Difference between revisions of "Amazon"

From ICANNWiki
Jump to: navigation, search
Line 4: Line 4:
 
| industry        = e-Commerce
 
| industry        = e-Commerce
 
| founded        = 1994
 
| founded        = 1994
| founder(s)      = Jeff Bezos
+
| founder(s)      = [[Jeff Bezos]]
 
| headquarters    = Washington
 
| headquarters    = Washington
 
| country        = United States
 
| country        = United States
Line 11: Line 11:
 
| revenue        = 34.20B
 
| revenue        = 34.20B
 
| website        = http://www.amazon.com
 
| website        = http://www.amazon.com
| keypeople      = Jeff Bezos, Prsident, CEO, Chairman of the Board <br>
+
| keypeople      = [[Jeff Bezos]], Prsident, CEO, Chairman of the Board <br>
Werner Vogels, VP & CTO <br>
+
[[Werner Vogels]], VP & CTO <br>
Mathew Work, VP, Alexa Research <br>
+
[[Mathew Work]], VP, Alexa Research <br>
Shelley Reynolds, VP Worldwide Controller & Principal Accounting Officer <br>
+
[[Shelley Reynolds]], VP Worldwide Controller & Principal Accounting Officer <br>
Bill Carr, VP Digital Media <br>
+
[[Bill Carr]], VP Digital Media <br>
Colin Bodell, VP Website Application Platform <br>
+
[[Colin Bodell]], VP Website Application Platform <br>
Jeffrey Wilke, SVP, North American Retail
+
[[Jeffrey Wilke]], SVP, North American Retail
 
}}
 
}}
  

Revision as of 19:20, 6 April 2011

Amazon.JPG
Type: Public
Industry: e-Commerce
Founded: 1994
Headquarters: Washington
Country: United States
Products: unlimited
Employees: 33,700 (full-time and part-time)
Revenue: 34.20B
Website: http://www.amazon.com
Key People
Jeff Bezos, Prsident, CEO, Chairman of the Board

Werner Vogels, VP & CTO
Mathew Work, VP, Alexa Research
Shelley Reynolds, VP Worldwide Controller & Principal Accounting Officer
Bill Carr, VP Digital Media
Colin Bodell, VP Website Application Platform
Jeffrey Wilke, SVP, North American Retail

nTLDStats
TLDs: 52
Registrations: 2,405

More Info: nTLDStats

Amazon.com Inc. is a global leader in e-Commerce and the largest online retail store in the United States and in 45 other countries worldwide offering a wide range of products from books, electronics, games, home and garden, movies, music, toys and many other products.

Background

Mr. Jeff Bezos, a young hedge fund analyst founded Amazon in 1994 as an online bookstore. At first, he planned to call his company Cadabra but he changed his mind because it sounds like “cadaver.” He finally decided to call the company Amazon.com after one of the world’s largest river Amazon, which represents the gigantic number of books he plans to sell online. Jeff’s parents were the first investors in the company and entrusted him $300,000 from their retirement savings. [1]

Bezoz officially launched the Amazon online bookstore on July 6, 1995 offering one million titles. The first book that was purchased was the "Fluid Concepts & Creative Analogies: Computer Models of the Fundamental Mechanisms of Thought." He used his garage as his working area and warehouse. In 1996, Bezoz move to a new headquarter, a small warehouse and hired 11 people to help him with his operations. He decided to just maintain a small inventory of books in the warehouse and trusted his suppliers to ship every order promptly. The company grew rapidly at the end of 1996. Bezoz decided move to a bigger warehouse at downtown Seattle. During that time, his employees increased from 11 to 151. [2]

In 1997, the company announced the Initial Public Offering (IPO) of stocks and started trading on NASDAQ under “AMZN.” [3] The company initially offered 3 million shares at $18 per share and at the end of the trading it closed at $23.25 per share. Amazon sold $54 million worth of stocks in one day. [4]

Company Expansion

Since its IPO of stocks, Amazon's sales continue to increase and on latter part of 1998, the company is already offering 3.1 million titles. It also acquired the Internet Data Base and opened its music store.

In 1999, the company acquired Alexa Internet, Tool Crib of the North's Online and Catalog Sales Division and it also opened four fulfillment centers. The company also launched the Amazon.com Auction and added the consumer electronics, toys and games, home improvement, software, video games and gift ideas stores and the zShops. Time Magazine also recognized Jeff Bezoz as 1999 "Person of the Year." [5]

In 2000, Amazon has approximately 16 million customers and it became the most popular e-Commerce company in the United States. The increasing number of customers inspired the management to create a new logo to represent the company’s message; it is selling practically everything from A-Z represented by the arrow under the name Amazon. The arrow is also an illustration of a smile from a customer who is happy and satisfied purchasing a product from the company. [6]

During the dot com bubble burst majority of e-Commerce companies went bankrupt but Amazon is one of the few to carry on with the operations of the business and climb the ladder of success and continued to open more stores, achieving the company goal of offering every product available in the market and kept introducing different programs to entice more customers to shop on the website such as the super saver shipping offer, look inside the book, consumer reviews etc.

Amazon also acquired more businesses, expanded its operations internationally, opened more fulfillment centers and created partnerships with different companies and launched more stores, programs and opportunities for consumers as well as small entrepreneurs.

Acquisitions

  1. Internet Movie Data Base (1998)
  2. Alexa Internet (1999)
  3. Tool Crib of the North Online & Catalog Sales Division (1999)
  4. Joyo.com Limited (2004)
  5. Book Surge LLC (2005)
  6. Custom Flix Labs,Inc. (2005)
  7. Shopbop.com (2006)
  8. Fabric.com (2008)
  9. Abe Books (2008)
  10. Zappos.com (2009)
  11. BuyVIP.com (2010)
  12. LOVEFilm International Limited (2011)

International Operations

Amazon.com Inc.has international operations in six countries and established its software development center in Scotland.[7]

  1. United Kingdom- Amazon.co.uk
  2. Germany - Amazon.de
  3. France - Amazon.fr
  4. Japan - Amazon.co.jp
  5. Canada - Amazon.ca
  6. China - www.joyo.com.cn

Fulfillment and Customer Service Centers

  1. New Castle, Delaware
  2. Fernley, Nevada
  3. Coffeyville, Kansas
  4. Campbellsville, Kentucky
  5. Lexington, Kentucky
  6. Huntington, West Virginia
  7. Kennewick, Washington
  8. Munster, Indiana
  9. Goodyear, Arizona
  10. Marston Gate, UK
  11. Slough, UK
  12. Glenrothes, Scotland
  13. Cork, Ireland
  14. Swansea Bay, Wales
  15. Bad Hersfeld, Germany
  16. Leipzig, Germany
  17. Orleans, France
  18. Saran, France
  19. Montilemar, France
  20. Sapporo, Japan
  21. Ichikawa, Japan

Business Alliances

  1. Toys "R" Us- The alliance was created in 2000 that will last for ten years.[8]
  2. Borders Group- In 2001 Amazon took-over the online operations of Borders, the second largest bookseller in the US. The company CEO Greg Josefowicz believe that Amazon is better in online retail and the partnership will give better service to Borders' online customers.[9]
  3. Target- The company signed and e-commerce agreement in 2001[10]
  4. National Basketball Association- The partnership was inked in 2003 wherein Amazon will serve as the e-commerce platform for both the men and women's basketball league website.[11]
  5. The Bombay Company-[12]
  6. Diane Von Furstenberg Studio Alliance- In 2005 Amazon announced the DVF studios chose Amazon to create and maintain its websites.[13]
  7. Sears Canada, Inc.- signed an e-commerce alliance with Amazon to develop its online brand and business using the tools and technology that will be provided by Amazon.[14]

Financial Performance

Today, Amazon.com Inc. is not just an e-commerce but it also operates different platforms such as internet technology, fulfillment and logistics, search technology, internet advertising as well as an incubator for start-up internet enterprises. [15]

During the fourth quarter of 2010, the company reported a revenue increase of 36% to $12.95 billion.The company's income increased by 8% to $416 million compared to $384 million in 2009. The company's cash flow operating expenses for the last 12 months in 2010 also increased by 6% at $3.50 billion compared with 3.29 billion in 2009.[16]

According to Jeff Bezoz the company achieved their first $10 billion quarter after customers purchased millions of third generation Kindles. He said, " Kindle books have now overtaken paperback books as the most popular format on Amazon.com." [17]

Other Businesses

Aside from selling products on Amazon store online, the company is also engaged in different businesses such as:[18]

  1. selling e-commerce platforms to other retailers
  2. providing fulfillment and customer service capabilities to other businesses
  3. offering technology infrastructures through a set of web services technologies enabling developers to use the Amazon servers (EC2, S3, SQS)
  4. operates its subsidiary search website A9.com
  5. runs Alexa.com, a a web search and metrics website
  6. manages the internet movie database, IMDb.com
  7. runs Endless.com ( a shoe and handbag store
  8. operates the internet advertising platform, Clickriver.com
  9. manages a human task marketplace called Mechanicalturk.com as well as the question and answer marketplace Askville.com
  10. runs the product wiki Amapedia.com

References