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[[Image:icons_101.png|frameless|50px|right]]'''اهلا بكم في عالم الايكان ! '''<br />
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[[Image:icons_101.png|frameless|50px|left]]'''Welcome to the world of ICANN!'''<br />
اذا كنت جديدا في هذا العالم ، وحتى لم تكن جديدا، اليك قائمه ببعض المصطلحات التي قد تحتاج لمعرفتها.
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If you are new, or even if you aren't, here are a list of important terms that you may need to know.
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==   ICANN ايكان ==
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==ICANN==
'''[[ ]]''' هي اختصار لاسم '''شركة الإنترنت للأسماء والأرقام المخصصة  ،,اسماء النطاقات'''. مؤسسة خاصة غير ربحية لادارة الانترنت ،,اسماء النطاقات  [[ايكان]], [[عناوين البروتوكولات ]] [[، وارقام النظام الذاتي لسجلات الانترنت ]], والهيكله التي تندرج تحتها. وتعمل حسب نموذج تعددية الاطراف.  
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'''[[ICANN]]''' stands for the '''Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers'''. It is a private, non-profit organization for the management of the Internet [[DNS]], [[IP Address]]es and [[Autonomous System Numbers]], and the structures that underlie them. It runs on an international, multi-stakeholder model.
    
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<imagemap>
 
<imagemap>
Image:Portal-Logos_ICANN.jpg|230px|center|alt=ICANN|[[ايكان|شركة الإنترنت للأسماء والأرقام المخصصة (ICANN)]]
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Image:Portal-Logos_ICANN.jpg|230px|center|alt=ICANN|[[ICANN|Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)]]
default [[ICANN|شركة الإنترنت للأسماء والأرقام المخصصة (ICANN)]]
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default [[ICANN|Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)]]
 
</imagemap>
 
</imagemap>
    
<small>MAIN ARTICLE:</small><br />
 
<small>MAIN ARTICLE:</small><br />
'''[[ICANN|شركة الإنترنت للأسماء والأرقام المخصصة (ICANN)]]'''<br /><br />
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'''[[ICANN|Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)]]'''<br /><br />
    
<small>SEE ALSO:</small><br />
 
<small>SEE ALSO:</small><br />
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::<h3>GNSO</h3>
 
::<h3>GNSO</h3>
::: ''المقاله الاساسية  : منظمة دعم الأسماء العامة    [[GNSO]]''
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::: ''Main article: [[GNSO]]''
:: The GNSO is an ICANN [[SO|Supporting Organization]]. تعتبر من المؤسسات الداعمة ل الايكان ).  وتدعم مجلس ادارة الايكان بوضع سياسات، جمع توافق اراء , وتقديم التوصيات المتعلقه بنطاقات المستويات العليا العالمية  gTLDs.
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:: The GNSO is an ICANN [[SO|Supporting Organization]]. It supports the ICANN Board by developing policies, forming consensus, and making recommendations related to gTLDs.
    
::<h3>ccNSO</h3>
 
::<h3>ccNSO</h3>
::: ''المقاله الاساسية  : [[ccNSO]]''
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::: ''Main article: [[ccNSO]]''
 
:: The ccNSO is an ICANN Supporting Organization.  It supports the ICANN Board by developing policies, forming consensus, and making recommendations related to ccTLDs.
 
:: The ccNSO is an ICANN Supporting Organization.  It supports the ICANN Board by developing policies, forming consensus, and making recommendations related to ccTLDs.
    
::<h3>ASO</h3>
 
::<h3>ASO</h3>
::: ''المقاله الاساسية  : [[ASO]]''
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::: ''Main article: [[ASO]]''
 
:: The ASO is an ICANN Supporting Organization. It supports the ICANN Board by developing policies, forming consensus, and making recommendations related to [[Internet Protocol]] and addresses.
 
:: The ASO is an ICANN Supporting Organization. It supports the ICANN Board by developing policies, forming consensus, and making recommendations related to [[Internet Protocol]] and addresses.
    
::<h3>GAC</h3>
 
::<h3>GAC</h3>
::: ''المقاله الاساسية  : [[GAC]]''
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::: ''Main article: [[GAC]]''
 
::The GAC, or Government Advisory Committee, is a committee made up of representatives from various governments to advise the ICANN Board on public policy issues, national laws, and international agreements.
 
::The GAC, or Government Advisory Committee, is a committee made up of representatives from various governments to advise the ICANN Board on public policy issues, national laws, and international agreements.
    
::<h3>RSSAC</h3>
 
::<h3>RSSAC</h3>
::: ''المقاله الاساسية  : [[RSSAC]]''
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::: ''Main article: [[RSSAC]]''
 
::The '''Root Server System Advisory Committee (RSSAC)''' advises the ICANN Community and Board on issues pertaining to the operation, administration, security, and integrity of the Internet's Root Server System.
 
::The '''Root Server System Advisory Committee (RSSAC)''' advises the ICANN Community and Board on issues pertaining to the operation, administration, security, and integrity of the Internet's Root Server System.
    
::<h3>SSAC</h3>
 
::<h3>SSAC</h3>
::: ''المقاله الاساسية  : [[SSAC]]''
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::: ''Main article: [[SSAC]]''
 
::The '''Security and Stability Advisory Committee''' ('''SSAC''') advises the [[ICANN Board]] on matters related to the security and integrity of domain names and the allocation of [[IP]] addresses, including but not limited to security assurance for operational matters, administrative matters and registrations matters.
 
::The '''Security and Stability Advisory Committee''' ('''SSAC''') advises the [[ICANN Board]] on matters related to the security and integrity of domain names and the allocation of [[IP]] addresses, including but not limited to security assurance for operational matters, administrative matters and registrations matters.
    
::<h3>NomCom</h3>
 
::<h3>NomCom</h3>
::: ''المقاله الاساسية  : [[Nominating Committee]]''
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::: ''Main article: [[Nominating Committee]]''
 
:: The Nominating Committee, or NomCom, is in charge of selecting various ICANN officers. It is designed to operate independently of all other ICANN Bodies, and to act in the interest of the global internet community.
 
:: The Nominating Committee, or NomCom, is in charge of selecting various ICANN officers. It is designed to operate independently of all other ICANN Bodies, and to act in the interest of the global internet community.
    
==Registry==
 
==Registry==
: ''المقاله الاساسية  : [[Registry]]''
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: ''Main article: [[Registry]]''
 
A registry is the database of all domain names registered under a certain TLD. A registry operator, also called a NIC or network information center, is responsible for managing this database. They contract with registrars, who are accredited to sell domains under the TLD.
 
A registry is the database of all domain names registered under a certain TLD. A registry operator, also called a NIC or network information center, is responsible for managing this database. They contract with registrars, who are accredited to sell domains under the TLD.
    
==Registrar==
 
==Registrar==
: ''المقاله الاساسية  : [[Registrar]]''
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: ''Main article: [[Registrar]]''
 
A registrar is a company that is authorized to sell domain names.
 
A registrar is a company that is authorized to sell domain names.
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==DNS==
 
==DNS==
: ''المقاله الاساسية  : [[DNS]]''
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: ''Main article: [[DNS]]''
 
: ''See also: [[DNSSEC]]''
 
: ''See also: [[DNSSEC]]''
 
The DNS, or Domain Name System, is the system that translates between alphanumeric domain names and [[IP Address]]es.
 
The DNS, or Domain Name System, is the system that translates between alphanumeric domain names and [[IP Address]]es.
    
==TLD==
 
==TLD==
: ''المقاله الاساسية  : [[TLD]]''
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: ''Main article: [[TLD]]''
 
A TLD, or Top Level Domain, is the last part of a domain name, for example: [[.com]], [[.net]], [[.org]]. The two most prominent types of TLDs are gTLDs and ccTLDs.
 
A TLD, or Top Level Domain, is the last part of a domain name, for example: [[.com]], [[.net]], [[.org]]. The two most prominent types of TLDs are gTLDs and ccTLDs.
    
===gTLD===
 
===gTLD===
: ''المقاله الاساسية  : [[gTLD]]''
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: ''Main article: [[gTLD]]''
 
A Generic Top Level Domain, or gTLD, is basically any TLD that is not a ccTLD. Previously, gTLDs were limited to being three or more characters. But with the addition of the New gTLD program, two character gTLDs may now be registered. Examples of gTLDs include [[.com]], [[.org]], and [[.info]]. [[sTLD]]s, such as [[.travel]], and [[GeoTLD]]s, such as [[.asia]] and [[.cat]], are a subset of gTLDs.
 
A Generic Top Level Domain, or gTLD, is basically any TLD that is not a ccTLD. Previously, gTLDs were limited to being three or more characters. But with the addition of the New gTLD program, two character gTLDs may now be registered. Examples of gTLDs include [[.com]], [[.org]], and [[.info]]. [[sTLD]]s, such as [[.travel]], and [[GeoTLD]]s, such as [[.asia]] and [[.cat]], are a subset of gTLDs.
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===ccTLD===
 
===ccTLD===
: ''المقاله الاساسية  : [[ccTLD]]''
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: ''Main article: [[ccTLD]]''
 
A Country-Code Top Level Domain, or ccTLD, is a TLD with two characters, specifically designed for a particular country, sovereign state or autonomous territory. [[.uk]], [[.de]], and [[.cn]] are all examples of ccTLDs.
 
A Country-Code Top Level Domain, or ccTLD, is a TLD with two characters, specifically designed for a particular country, sovereign state or autonomous territory. [[.uk]], [[.de]], and [[.cn]] are all examples of ccTLDs.
    
==IP==
 
==IP==
: ''المقاله الاساسية  : [[Internet Protocol]]''
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: ''Main article: [[Internet Protocol]]''
 
: ''See also: [[IPv4]], [[IPv6]], [[Internet Protocol Suite]]
 
: ''See also: [[IPv4]], [[IPv6]], [[Internet Protocol Suite]]
 
Internet Protocol is the means by which data is sent from one computer to another via an Internet connection.
 
Internet Protocol is the means by which data is sent from one computer to another via an Internet connection.
    
[[Category:Getting started]]
 
[[Category:Getting started]]

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