.adult

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Status: Delegated
Registry: ICM Registry
Registry Backend: Afilias
Date Implemented: 06 Dec 2014
Type: Generic
Category: Industry
nTLDStats
Registrations: 8,725
Parked Domains: 7,417
Parked Domain %: 85.01 %
Important Dates
Delegation: 06 December 2014
General Availability: 04 June 2015

More Information: NTLDStatsLogo.png

.adult is a delgated TLD in ICANN's New gTLD Program. ICM Registry, also applying for .porn and .sex. ICM Registry is the operator .xxx. The proposed application succeeded and was delegated to the Root Zone on 06 December, 2014.[1]

Application Details

The gTLD is intended for the use the adult entertainment community. ICM Registry CEO Stuart Lawley explained that all registered domain names under the .xxx gTLD will be grandfathered under the .adult gTLD if approved by ICANN. Matching names with .adult domain name extension will be automatically registered to the registrants at no cost. However, a minimal amount will be charged if a registrant eventually decides to activate and use the reserved .adult domain name.[2]

Launch

General availability for .adult began June 4, 2015. According Stuart Lawley, CEO of ICM Registry, over 4,000 domains under .adult and .porn were registered within the first hour of availability. [3]

Controversy

Christian group Morality In Media launched a letter-writing campaign in July 2012 against ICM's three new TLD applications, .adult, .sex, and .porn. The group also protested against .xxx, ICM's original TLD. The group claims that its prediction about .xxx, that it would create more porn and not less, has been vindicated, as porn sites under the .com TLD have not moved to .xxx, and additional new sites have been created under the .xxx extension.[4] With its campaign, MIM asked the U. S. Government and Congress and ICANN to take action against the spread of porn under the Internet by not allowing the three new TLDs into the root zone.[5]

European Commission Communiqué

The European Commission flagged .adult outside the defined ICANN remediation processes.

Just after ICANN's GAC issued its Early Warnings, which are advice given from one GAC member country to an applicant warning it of potential issues within its application, the European Commission issued a letter to all applicants within the new gTLD program. The letter highlights 58 applications that "could raise issues of compatibility with the existing legislation .. and/or with policy positions and objectives of the European Union."

The Commission specifically notes that this objection is not a part of the GAC Early Warning process, and goes on to note that "the Commission does not consider itself legally bound to [ICANN] processes," given that there is not legal agreement between the two bodies.[6][7]

Independent Objector

The Independent Objector is responsible for determining if a new gTLD application is in the best interest of the Internet community. If not, he or she will file formal objections against a new gTLD application. Alain Pellet, a law professor from the University of Paris and a former member of the United Nations International Law Commission and International Court of Justice, was chosen by ICANN to serve as the sole independent objector for the New gTLD Program in May, 2012. [8] The position was created by ICANN in accordance with the implementation of the New gTLD Program. As defined, the IO may be an individual or organization and must not be affiliated with any applicant and must carry out their responsibility without bias.[9]

In December 2012 Mr. Pellet released his first correspondence on actual TLDs, commenting on so-called "Controversial strings". Those strings include: .adult, .sex, .porn, .sexy, .hot, .gay, .lgbt, .persiangulf, .vodka, and .wtf. A string seemed to have been deemed "controversial" by Mr. Pellet if it received a substantial amount of objections during the public comment period. He addresses each TLD separately and at length, noting the objection, and turning to International law and precedent to determine whether an objection from his point of view, of defending the public interest, is warranted. In each case he concludes that the objections are not supported by international law and that regional, cultural, and personal issues influence the objections rather than broadly accepted treaties, laws, or international cultural trends. He has reserved the right to later object to the strings, but at that time it was deemed that the "controversial strings" are in fact not offensive to the greater public interest and Internet users.[10]

With regards to .adult, the Independent Objector notes that most all objections raise concerns about greater space created for pornographic material, and cite moral, religious, or cultural issues with this fact. Mr. Pellet notes that there is no singular international consensus on the morality of pornographic material and it is one decided by local governments with regards to domestic perceptions and cultural and moral norms. He goes on to note that the creation of a .adult TLD could have the effect of clearly labeling pornographic material, thereby making it easier for offended people to avoid or block such content. He notes that the only widely accepted international norm and treaties on the matter that overlap specifically address the harm or exploitation of children, including with regards to sexual or pornographic scenarios. However, he notes that there is no reason to believe that the creation of a .adult TLD will make it easier to disseminate material that offends in this regard, and it could even prove to more closely regulate pornography and potentially offensive material.[11]

References