ref>
[http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/01/17/wikipedia-blackout_n_1212096.html?ref=technology#s618767&title=Wikipedia Wikipedia Blackout: 11 Huge Sites Protest SOPA, PIPA On January 18]</ref>
 
==Senate Delays Vote on PIPA==
Following the blackout protest and collapse of support from legislators in the upper chamber, Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid decided to postpone the scheduled vote for PIPA. Reid explained that the concerns raised against the bill should be addressed. He remains optimistic that the Senate will be able to reach a compromise agreement to resolve the issues.<ref>[http://www.nytimes.com/2012/01/21/technology/senate-postpones-piracy-vote.html After an Online Firestorm, Congress Shelves Antipiracy Bills]</ref>
==References==

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