.شبكة

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Status: Delegated
Language: Arabic
Translates to: web/network
Registry Provider: ARI Registry Services
Type: IDN gTLD
ASCII Translation: .xn--ngbc5azd
Category: Technology
Priority #: 3

شبكة is an IDN gTLD being proposed in ICANN's New gTLD Program. The applicant is International Domain Registry Pty. Ltd.[1] It translates to "web" or "network" from Arabic and is the commonly used term for the Internet. The application was successful and the string was delegated to the Root of the DNS on 23 October, 2013. If was one of the first 4 strings to be delegated as part of ICANN's New gTLD Program.[2]

Application Details

Excerpts from Responses to Question #18:

"MISSION AND PURPOSE

With 350 million Arabic literate individuals in the world and recent advances in the use of Internationalised Top-Level Domains, there exists a significant opportunity to improve the online navigation experience for Arabic language communities across the world by the introduction of an Arabic Top-Level Domain.

Thus, the mission⁄purpose of the شبكة. TLD is to promote innovation and growth in the Arabic literate Internet community by creating a globally recognized but regionally significant namespace in the Arabic script dedicated to the specific needs of the community thereby serving to eliminate previous barriers to accessibility and building on the successful and cooperative atmosphere established within the Arabic literate Internet community.

The term, شبكة, meaning ‘web’ in Arabic is currently used in the context of describing the ‘Internet’ among Arabic literate Internet users. As such, the use of this generic term as a TLD does not serve to target a specific industry or product segment, effectively expanding the size of the target market and promoting the achievement of the mission⁄purpose of the TLD. Given its generic appeal, the شبكة. TLD will operate with no eligibility restrictions and will attract registrants from both business and consumer segments. The TLD will be accompanied by an aggressive marketing approach that will attempt to position the شبكة. TLD as the TLD of choice for those within the Arabic literate Internet community.

The شبكة. TLD will address the specific needs of, and subsequently effectively appeal to, the Arabic literate Internet community by granting registrants the opportunity to secure relevant, intuitive domain names in their native script. In addition, the شبكة. TLD will allow for direct navigation - a new feature underneath this TLD after years of reliance on Search Engines to direct Arabic literate Internet users to appropriate content." ...

"شبكة. will be an open TLD that appeals to a wide range of potential registrants. No restrictions on eligibility to register and use domain names will be enacted. Multiple applications for a domain name will be resolved by employing the first-come⁄first-serve method of allocation."[3]

Contract Signed

On July 14 2013, the applicant received a Registry Agreeement signed by ICANN for the شبكة. TLD after passing the Initial Evaluation. It was the first new TLD contract to be signed in the New gTLD Program.[4]

Delegation and Availability

.شبكة was delegated to the Root Zone of the DNS on October 23, 2013, completing the successful application for the string.[2]

The Registry announced that their Sunrise Period for the string would begin 31 October 2013 and end on 29 December 2013.[5] They will use Pool.com for their Sunrise and Landrush auctions.[6]

References