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'''Independent Review Panel (IRP)''' is a third-party review of Board actions operated by an International arbitration provider appointed. The IRP is in-charge in evaluating and determining if the actions, in-actions, decisions or resolutions made by the [[ICANN Board]] are contrary to the provisions of the Corporation's Articles of Incorporation and/or By-Laws. An IRP is created whenever there is an allegation against the Board and the complainant requests for an independent review of the action or decision. Article 3, Section IV (Independent Review of Actions) of the ICANN Bylaws mandates the creation of an IRP, which is carried out by [[ICANN]] through its Independent Review Policy established in 2002.<ref>[ ICANN Bylaws, Effective as of 15 December 2002]</ref>
The development of the [[Internal Independent Review Policy]] began in March, 1999. The initial [[ICANN Board]] appointed a 10-member [[Advisory Committee on Independent Review]] in-charge in developing the principles that will serve as to structure for the implementation of independent review procedures in compliance with the ICANN Bylaws. On May 7, 1999, the Advisory Committee submitted its interim report with draft principles and an addendum for public review and comment. The documents were publicly discussed during the ICANN meetings held in [[ICANN Berlin on |Berlin]] in May 26-17, 1999. After deliberations, the ICANN Board accepted the draft principles and the Advisory Committee were was instructed to complete its task.<ref>[ Interim Report of the Advisory Committee on Independent Review, May 7, 1999]</ref> <ref>
[ ICANN Minutes of Meeting, May 27, 1999]</ref>
On August 6, 1999, the Advisory Committee submitted the Final Report: Principles for Independent Review. The ICANN Board introduced the document for public discussion and accepted it during its meeting in [[ICANN Santiago on |Santiago]] in August 25-26, 1999. <ref>[ ICANN Minutes of Meeting August 26, 1999]</ref>
During the ICANN Meeting in [[ICANN Cairo on |Cairo]] held in March 9-10 , 2000, the ICANN Staff submitted the proposed Independent Review Policy. The policy serves as was a guideline on how to implement the principles recommended by the Advisory Committee.<ref>
[ Proposed Independent Review Policy]</ref> The policy was adopted by the ICANN Board on March 10. An [[Independent Review Panel Nominating Committee]] was delegated to nominate 9 members who will comprise the IRP.<ref>[ Independent Review Panel Nominating Committee]</ref>
On May 7, 2001, the IRP Nominating Committee received an instruction instructions from the Board to seek qualified applicants who will assume the position as members of for membersship on the IRP within 90 days.<ref>[ Special Meeting of the Board Preliminary Report May 7, 2001]</ref> Following the directive, the IRP Nominating Committee issued a call to the internet Internet community to submit nominations on June 26, 2001.<ref>[ Open Call to the Internet Community For Nominations to the ICANN IRP]</ref> The IRP Nominating Committee was unsuccessful in completing the list of candidates for the IRP Panel on the deadline set by the ICANN Board and requested for an extension. During the ICANN Meeting in Montevideo, the Board approved the request of the IRP Nominating Committee and extended the deadline to submit the list of the candidates for the IRP until October 15, 2001.<ref>[ Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board in Montevideo Preliminary Report]</ref> The IRP Nominating Committee was not able to provide a complete list during the extended deadline. Only three members of the committee submitted a list of 9 nominees while the other members did not participate in the process. A report on the status of the committee was submitted during the ICANN Meeting in Accra, Ghana on March 14, 2002. The nine individuals nominated for the IRP Panel includeincluded: <ref>[ ICANN Accra Meeting Topic: Implementation of Independent Review Policy]</REF>
# [[Zoe Baird]] (US)
# [[Diane Cabell]] (US)
# [[Zheng Chengsi]] (CN)
On March 14, 2002, the challenge and difficulties faced by the IRP Nominating Committee was referred to Evolution and Reform Committee , then chaired by [[Alejandro Pisanty]] with Lyman Chapin, Phil Davidson, Hans Kraaijenbrink, and Nii Quaynor serving as members. The Reform and Evolution Committee was created by the ICANN Board through Resoultion )1:32 to develop a framework for the implementation of reforms on ICANN's structure and procedures.<ref>[ ICANN Meeting in Accra Preliminary Report, March 14, 2002]</ref> ICANN adopted its new Bylaws o on December 15, 2002. Artcle IV Section 3 of the Bylaws mandates an independent review process without the involvement of an IRP nominating Nominating Committee.<ref>
[ The New Bylaws Effective as of December 15, 2002]</ref>

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