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International Telecommunication Union

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==World Conference on International Telecommunications (WCIT)==
From December 3rd to December 14th, 2012, the ITU is holding the [[WCIT|World Conference on International Telecommunications]] (WCIT) in Dubai. Government representatives from 178 nations around the world will be working to renegotiate the ''[[ITR|International Telecommunications Regulations]]'' (ITR), an information and communications treaty that outlines rules for how traffic should flow between telecom networks and how to calculate charges for traffic between different international carriers interfacing with one another. The treaty has not been updated since its signing in 1988.<refname="bbcnews-3">[http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-20429625 Google attacks UN's internet treaty conference], BBCNews.com. Published 22 November 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2012.</ref> Of the goals of the updated treaty, the ITU has said that it hopes to ensure "the free flow of information around the world, promoting affordable and equitable access for all and laying the foundation for ongoing innovation and market growth".<ref name="bbcnews-1">[http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-20445637 European Parliament warns against UN internet control], BBCNews.com. Published 22 November 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2012.</ref>
Any changes to the treaty must have unanimous support, as the ITU does not traditionally use a voting system, and that, "Whatever one single country does not accept will not pass." However, the ITU's Secretary-General [[Hamadoun Toure]] noted to the BBC that if there were serious disagreements a majority vote may be required.<ref name="bbcnews-3"></ref> One major aspect of the treaty could include a possible shift in internet governance structures, which may change them from regulation under a U.S.-based group like [[ICANN]] to a more global organization.<ref>[http://www.engadget.com/2012/11/22/google-says-itu-is-wrong-place-to-make-decisions-about-the-futu/ Google says ITU is 'the wrong place to make decisions about the future of the Internet'], Engadget.com. Published 22 November 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2012.</ref> Toure also stated that it was the ITU's goal to work with [[ICANN]] rather than take all responsibilities from it.<ref name="bbcnews-2"></ref>
===ITU & Google===
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