Difference between revisions of ".it"

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{{TLD|
 
{{TLD|
|logo  = ItLOGO.png
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|logo  = Registro it logo.png
 
|status = Active
 
|status = Active
 
|country  = Italy
 
|country  = Italy
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}}
 
}}
  
'''.it''' is the [[ccTLD|country code top-level domain name]] (ccTLD) for Italy. Its operations are managed by the [[Registro.it]] (NIC-it).<ref name="cctld">[http://www.nic.it Registro.it]. Retrieved 29 November 2012.</ref>. It is the fifth largest ccTLD registry in Europe.<ref name="About Us">[http://www.nic.it/about-us] About Us, Registro.it]Retrieved 23 Jan 2013</ref>
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'''.it''' is the [[ccTLD|country code top-level domain name]] (ccTLD) for Italy. Its operations are managed by [[Registro.it]] (NIC-it).<ref name="cctld">[http://www.nic.it Registro.it]</ref>. It is the fifth largest ccTLD registry in Europe.<ref name="About Us">[http://www.nic.it/about-us] About Us, Registro.it]Retrieved 23 Jan 2013</ref>
  
The IANA recognized.it in December, 1987, and delegated the function of registry management to the CNR (Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche - Italian National Research Council). In 1997, this responsibility passed to the Institute for Applied Telematics (IAT-CNR) and, thereafter, to the Institute of Informatics and Telematics (IIT-CNR), founded in 2002 by the merger between IAT and the Institute of Computational Mathematics. The .it boom occurred in the late 199os, while current registration is at about about 20,000 domains per month following the removal of restrictions of total registration volumes on companies and individuals, in 2000 and 2004 respectively.<ref name="About Us"></ref>
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IANA delegated the function of registry management to the CNR (Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche - Italian National Research Council).<ref>[https://www.iana.org/domains/root/db/it.html  IANA Root Database - .it]</ref> In 1997, this responsibility passed to the Institute for Applied Telematics (IAT-CNR) and, thereafter, to the Institute of Informatics and Telematics (IIT-CNR), founded in 2002 by the merger between IAT and the Institute of Computational Mathematics.<ref name="aboutus" />
  
==Internationalized Domain Names==
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==Usage==
Beginning in July 11th, 2012, all .it domain names began allowing [[IDN|Internationalized Domain Names]] (IDN), allowing them to support Italian, French, and German accents and characters. In five minutes, 1,737 new IDNs were registered; in thirty, 2,620; in four hours, eight thousand.<ref name="idn">[http://centr.org/news/07-16-2012/2191/idn-success-italy IDN Success in Italy], Centr.org. Published 16 July 2012. Retrieved 29 November 2012.</ref>
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The .it domain is an [[Open Use ccTLD]]. Registrants from countries in the European Economic Area, as well as San Marino, the Vatican, Switzerland, may register .it domains.<ref>[https://www.nic.it/en/find-your-it/faq NIC.it - FAQ]</ref> The potential for [[Domain hack|domain hacking]] the English article "it" has proven popular for large corporations with a presence in the EEA.<ref>An obvious and popular example is Google's use of [https://www.google.it/ Google.it]</ref>
  
The first .it IDN name, registered in three seconds, was perché.it, followed by perchè.it, a misspelling of the former. Common words were registered in the first hours, along with accented words that are usually devoid of accents, such as "agentì", "pizzà", and "ìtalià". Non-Italian proper nouns were also registered in their native tongue, in the case of IDNs related to Austria -- österreich.it -- and the German city Cologne -- köln.it.<ref name="idn"></ref>
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The first .it domain was established in December 1987; the domain for the National Research Council.<ref>[https://www.cnr.it/en/institute/044/services/institute-for-informatics-and-telematics-iit CNR.it - Registry Services]</ref>
  
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Adoption of .it names has not been consistent throughout Italy. Registro.it reported in 2011 that .it domain names were mainly registered in certain regions of Italy, while there was an extremely low registration rates in the southern region.<ref name="study">Registro.it's findings were presented as a case study example in ICANN's [https://www.icann.org/en/system/files/files/eurid-middle-east-dns-study-initial-13oct15-en.pdf MEAC DNS Study (PDF)]</ref>
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==Internationalized Domain Names (IDNs)==
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Beginning in July 11th, 2012, all .it domain names began allowing [[IDN|Internationalized Domain Names]] (IDN), allowing them to support Italian, French, and German accents and characters.<ref>[https://centr.org/news/news/idn-success-in-italy.html CENTR.org - IDN Success in Italy]</ref> In 2015, the list of acceptable characters grew to include the languages of all nations in the European Union.<ref>[https://www.nic.it/en/news/2018/idn-24-official-languages-eu Nic.it - IDN for the 24 Official Languages of the EU]<ref>
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Italy has not applied for an internationalized version of its TLD.
 
==References==
 
==References==
 
{{reflist}}
 
{{reflist}}
 +
[[Category:Open Use ccTLD]]
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[[Category:Italy]]

Latest revision as of 18:42, 4 March 2021

Registro it logo.png
Status: Active
country: Italy
Manager: Registro.it
Registrations: 2,500,991 (Jan 2013)[1]
Date Implemented: December, 1987
Type: ccTLD

.it is the country code top-level domain name (ccTLD) for Italy. Its operations are managed by Registro.it (NIC-it).[2]. It is the fifth largest ccTLD registry in Europe.[3]

IANA delegated the function of registry management to the CNR (Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche - Italian National Research Council).[4] In 1997, this responsibility passed to the Institute for Applied Telematics (IAT-CNR) and, thereafter, to the Institute of Informatics and Telematics (IIT-CNR), founded in 2002 by the merger between IAT and the Institute of Computational Mathematics.[5]

Usage

The .it domain is an Open Use ccTLD. Registrants from countries in the European Economic Area, as well as San Marino, the Vatican, Switzerland, may register .it domains.[6] The potential for domain hacking the English article "it" has proven popular for large corporations with a presence in the EEA.[7]

The first .it domain was established in December 1987; the domain for the National Research Council.[8]

Adoption of .it names has not been consistent throughout Italy. Registro.it reported in 2011 that .it domain names were mainly registered in certain regions of Italy, while there was an extremely low registration rates in the southern region.[9]

Internationalized Domain Names (IDNs)

Beginning in July 11th, 2012, all .it domain names began allowing Internationalized Domain Names (IDN), allowing them to support Italian, French, and German accents and characters.[10] In 2015, the list of acceptable characters grew to include the languages of all nations in the European Union.<ref>Nic.it - IDN for the 24 Official Languages of the EU<ref>

Italy has not applied for an internationalized version of its TLD.

References

  1. Web Stat, Stats.Nic.itRetrieved 2 Dec 2012
  2. Registro.it
  3. [1] About Us, Registro.it]Retrieved 23 Jan 2013
  4. IANA Root Database - .it
  5. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named aboutus
  6. NIC.it - FAQ
  7. An obvious and popular example is Google's use of Google.it
  8. CNR.it - Registry Services
  9. Registro.it's findings were presented as a case study example in ICANN's MEAC DNS Study (PDF)
  10. CENTR.org - IDN Success in Italy