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{{TLD|
 
{{TLD|
 
|logo  =  
 
|logo  =  
|status = Proposed
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|status = Active
 
|country  =  
 
|country  =  
 
|language = Arabic
 
|language = Arabic
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|date  =
 
|date  =
 
|type  = [[IDN]] [[gTLD]]
 
|type  = [[IDN]] [[gTLD]]
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|ascii = .xn--ngbc5azd
 
|category  = [[:Category:Technology New gTLDs|Technology]]
 
|category  = [[:Category:Technology New gTLDs|Technology]]
 
|community  =  
 
|community  =  
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}}
 
}}
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'''شبكة''' is an [[IDN]] [[gTLD]] being proposed in [[ICANN]]'s [[New gTLD Program]]. The applicant is [[International Domain Registry Pty. Ltd.]]<ref>[http://newgtlds.icann.org/en/program-status/application-results/strings-1200utc-13jun12-en Reveal Day 13 June 2012 – New gTLD Applied-For Strings]</ref> It translates to "web" or "network" from Arabic and is the commonly used term for the Internet.
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'''شبكة or .shabaka''' is an [[IDN]] [[gTLD]] that was proposed in [[ICANN]]'s [[New gTLD Program]]. The [[Registry Operator]] is [[International Domain Registry Pty. Ltd.]], and the company was the only applicant for the string.<ref>[http://newgtlds.icann.org/en/program-status/application-results/strings-1200utc-13jun12-en Reveal Day 13 June 2012 – New gTLD Applied-For Strings]</ref> It translates to "web" or "network" from Arabic and is the commonly used term for the Internet. The string was delegated to the Root of the [[DNS]] on 23 October, 2013. It was one of the first 4 strings to be delegated as part of [[ICANN]]'s [[New gTLD Program]].<ref name="delegation">[http://newgtlds.icann.org/en/program-status/delegated-strings Delegated String, ICANN.org] Retrieved 05 Dec 2013</ref> It went on general availability in February 2014 and immediately achieved 2,000 registrations, but started to feel the impact of first renewals from April 2015, declining to 1,500 registrations by September 2015.<ref name="study">[https://www.icann.org/en/system/files/files/eurid-middle-east-dns-study-initial-13oct15-en.pdf MEAC DNS Study], ICANN.org. Published 2015 October 13. Retrieved 2015 November 13.</ref><ref name="stats">[https://ntldstats.com/tld/xn--ngbc5azd Stats], nTLDStats.com. Retrieved 2015 November 13.</ref>
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As of 2015, the majority of .shabakaregistrations are held by large international registrars. [[101Domains]] holds 66% and other leading registrars, like [[Com Laude]], [[CSC]], [[MarkMonitor]], and [[Instra]], specialize in brand protection. By contrast, the majority of [[.mawqe]] domains -- about 80% -- were held locally by the [[ICANN]]-accredited registar, [[KuwaitNet]].<ref name="study"></ref>
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==Challenges==
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Presentations by the [[DotShabaka]] registry at Middle East DNS Forums in 2014 and 2015 identified key challenges as low public awareness of Arabic script IDNs, and universal acceptance issues with IDNs. These ideas are also thoroughly detailed in the [[MEAC DNS Study|MEAC DNS Study 2015]].<ref name="study"></ref>
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To combat issues of activating Arabic TLDs, .shabaka offers three solutions:<ref name="wamda">[http://www.wamda.com/2015/09/does-your-business-really-need-an-arabic-top-level-domain Does your business really need an Arabic Top Level Domain?], Wamda.com. Published 2015 September 29. Retrieved 2015 November 24.</ref>
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* Forwarding the Arabic domain to the original Roman text version
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* Forwarding the Arabic domain to the original Roman text version but retaining visibility of the Arabic domain in the browser
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* Forwarding the Arabic site completely, in which case the owner would be required to design the website completely in Arabic, so that clients could benefit from "Arabic domain names, SEO improvement and websites with Arabic content".
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==Application Details==
 
==Application Details==
 
Excerpts from Responses to Question #18:<br>
 
Excerpts from Responses to Question #18:<br>
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==Contract Signed==
 
==Contract Signed==
On July 14 2013, the applicant received a [[Registry Agreeement]] signed by [[ICANN]] for the شبكة. TLD after passing the [[Initial Evaluation]]. It was the first new TLD contract to be signed.<ref>[http://domainnamewire.com/2013/07/14/first-new-tld-contract-signed/ First New TLD Contract Signed] Retrieved 12 Sept 2013</ref>
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On July 14 2013, the applicant received a [[Registry Agreeement]] signed by [[ICANN]] for the شبكة. TLD after passing the [[Initial Evaluation]]. It was the first new TLD contract to be signed in the [[New gTLD Program]].<ref>[http://domainnamewire.com/2013/07/14/first-new-tld-contract-signed/ First New TLD Contract Signed] Retrieved 12 Sept 2013</ref>
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==Delegation and Availability==
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.شبكة was delegated to the [[Root Zone]] of the [[DNS]] on October 23, 2013, completing the successful application for the string.<ref name="delegation"></ref>
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===Sunrise===
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The Registry announced that their [[Sunrise Period]] for the string would begin 31 October 2013 and end on 29 December 2013.<ref>[http://newgtlds.icann.org/en/program-status/sunrise-claims-periods TLD Startup Information, ICANN.org] Retrieved 10 December 2013</ref> They used [[Pool.com]] for their Sunrise and [[Landrush]] auctions.<ref>[http://www.thedomains.com/2013/12/11/dotshabaka-chooses-pool-com-for-sunrise-landrush-aucitons/ dotShabaka Chooses Pool.com for Sunrise and Landrush Auctions, TheDomains] Retrieved 12 Dec 2013</ref>
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The dotShabaka [[Registry]] announced after the closing of their Sunrise period that they had received "very few" registrations during the period, due to the fact that the [[Trademark Clearinghouse]] had not been promoted adequately in Arabic-speaking countries. The conclusion of the Sunrise Period marked the conclusion of the first Sunrise from the [[New gTLD Program]].<ref>[http://domainincite.com/15435-first-new-gtld-sunrise-ends-with-very-few-registrations First gTLD Sunrise Ends with Very Few Registrations, DomainIncite] Retrieved 30 Dec 2013</ref>
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One of the registrations made during the initial Sunrise period was by [[Google]] for the domain جوجل.شبكة, which is a transliteration of "Google". This marked the first New gTLD domain registration made by Google.<ref>[http://domainincite.com/15472-google-registers-its-first-new-gtld-domain Google registers its first New gTLD Domain, DomainIncite] Retrieved 06 Jan 2014</ref>
    
==References==
 
==References==
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[[Category:Technology New gTLDs|شبكة]]
 
[[Category:Technology New gTLDs|شبكة]]
 
[[Category:TLDs with Registry Agreements|شبكة]]
 
[[Category:TLDs with Registry Agreements|شبكة]]
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[[Category:IDN]]
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