.慈善

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Status: Delegated
Language: Chinese (Hans/Simplified)
Translates to: charity
Manager: Zodiac
Registry Provider: KNET
Date Implemented: 31 March 2015
Type: IDN gTLD
Category: Commerce
PIC Submitted: yes, Download Here
Priority #: 65

.慈善 is an IDN gTLD delegated in ICANN's New gTLD Program. Zodiac (Excellent First Limited) manages the TLD and is its Registry. The proposed application succeeded and was delegated to the Root Zone on 31 March, 2015.[1] .[2]

.慈善 是一个国际化通用顶级域名。该域名已被纳入ICANN的新通用顶级域名计划。申请人为黄道公司。

GAC Warning & PIC

The application was issued a GAC Early Warning from the representative of Australia and GAC Chair, Heather Dryden. The warning system is noted as a strong recommendation on behalf of national governments to the ICANN Board that a given TLD application should be denied as it stands. Applicants are encouraged to work with objecting GAC members.[3]

The warning states that the TLD refers to a regulated market but that the applicant has not provided for adequate measures to protect from consumer harm.[4]

The applicant subsequently submitted a Public Interest Commitment, which in part states that the applicant will publish its Registration Policy prior to the launch of the TLD and subject it to a public comment period.[5]

政府咨询委员会警告 & 公益承诺

政府咨询委员会(GAC)的澳大利亚代表和委员会主席Heather Dryden女士在该申请提出早期提出了警告。警告一旦提出,则被视为由国家级政府向ICANN董事会提出建议将申请否决。警告认为该顶级域名涉及的应是一个受规范的市场。但申请人并没有在申请中提到如何使用合理手段以维护顾客利益。

申请人随后提交了一份公益承诺书,说明其会在【.慈善】这一顶级域名启用之前发布一份“注册方案”并邀请公众进行评论。

IO Objection

ICANN's Independent Objector (IO) filed a Community Objection against the .慈善 string. The IO is an appointed authority on international law whose role is to object to strings on the grounds of Community harm and Limited Public Interest were detailed in the applicant guidebook. His objections are official objections and are funded by ICANN, though his office is otherwise independent. Reasons for the specific case against .慈善 were not initially given, but the community objection generally argues that the TLD faces opposition or is contrary to a significant portion of a community which it purportedly aims to serve. The IO must determine: That the community is a clearly delineated community; that there is a strong association between the community and the string applied for; there is a strong association between the segment of the community on whose half we objects and the string itself; and he must determine that the TLD would produce a significant material detriment to this sizable portion of the community.[6]

He also objected to two applications to the related .charity string.

独立异议

ICANN的独立异议人(IO)提出了一份反对【.慈善】系列域名的反对书。独立异议者是经过ICANN授权的在国际法界有权威的人。他/她的职责是在独立无偏见的前提下对那些可能对社区造成负面影响和仅带来有限公众利益的域名申请提出异议和反驳。他/她所提交的反对书由ICANN支持且十分正式。然而独立异议者的办公室却不为ICANN提供,如其身份一样是独立的。关于“为什么要反对【.慈善】系列域名”,反对书起初并没有特别说明。但总体说来,反对书认为【.慈善】这一顶级域名与某些社区的服务宗旨相违背。因此,独立异议者必须:将该社区详细描述;该社区利益与【.慈善】系列域名紧密联系;该社区的某一部分与申请域名有很大联系;以及该顶级域名对该社区会造成实际上的严重损害。

独立异议人还对【.慈善】的英文域名.charity 的申请提出了反对。

Application Details

Excerpted from Response to question #18 in TLD application:

"Zodiac Holdings Limited (“Zodiac”) was founded and incorporated in Cayman Islands by James Seng in 2008 in anticipation of the launch of the ICANN new gTLD program. Currently, it is headquartered in Hong Kong and has an operation center in Beijing, China. The team consists of experienced veterans in the global and China domain name industry like James Seng and former China Network Information Center (CNNIC) employees such as Eugene Li.

James Seng is one of the Internet pioneers in Singapore and is widely recognized as an international expert in numerous Internet areas. He is well known as the inventor of IDN and has co-chaired the IDN Working Group in IETF from 1999 to 2004, leading to the standardization of IDN. Eugene Li, is the former Vice President of China Network Information Center (CNNIC). During his 7 years tenure at CNNIC, Eugene has launched initiatives that doubled domain name registrations and helped CNNIC become the no. 1 ccTLD and no. 2 TLD by volume. At the time when Eugene left to join Zodiac, CNNIC has over 13 million domain name registrations.

Under the vision and leadership of James Seng, with the support of angels, venture capital firm and family offices of approximately USD 20 million in place for the application and operation of the new gTLDs, Zodiac is seeking to become the first and largest privately held ICANN-approved TLD registry operator in Asia. It intends to operate TLDs that are centric to the Chinese culture.

[..]

[.慈善], pronounced as “ci shan” means “charity” in Chinese. Charity is becoming more prominent in China over the past few years. Both global and local charities like Red Cross and the ONE foundation headed by the famous movie star Jet Li are already here. Even the Internet is leveraged to promote charity as evidenced by webpages on Weibo.com (China’s most popular micro-blogging website) and Baidu.com (China’s most popular search engine)."[7]

申请细节

黄道公司于2008年由James Seng在开曼群岛创立并参与到当时刚由ICANN发起的新通用顶级域名计划中。如今,该公司总部设在香港并在中国北京设有操作中心。这个公司由全球及中国范围内在域名行业内有非常经验的从业人员构成,其中包括James Seng 自己及前中国网络信息中心雇员Eugene Li.

James Seng 是新加坡的“网络先锋”之一并在国际上被广泛认可为互联网领域的专家。他擅长国际域名(IDN)开发并在1999至2004年期间担任国际域名工作组(IDN Working Group)的联合主席。在他任职期间,国际域名注册标准得以完善。Eugene Li 是中国网络信息中心(CNNIC)的前副主席。在他7年任职期间,Eugene 启动了一些列项目并使域名注册量翻倍。在他的努力下,中国网络信息中心成为拥有最多国家代码顶级域名(ccTLD)及第二多顶级域名注册量的机构。当他加盟黄道公司时,中国网络信息中心已拥有了超过1300万个域名注册。

在James Seng的理念及管理引导,天使投资人的支持,以及风险投资公司的共同作用下,黄道已为以其名义申请的新通用顶级域名筹集了将近2000万美金,包括前期申请及后期管理。黄道公司正力争成为亚洲第一个也是最大一个私人控股,并得到ICANN许可的顶级域名注册商。公司旨在经营那些对中国文化来说涵义很大的顶级域名。

近几年,慈善事业在中国吸引了大量关注。不管是国际慈善机构如红十字会,还是中国本土慈善机构如李连杰先生的壹基金,都在中国开始了自己的慈善事业。各互联网企业也开始利用网络资源推广慈善如Weibo.com (新浪微博)和Baidu.com (百度搜索).

References