Difference between revisions of "Clement Genty"

From ICANNWiki
Jump to: navigation, search
(Anecdotes)
 
(72 intermediate revisions by the same user not shown)
Line 2: Line 2:
 
|canonicalorganization=Arts & Metiers ParisTech
 
|canonicalorganization=Arts & Metiers ParisTech
 
|organization=Arts & Metiers ParisTech
 
|organization=Arts & Metiers ParisTech
|jobtitle=PhD Candidate
+
|jobtitle=Independent researcher
 
|gender=Male
 
|gender=Male
 
|region=Europe
 
|region=Europe
Line 11: Line 11:
 
|websitename=http://www.genty.info
 
|websitename=http://www.genty.info
 
|website=http://www.genty.info
 
|website=http://www.genty.info
|linkedin=https://www.linkedin.com/in/clementgenty/
+
|linkedin=https://www.linkedin.com/in/drclementgenty/
|twitter=clementgenty
+
|twitter=drclementgenty
 
|portrait=ClémentGenty.jpg
 
|portrait=ClémentGenty.jpg
 
|caricature=ClémentGentyCaricature.jpg
 
|caricature=ClémentGentyCaricature.jpg
Line 19: Line 19:
 
}}
 
}}
 
__FORCETOC__
 
__FORCETOC__
'''Clément Genty''' is a French PhD Candidate at Arts & Metiers ParisTech in industrial engineering and lecturer at the University of Angers. His research focuses on the financial and extrafinancial valuation of [[Domain Name|domain names]]. Genty holds an engineering degree, and is particularly interested in the technical function of the domain name and its [[Domain Name Valuation|value]].  
+
'''Clément Genty''' is an independent French researcher at Arts & Metiers ParisTech in industrial engineering and lecturer at the University of Angers. His research focuses on the financial and extrafinancial valuation of [[Domain Name|domain names]]. Genty holds a PhD from Arts & Metiers ParisTech and an Engineering degree. He is particularly interested in the technical function of the domain name and its [[Domain Name Valuation|value]].  
  
 
At ICANN58, he suggested the creation of new [[TLD]] based on the unused .FX [[Country code top-level domain|ccTLD]] to create a trusted space<ref>http://schd.ws/hosted_files/icann58copenhagen2017/17/4.%20Clement%20Genty-F-ICANN58.pdf</ref>. During the Public Forum, he asked for a better understanding of the Domain Name System, citing his mother who doesn't understand anything. At the end of its answer, [[Göran Marby]], CEO of ICANN added "''Good luck with your mother and explaining it. My mother is 85 and she never figured out what I do or why''"<ref>https://schd.ws/hosted_files/icann58copenhagen2017/60/I58CPH_Thu16Mar2017-Public%20Forum%202-en.pdf</ref>.
 
At ICANN58, he suggested the creation of new [[TLD]] based on the unused .FX [[Country code top-level domain|ccTLD]] to create a trusted space<ref>http://schd.ws/hosted_files/icann58copenhagen2017/17/4.%20Clement%20Genty-F-ICANN58.pdf</ref>. During the Public Forum, he asked for a better understanding of the Domain Name System, citing his mother who doesn't understand anything. At the end of its answer, [[Göran Marby]], CEO of ICANN added "''Good luck with your mother and explaining it. My mother is 85 and she never figured out what I do or why''"<ref>https://schd.ws/hosted_files/icann58copenhagen2017/60/I58CPH_Thu16Mar2017-Public%20Forum%202-en.pdf</ref>.
Line 29: Line 29:
 
At the French version of the ''Three Minutes Thesis'' competition, named ''My Thèse en 180 secondes'', he explained the [[Domaining|Domain Name Industry]] from the point of view of the ccTLD economy and suggested the creation of a [[New gTLD]], the .FRANCE to recreate trust over the [[Domain Name System]].
 
At the French version of the ''Three Minutes Thesis'' competition, named ''My Thèse en 180 secondes'', he explained the [[Domaining|Domain Name Industry]] from the point of view of the ccTLD economy and suggested the creation of a [[New gTLD]], the .FRANCE to recreate trust over the [[Domain Name System]].
  
== Career History ==
+
= Education =
  
 +
== Undergraduate years ==
 +
After its ''baccalauréat'', Genty began its education by a ''BTS Domotique'', a technician certificate about home automation, data governance and telecommunications. For its results, he got a AFDET Honour Award<ref>http://afdet38.free.fr/Prix2008/diapo/slides/_DSC1141.html</ref>.
 +
 +
== Graduate years ==
 +
 +
=== Master of Science ===
 +
Genty's first year in Master of Science in engineering at [http://www.polytech-angers.fr/en/index.html IstiA] in Angers leaded him to work in several factories including the French brand Louis Vuitton where he got once a remark about his personal life, displayed on the Internet. The HR made a mistake by thinking it was him while it was an homonym too talkative on the Internet. Genty registered its first and family name as trademark<ref> Trademark number 4052269</ref> and some domain names. Its passion for the importance of domain names began by this story.
 +
 +
Genty worked as a Innovation officer for the American Chamber of Commerce in Dushanbe, Tajikistan<ref>http://www.amcham.tj/images/1Final-newsletter-AmCham.pdf</ref> where he developped assistance to the establishment of American companies on Tajik soil. Genty helped the French community, the smallest one in the world with less than 40 people. Genty worked with the Tajik registrar [http://promotion.tj/ Promotion] and had some exchanges with [http://www.nic.tj/contacts.html Information Technology Center], the [[.TJ]] domain [[registry]].
 +
 +
After buying a velocipede from the Chief Information Security Officer of the French registrar [https://www.nameshield.com/en/ Nameshield], Genty worked for this company during five years, first as an engineer and then as a researcher, addressing the evolution of naming rules, the resilience of the Internet and the valuation of domain names as intangible assets.
 +
 +
Graduated in 2015 from Istia with an ''Engineering degree'', Genty began a doctoral thesis at Arts & Métiers ParisTech<ref>https://artsetmetiers.fr/en</ref> the following year.
 +
 +
A member of Istia's Board of Directors, Genty was the first doctoral student to join Arts & Metiers ParisTech's Board of Directors<ref>https://www.hesam.eu/sites/default/files/inline-files/Arrete-2018-008-Liste-grands-electeurs-elections-usagers-CA-COMUE-HESAM.pdf</ref> and then at [https://www.hesam.eu/ HESAM]<ref>https://www.hesam.eu/sites/default/files/inline-files/Arrete-2018-011-portant-resultats-elections-usagers-CA-2018.pdf</ref>.
 +
 +
=== PhD Thesis ===
 +
 +
==== History ====
 +
Genty's thesis, funded by the French registrar [[Nameshield]] and by several grants, aimed to understand the mechanisms of domain name valuation. Initially presented as a purely economic study, his thesis mixed computer science, history and economics. Genty's research has made it possible to determine via different PCAs the parameters acting on the value of a name. The database used for semantic calculation was [[DNPrices|DNPRIC.ES]].
 +
 +
==== Results ====
 +
In his thesis<ref>https://pastel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-02193976</ref>, Genty studied scientific publications, popular articles, commercial services including [https://www.estibot.com/ Estibot], [https://www.freevaluator.com/ Freevaluator], [http://www.domainappraisal.org/ Domain Appraisal], [https://domainindex.com/ Domainindex], [https://www.domraider.com/ Domraider], [https://www.siteprice.org/ Siteprice] [https://www.godaddy.com/domain-value-appraisal GoDaddy] and several patents, most of them filed by [[GoDaddy]].
 +
 +
After performing different PCAs, Genty highlighted the correlation effect of price with length, number of words and [[TLD]]. However, the prediction of value proved impossible, with a R² too low to be usable.
 +
 +
For Genty, it is not possible to estimate the domain name value at 1-2-3 and 4 characters in the [[.COM]] [[TLD]]. He thus proposed<ref>http://observatoire-immateriel.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/09/160422_ISO_NDD_Nameshield.pdf</ref> sales ranges and a human analysis while he recommended value equations for the other lengths.
 +
 +
= Positions =
 +
== Domain Names ==
 +
 +
Genty considers domain names to be digital serial numbers, thus giving great interest to what he calls digital urbanism. For Genty, the registries have diverted domain names from their primary function, creating value and removing any identification-trust function. He illustrates this situation through three domain names that he considers emblematic: TACO.COM<ref>TACO.COM</ref>, NISSAN.COM<ref>NISSAN.COM</ref> and LECLERC.FR<ref>http://www.LECLERC.FR</ref>.
 +
 +
Genty compares these developments with [[vanity plates]], [[vanity numbers]] and [[Amateur radio call signs]].
 +
 +
== Delegation of ccTLD ==
 +
 +
For Genty, the creation of [[Generic top-level domain|gTLD]]<nowiki/>s, combined with the creation of [[Country code top-level domain|ccTLD]]<nowiki/>s, has created a digital economy based on the volume of domain name registrations. Companies, as well as countries, when managing their ccTLDs, have preferred to develop a new source of profits rather than use their TLD to structure the national namespace. The examples, mostly Polynesian, point out that the low development of the Internet in the era of ccTLDs made it possible not to worry about the importance of this digital territory.
 +
 +
On the other hand, in France, Genty's country, ccTLD management is still not regulated, some ccTLDs are still not managed by France ([[.GP]], [[.gf|.GF]], [[.MQ]]), or not managed at all ([[.BL]], [[.CP]], [[.FX]], [[.mf|.MF]]).
 +
 +
== Deletion of ccTLD ==
 +
Genty is opposed to the deletion of ccTLD. He quoted on his thesis the example of the Chagos Islands, [[.IO]], and on Nameshield's blog the case of the of the Swaziland, [https://blog.nameshield.com/fr/2018/04/23/swaziland-le-pays-qui-change-de-nom-et-dextension/ .SZ] and Kazakhstan, [https://blog.nameshield.com/fr/2017/03/02/extensions-pays-alphabet-et-code-iso-et-si-le-kazakhstan-changeait-dalphabet-que-deviendrait-le-ke/ .KZ].
 +
 +
In ICANN's calls for comments, Genty [https://mm.icann.org/pipermail/comments-ccnso-pdp3-retire-cctlds-05may20/2020q2/000001.html opposed] the deletion of old ccTLD codes, citing the examples of [[.tv|.TV]] and [[.SU]]. [https://mm.icann.org/pipermail/comments-ccnso-pdp3-retire-cctlds-05may20/2020q3/000002.html Supported] by [[Evgeny Kuskevich]], Genty benefited from ICANN's return, suggesting not the deletion of ccTLDs, "''additional conditions should be taken into account which may call for the preservation of the ccTLD, specifically: The ccTLD can still be of commercial, cultural, historical or other relevant use for a broad community and /or if there is a clear successor state, as recognized by United Nations,than the government of this state may show willingness and interest to go on with supporting the ccTLD, which otherwise could be retired''"[https://www.icann.org/en/system/files/files/report-comments-ccnso-pdp3-retire-cctlds-31jul20-en.pdf].
 +
 +
== Prices of TLD ==
 +
 +
Genty is opposed to the tariff liberalisation of [[TLD]]s, proposing a framework, considering that the market and public knowledge are not ready for such fluctuations. He thus protested against<ref>https://mm.icann.org/pipermail/comments-org-renewal-18mar19/2019q1/000001.html</ref> the tariff evolution of the [[.ORG]], highlighting the absence of competitors (one registry per TLD) and against<ref>https://mm.icann.org/pipermail/comments-info-renewal-18mar19/2019q1/000000.html</ref> the evolution of the [[.INFO]], which he considers to be the first [[gTLD]] for the general public, wanted by the [[IAHC]] and the [[ICANN]]. He made similar comments for the [[.ASIA]]<ref>https://mm.icann.org/pipermail/comments-asia-renewal-27mar19/2019q2/000000.html</ref> and the [[.BIZ]]<ref>https://mm.icann.org/pipermail/comments-biz-renewal-03apr19/2019q2/000000.html</ref>.
 +
 +
== Sale of the .ORG TLD ==
 +
Genty is opposed to the sale of the [[.org|.ORG]] [[Top-Level Domain|TLD]]. In 2019, he has developped a webpage in French, [https://www.sauvonslepointorg.org SAUVONSLEPOINTORG.ORG], similar to the one of the [[NTEN]], [https://savedotorg.org/ SAVEDOTORG.ORG]. In contrast to the NTEN, Genty is not opposed to the sale between two private parties but to the opacity of the sale, taken without consultation with the general public.  In his [[EOI]] written for the election to the [[EURALO|Euralo]] Board of Directors, Genty stated that [[ICANN]] was in the ''FIFAization'' phase<ref>https://community.icann.org/download/attachments/123797525/Genty-Euralo2020.pdf</ref>.
 +
 +
== Trust on the Internet ==
 +
 +
Genty's research makes it possible to define on the example of medical questions, that the young people classify Internet sites according to their extensions, that in .GOUV.FR, the French equivalent of [[.gov|.GOV]], being the most credible. According to Genty, this observation legitimizes the creation of domain names made up of several subdomains.
 +
 +
For Genty, the revamp of the namespace in the trusted zone must be done through a new TLD, either the [[.FX]]<ref>https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01866348/document</ref>, reserved but not used, or the .FRANCE. The [[.fr|.FR]] ccTLD is now considered a commercial zone, as has the [[.com|.COM]] since its inception.
 +
 +
Genty proposed<ref>https://mm.icann.org/pipermail/comments-new-gtld-auction-proceeds-initial-08oct18/2018q4/000021.html</ref><ref>https://www.icann.org/en/system/files/files/report-comments-new-gtld-auction-proceeds-initial-17dec18-en.pdf</ref> to ICANN that a portion of the revenues from the ngTLD program be used for scientific research related to understanding the loss of trust on the Internet following the massive abandonment of naming charters.
 +
 +
== Knowledge of the Internet Governance ==
 +
 +
Genty was the first student to be invited to ICANN via the NextGen program at [[ICANN 58]] and then to [[ICANN62]] via the [[NextGen@ICANN|NextGen]] program. Faced with a lack of French academic reflection, he proposed at a scientific conference in Spain<ref>https://sam.ensam.eu/bitstream/handle/10985/13455/CONFERE17_Genty.pdf</ref> the creation of a French school of [[Internet governance]] and the sensitization of the general public to these issues during a training course for all young French people.
 +
 +
== Valuation of Domain Names ==
 +
 +
Although domain names are considered intangible assets, Genty separates those that can be valued. Indeed, given the rules of creation, delegation and naming charters, many TLDs are not sustainable and therefore render their valuation obsolete. This situation is explained by the need to meet the three conditions resulting from French case law in order to be an intangible asset: a regular source of profits, sufficient sustainability, possible transferability.
 +
If the question of a regular source of profit does not arise, the other two conditions are food for thought:
 +
* Sufficient sustainability: The creation of permissive naming charters and [[ISO 3166]]-1 alpha 2 have created gccTLDs. It is important to remember that some physical territories are hidden behind these TLDs and that it is necessary to question their sustainability: global warming ([[.TV]], Tuvalu), geopolitical evolutions ([[.IO]], British Indian Ocean Territory) or name changes ([[.SZ]], Swaziland),...
 +
* Transferability: Some naming charters have resulted in what Genty has called the right to a name. These domain names are not transferable, thus preventing any transfer. Domain names in [[.GOV]], [[.KP]] or [[.MIL]] are concerned.
 +
 +
= Career History =
 +
 +
==Professional experience==
 
=== AmCham Tajikistan (2013) ===
 
=== AmCham Tajikistan (2013) ===
Worked as a Communication officer for the American Chamber of Commerce in Tajikistan<ref>http://www.amcham.tj/images/1Final-newsletter-AmCham.pdf</ref>. Exchanges with [http://www.nic.tj/contacts.html Information Technology Center], the [[.TJ]] domain [[registry]].
+
Worked as a Innovation officer for the American Chamber of Commerce in Tajikistan<ref>http://www.amcham.tj/images/1Final-newsletter-AmCham.pdf</ref>. Exchanges with [http://www.nic.tj/contacts.html Information Technology Center], the [[.TJ]] domain [[registry]].
 +
=== Nameshield (2014-2019) ===
 +
Worked as a research engineer for the French registrar [[Nameshield]]. Within Nameshield, Genty was interested in naming strategies, this French registrar being specialized in B2B. He has published articles on the valuation of domain names, on naming evolutions and has proposed<ref>https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01868217/document</ref> the Iceberg matrix, considering that a domain name has an emerged part, its semantics, and an immersed part, which he calls criticality (links, traffic, SEO,...). He has published nearly forty articles on the company's blog, in English<ref>https://blog.nameshield.com/blog/author/clgenty/</ref> and in French<ref>https://blog.nameshield.com/fr/author/clgenty/</ref>. During his work, Genty passed a drone pilot license to show<ref>https://blog.nameshield.com/fr/2018/11/14/comment-je-suis-devenu-un-professionnel-de-lair-en-15-minutes/</ref> that it was easy to register a domain name in [[.AERO]].
  
==ICANN and Internet Governance Participation==
+
==Participation in the Internet governance environment==
 +
 
 +
=== ICANN meetings ===
 +
* [[ICANN 70]] in Cancún as a Fellow<ref>https://www.icann.org/resources/pages/fellowship-participants-2019-11-01-en</ref>
 +
* [[ICANN 69]] virtually as a Fellow<ref>https://www.icann.org/resources/pages/fellowship-participants-2019-11-01-en</ref>
 +
* [[ICANN 68]] virtually as a Fellow<ref>https://www.icann.org/resources/pages/fellowship-participants-2019-11-01-en</ref>
 +
* [[ICANN 67]] virtually as a Fellow<ref>https://www.icann.org/resources/pages/fellowship-participants-2019-11-01-en</ref>
 +
* [[ICANN 66]] in Montreal with a Atlas III travel support<ref>https://community.icann.org/display/ATLAS3/ATLAS+III+Funded+Travelers</ref>
 +
* [[ICANN 65]] remotely
 +
* [[ICANN 64]] remotely
 +
* [[ICANN 63]] remotely
 +
* [[ICANN 62]] in Panama City as a NextGen Ambassador<ref>https://www.icann.org/news/announcement-2018-04-06-en</ref>
 
* [[ICANN 58]] in Copenhagen is Clement's first [[ICANN]] Meeting, which he attended as part of the [[NextGen@ICANN|NextGen]] Program<ref>https://www.icann.org/news/announcement-2016-12-02-en</ref>
 
* [[ICANN 58]] in Copenhagen is Clement's first [[ICANN]] Meeting, which he attended as part of the [[NextGen@ICANN|NextGen]] Program<ref>https://www.icann.org/news/announcement-2016-12-02-en</ref>
* [[AFNIC]] member as an individual user<ref>https://www.afnic.fr/en/about-afnic/presentation/members/individual-user-members-3.html
+
 
</ref>  
+
=== Dialogue on Internet Governance ===
 +
* [[EuroDIG]] 2018 with a grant from [[EURALO]]<ref>https://community.icann.org/download/attachments/93128097/EURALO%20Annual%20Report%202017%20-%202018.pdf</ref>
 +
 
 +
=== Summer Schools on Internet Governance ===
 +
* Fellow 2020 of the [[India School on Internet Governance]]<ref>https://insig.in/?page_id=22</ref>. Genty was the first European to attend the inSIG's courses.
 +
* Fellow 2017 of [[Euro-SSIG|Eurossig]] <ref>https://eurossig.eu/eurossig/summer-school-impressions/pictures-and-archives/2017-edition/fellows/clement-genty/</ref>
 +
 
 +
=== Involvement in Internet governance ===
 +
* [[AFNIC]] member as an individual user (student)<ref>https://www.afnic.fr/en/about-afnic/presentation/members/individual-user-members-3.html</ref>  
 
* [[EURALO]] member as an individual user<ref>http://individualusers.org/our-members-community/</ref>
 
* [[EURALO]] member as an individual user<ref>http://individualusers.org/our-members-community/</ref>
* Fellow 2017 of [[Euro-SSIG|Eurossig]] <ref>https://eurossig.eu/eurossig/summer-school-impressions/pictures-and-archives/2017-edition/fellows/clement-genty/</ref>
+
 
* [[ICANN 62]] in Panama City as a NextGen Ambassador<ref>https://www.icann.org/news/announcement-2018-04-06-en</ref>
+
=== Application to the ICANN Board of Directors ===
 +
In 2019, Genty applied to Nomcom to become a member of the ICANN Board of Directors. For him, ICANN's three challenges are as follows:<blockquote>''The first is geopolitical. I think that Chinese and Russian decisions are problematic and that it is important to create a reflection around the organisation of a summit for a single Internet. The same applies to communication between peoples.'' </blockquote><blockquote>''The second is the general public. As long as the Internet is working, everything is fine.  However, it seems important to communicate to the general public about Internet governance. As a member of the Board of Directors, I will seek to establish research  laboratories in different countries, at least one per continent. Hence my willingness to communicate with my profile as a young researcher.''</blockquote><blockquote>''The third and last is economic. ICANN's economy is linked to domain name registrations. The 2012 opening has resulted in nearly fifty abandoned TLD and it is important that ICANN be at the side of the registries to improve the technological capabilities of these new extensions and at the side of communicators and agencies to improve knowledge on these new extensions and avoid new cases of badbuzz, such as BLOOMBERG.MARKET.''</blockquote>Supported by several registries and researchers, Genty was not selected.
  
 
==Education==
 
==Education==
* PhD Candidate in industrial Engineering at Arts & Metiers ParisTech<ref>http://lampa.ensam.eu/doctorants-pi-133073.kjsp</ref><ref>http://www.theses.fr/en/s150263</ref>
+
* PhD in industrial Engineering at Arts & Metiers ParisTech<ref>http://lampa.ensam.eu/doctorants-pi-133073.kjsp</ref><ref>http://www.theses.fr/s154607</ref><ref>https://pastel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-02193976</ref>
 
* Listener of the first International Session of Security-Justice, organised by the INHESJ at the EHESP<ref>https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do;jsessionid=80CA0E6E872116B6616DE75D72DE3FBE.tplgfr35s_3?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000036758008&dateTexte=&oldAction=rechJO&categorieLien=id&idJO=JORFCONT000036757756</ref>
 
* Listener of the first International Session of Security-Justice, organised by the INHESJ at the EHESP<ref>https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do;jsessionid=80CA0E6E872116B6616DE75D72DE3FBE.tplgfr35s_3?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000036758008&dateTexte=&oldAction=rechJO&categorieLien=id&idJO=JORFCONT000036757756</ref>
 
* Engineer Degree in industrial Engineering at IstiA Innovation
 
* Engineer Degree in industrial Engineering at IstiA Innovation
  
 +
= Scientific production =
 
==Publications==
 
==Publications==
 
Clement Genty is the author and co-author of several publications:
 
Clement Genty is the author and co-author of several publications:
 +
* Does Mc Donald’s properly manage its domain names ? Time management: proposal of the iceberg method fordomain name categorization<ref>https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01868217/document</ref>
 
* Trust on the Internet: how the French ccTLD .FR went from a remarkable to a speculative system<ref>https://www.thinkmind.org/index.php?view=article&articleid=internet_2017_2_20_40010</ref> - Best Paper Award<ref name=":0">https://www.iaria.org/conferences2017/AwardsINTERNET17.html</ref>  
 
* Trust on the Internet: how the French ccTLD .FR went from a remarkable to a speculative system<ref>https://www.thinkmind.org/index.php?view=article&articleid=internet_2017_2_20_40010</ref> - Best Paper Award<ref name=":0">https://www.iaria.org/conferences2017/AwardsINTERNET17.html</ref>  
 
* ''Représentation sur Internet : comment adopter une stratégie de dépot de noms de domaine coherente avec la réalité du marché. Suivi des évolutions d’usage des réseaux sociaux et des moteurs de recherche''. Representation on the Internet: how to adopt a domain name registration strategy consistent with the reality of the market. Tracking changes of the use of social networks and search engines  
 
* ''Représentation sur Internet : comment adopter une stratégie de dépot de noms de domaine coherente avec la réalité du marché. Suivi des évolutions d’usage des réseaux sociaux et des moteurs de recherche''. Representation on the Internet: how to adopt a domain name registration strategy consistent with the reality of the market. Tracking changes of the use of social networks and search engines  
Line 56: Line 155:
  
 
==Workshop Presentations==
 
==Workshop Presentations==
* ''Faites comme Jordan Belfort: misez peu, gagnez gros''. Act like Jordan Belfort: bet a little, win a lot
+
* ''Valorisation des noms de domaine au titre des actifs immatériels. Entre couche sémantique, technique et gouvernance de l’Internet.'' Valuation of domain names as intangible assets. Between the semantic, technical and governance layers of the Internet
 +
*''Faites comme Jordan Belfort: misez peu, gagnez gros''. Act like Jordan Belfort: bet a little, win a lot
 
* ''Sur Internet, faisons confiance à Hector Guimard''. On the Internet, trust Hector Guimard.
 
* ''Sur Internet, faisons confiance à Hector Guimard''. On the Internet, trust Hector Guimard.
 
* Domain name valuation: Typology and verification of research hypotheses.
 
* Domain name valuation: Typology and verification of research hypotheses.
Line 66: Line 166:
  
 
==Teaching==
 
==Teaching==
*''La gouvernance de l'Internet appliqué au monde de l'entreprise''. The Internet Governance applied to the business world. Catholic University of the West
+
*''La gouvernance de l'Internet appliqué au monde de l'entreprise''. The Internet Governance applied to the business world. Institut Catholique de l'Ouest
*''Identité numérique''. Numeric Identity. University of Angers
+
*''Identité numérique''. Numeric Identity. Université d'Angers
  
 
==Awards==
 
==Awards==
* IDEX-INT HESAM Université Grant - Field research in Cote d'Ivoire to see the management of the [[.ci|.CI]] [[Country code top-level domain|ccTLD]] <ref>http://www.hesam.eu/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/180228_CP_8LaureatsHFA.pdf</ref><ref>http://www.hesam.eu/blog/le-jury-du-programme-idex-int-dhesam-universite-accorde-8-bourses-de-mobilite-sortante-vers-la-cote-divoire/</ref>
+
* Fellow Program ([[ICANN 67]])
 +
* ATLAS III travel support<ref>https://community.icann.org/display/ATLAS3/ATLAS+III+Funded+Travelers</ref> ([[ICANN 66]])
 +
* IDEX-INT HESAM Université Grant - Field research in Cote d'Ivoire to see the management of the [[.ci|.CI]] [[Country code top-level domain|ccTLD]] <ref>http://www.hesam.eu/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/180228_CP_8LaureatsHFA.pdf</ref><ref>http://www.hesam.eu/blog/le-jury-du-programme-idex-int-dhesam-universite-accorde-8-bourses-de-mobilite-sortante-vers-la-cote-divoire/</ref><ref>[https://www.hesam.eu/temoignage-864]</ref>
 +
* Community Regional Outreach Pilot Program ([[EuroDIG]] 2018)<ref>https://community.icann.org/download/attachments/93128097/EURALO%20Annual%20Report%202017%20-%202018.pdf</ref>
 
* NextGen Ambassador Program ([[ICANN 62]])
 
* NextGen Ambassador Program ([[ICANN 62]])
 
* [[NextGen at ICANN|NextGen]] Program ([[ICANN 58]])
 
* [[NextGen at ICANN|NextGen]] Program ([[ICANN 58]])
 
* Best Paper Award<ref name=":0" />
 
* Best Paper Award<ref name=":0" />
 
* Debayle Grant
 
* Debayle Grant
* CIFRE grant
+
* CIFRE Grant
 +
* Passeport Avenir Grant
 +
* AFDET Award<ref>http://bruno.ravet.free.fr/afdet/Prix2008/diapo/slides/_DSC1141.html</ref>
 +
 
 +
== Anecdotes ==
 +
Registered on eBay since 2002, Genty uses the nickname Hotguy372, used in the series Friends by Joey<ref>https://tvquot.es/friends/quote/xbhyjx/</ref>.
  
 +
As a candidate in the municipal elections in Meursault, France, Genty used the [[domain hack]] [http://www.Meursau.lt meursau.lt] as a campaign site. Faced with the winemakers' misunderstanding, he changed to a more traditional domain name.
 
== References ==
 
== References ==

Latest revision as of 20:28, 19 October 2020

ClémentGenty.jpg
ClémentGentyCaricature.jpg
Organization: Arts & Metiers ParisTech
Affiliation: NextGen@ICANN
Stakeholder Group(s): Academia
Region: Europe
Country: France
Email: clement.genty [@] ensam.eu
Website:

LinkIcon.png   http://www.genty.info

LinkedIn: LinkedInIcon.png   Clement Genty
Twitter: TwitterIcon.png   @drclementgenty


Clément Genty is an independent French researcher at Arts & Metiers ParisTech in industrial engineering and lecturer at the University of Angers. His research focuses on the financial and extrafinancial valuation of domain names. Genty holds a PhD from Arts & Metiers ParisTech and an Engineering degree. He is particularly interested in the technical function of the domain name and its value.

At ICANN58, he suggested the creation of new TLD based on the unused .FX ccTLD to create a trusted space[1]. During the Public Forum, he asked for a better understanding of the Domain Name System, citing his mother who doesn't understand anything. At the end of its answer, Göran Marby, CEO of ICANN added "Good luck with your mother and explaining it. My mother is 85 and she never figured out what I do or why"[2].

In 2017, he made a proposal to resume French possession of Julia Island, an island located at the south of Italia, by creating an economy linked to a dedicated ccTLD, which he named .JU[3].

Member of EURALO, he was an unsuccessful candidate for the election at the board of 2017-2019[4]. Its Expression Of Interest[5] expressed the will to create the first French School of Internet of Governance, École Française de la Gouvernance de l'Internet[6], expected to start by 2018.

At the French version of the Three Minutes Thesis competition, named My Thèse en 180 secondes, he explained the Domain Name Industry from the point of view of the ccTLD economy and suggested the creation of a New gTLD, the .FRANCE to recreate trust over the Domain Name System.

Education

Undergraduate years

After its baccalauréat, Genty began its education by a BTS Domotique, a technician certificate about home automation, data governance and telecommunications. For its results, he got a AFDET Honour Award[7].

Graduate years

Master of Science

Genty's first year in Master of Science in engineering at IstiA in Angers leaded him to work in several factories including the French brand Louis Vuitton where he got once a remark about his personal life, displayed on the Internet. The HR made a mistake by thinking it was him while it was an homonym too talkative on the Internet. Genty registered its first and family name as trademark[8] and some domain names. Its passion for the importance of domain names began by this story.

Genty worked as a Innovation officer for the American Chamber of Commerce in Dushanbe, Tajikistan[9] where he developped assistance to the establishment of American companies on Tajik soil. Genty helped the French community, the smallest one in the world with less than 40 people. Genty worked with the Tajik registrar Promotion and had some exchanges with Information Technology Center, the .TJ domain registry.

After buying a velocipede from the Chief Information Security Officer of the French registrar Nameshield, Genty worked for this company during five years, first as an engineer and then as a researcher, addressing the evolution of naming rules, the resilience of the Internet and the valuation of domain names as intangible assets.

Graduated in 2015 from Istia with an Engineering degree, Genty began a doctoral thesis at Arts & Métiers ParisTech[10] the following year.

A member of Istia's Board of Directors, Genty was the first doctoral student to join Arts & Metiers ParisTech's Board of Directors[11] and then at HESAM[12].

PhD Thesis

History

Genty's thesis, funded by the French registrar Nameshield and by several grants, aimed to understand the mechanisms of domain name valuation. Initially presented as a purely economic study, his thesis mixed computer science, history and economics. Genty's research has made it possible to determine via different PCAs the parameters acting on the value of a name. The database used for semantic calculation was DNPRIC.ES.

Results

In his thesis[13], Genty studied scientific publications, popular articles, commercial services including Estibot, Freevaluator, Domain Appraisal, Domainindex, Domraider, Siteprice GoDaddy and several patents, most of them filed by GoDaddy.

After performing different PCAs, Genty highlighted the correlation effect of price with length, number of words and TLD. However, the prediction of value proved impossible, with a R² too low to be usable.

For Genty, it is not possible to estimate the domain name value at 1-2-3 and 4 characters in the .COM TLD. He thus proposed[14] sales ranges and a human analysis while he recommended value equations for the other lengths.

Positions

Domain Names

Genty considers domain names to be digital serial numbers, thus giving great interest to what he calls digital urbanism. For Genty, the registries have diverted domain names from their primary function, creating value and removing any identification-trust function. He illustrates this situation through three domain names that he considers emblematic: TACO.COM[15], NISSAN.COM[16] and LECLERC.FR[17].

Genty compares these developments with vanity plates, vanity numbers and Amateur radio call signs.

Delegation of ccTLD

For Genty, the creation of gTLDs, combined with the creation of ccTLDs, has created a digital economy based on the volume of domain name registrations. Companies, as well as countries, when managing their ccTLDs, have preferred to develop a new source of profits rather than use their TLD to structure the national namespace. The examples, mostly Polynesian, point out that the low development of the Internet in the era of ccTLDs made it possible not to worry about the importance of this digital territory.

On the other hand, in France, Genty's country, ccTLD management is still not regulated, some ccTLDs are still not managed by France (.GP, .GF, .MQ), or not managed at all (.BL, .CP, .FX, .MF).

Deletion of ccTLD

Genty is opposed to the deletion of ccTLD. He quoted on his thesis the example of the Chagos Islands, .IO, and on Nameshield's blog the case of the of the Swaziland, .SZ and Kazakhstan, .KZ.

In ICANN's calls for comments, Genty opposed the deletion of old ccTLD codes, citing the examples of .TV and .SU. Supported by Evgeny Kuskevich, Genty benefited from ICANN's return, suggesting not the deletion of ccTLDs, "additional conditions should be taken into account which may call for the preservation of the ccTLD, specifically: The ccTLD can still be of commercial, cultural, historical or other relevant use for a broad community and /or if there is a clear successor state, as recognized by United Nations,than the government of this state may show willingness and interest to go on with supporting the ccTLD, which otherwise could be retired"[1].

Prices of TLD

Genty is opposed to the tariff liberalisation of TLDs, proposing a framework, considering that the market and public knowledge are not ready for such fluctuations. He thus protested against[18] the tariff evolution of the .ORG, highlighting the absence of competitors (one registry per TLD) and against[19] the evolution of the .INFO, which he considers to be the first gTLD for the general public, wanted by the IAHC and the ICANN. He made similar comments for the .ASIA[20] and the .BIZ[21].

Sale of the .ORG TLD

Genty is opposed to the sale of the .ORG TLD. In 2019, he has developped a webpage in French, SAUVONSLEPOINTORG.ORG, similar to the one of the NTEN, SAVEDOTORG.ORG. In contrast to the NTEN, Genty is not opposed to the sale between two private parties but to the opacity of the sale, taken without consultation with the general public. In his EOI written for the election to the Euralo Board of Directors, Genty stated that ICANN was in the FIFAization phase[22].

Trust on the Internet

Genty's research makes it possible to define on the example of medical questions, that the young people classify Internet sites according to their extensions, that in .GOUV.FR, the French equivalent of .GOV, being the most credible. According to Genty, this observation legitimizes the creation of domain names made up of several subdomains.

For Genty, the revamp of the namespace in the trusted zone must be done through a new TLD, either the .FX[23], reserved but not used, or the .FRANCE. The .FR ccTLD is now considered a commercial zone, as has the .COM since its inception.

Genty proposed[24][25] to ICANN that a portion of the revenues from the ngTLD program be used for scientific research related to understanding the loss of trust on the Internet following the massive abandonment of naming charters.

Knowledge of the Internet Governance

Genty was the first student to be invited to ICANN via the NextGen program at ICANN 58 and then to ICANN62 via the NextGen program. Faced with a lack of French academic reflection, he proposed at a scientific conference in Spain[26] the creation of a French school of Internet governance and the sensitization of the general public to these issues during a training course for all young French people.

Valuation of Domain Names

Although domain names are considered intangible assets, Genty separates those that can be valued. Indeed, given the rules of creation, delegation and naming charters, many TLDs are not sustainable and therefore render their valuation obsolete. This situation is explained by the need to meet the three conditions resulting from French case law in order to be an intangible asset: a regular source of profits, sufficient sustainability, possible transferability. If the question of a regular source of profit does not arise, the other two conditions are food for thought:

  • Sufficient sustainability: The creation of permissive naming charters and ISO 3166-1 alpha 2 have created gccTLDs. It is important to remember that some physical territories are hidden behind these TLDs and that it is necessary to question their sustainability: global warming (.TV, Tuvalu), geopolitical evolutions (.IO, British Indian Ocean Territory) or name changes (.SZ, Swaziland),...
  • Transferability: Some naming charters have resulted in what Genty has called the right to a name. These domain names are not transferable, thus preventing any transfer. Domain names in .GOV, .KP or .MIL are concerned.

Career History

Professional experience

AmCham Tajikistan (2013)

Worked as a Innovation officer for the American Chamber of Commerce in Tajikistan[27]. Exchanges with Information Technology Center, the .TJ domain registry.

Nameshield (2014-2019)

Worked as a research engineer for the French registrar Nameshield. Within Nameshield, Genty was interested in naming strategies, this French registrar being specialized in B2B. He has published articles on the valuation of domain names, on naming evolutions and has proposed[28] the Iceberg matrix, considering that a domain name has an emerged part, its semantics, and an immersed part, which he calls criticality (links, traffic, SEO,...). He has published nearly forty articles on the company's blog, in English[29] and in French[30]. During his work, Genty passed a drone pilot license to show[31] that it was easy to register a domain name in .AERO.

Participation in the Internet governance environment

ICANN meetings

Dialogue on Internet Governance

Summer Schools on Internet Governance

Involvement in Internet governance

Application to the ICANN Board of Directors

In 2019, Genty applied to Nomcom to become a member of the ICANN Board of Directors. For him, ICANN's three challenges are as follows:
The first is geopolitical. I think that Chinese and Russian decisions are problematic and that it is important to create a reflection around the organisation of a summit for a single Internet. The same applies to communication between peoples.
The second is the general public. As long as the Internet is working, everything is fine.  However, it seems important to communicate to the general public about Internet governance. As a member of the Board of Directors, I will seek to establish research  laboratories in different countries, at least one per continent. Hence my willingness to communicate with my profile as a young researcher.
The third and last is economic. ICANN's economy is linked to domain name registrations. The 2012 opening has resulted in nearly fifty abandoned TLD and it is important that ICANN be at the side of the registries to improve the technological capabilities of these new extensions and at the side of communicators and agencies to improve knowledge on these new extensions and avoid new cases of badbuzz, such as BLOOMBERG.MARKET.
Supported by several registries and researchers, Genty was not selected.

Education

  • PhD in industrial Engineering at Arts & Metiers ParisTech[44][45][46]
  • Listener of the first International Session of Security-Justice, organised by the INHESJ at the EHESP[47]
  • Engineer Degree in industrial Engineering at IstiA Innovation

Scientific production

Publications

Clement Genty is the author and co-author of several publications:

  • Does Mc Donald’s properly manage its domain names ? Time management: proposal of the iceberg method fordomain name categorization[48]
  • Trust on the Internet: how the French ccTLD .FR went from a remarkable to a speculative system[49] - Best Paper Award[50]
  • Représentation sur Internet : comment adopter une stratégie de dépot de noms de domaine coherente avec la réalité du marché. Suivi des évolutions d’usage des réseaux sociaux et des moteurs de recherche. Representation on the Internet: how to adopt a domain name registration strategy consistent with the reality of the market. Tracking changes of the use of social networks and search engines
  • Finding Yourself on the Internet: Proposing a Fair and Reliable System
  • La valorisation des actifs immatériels numériques , une pratique nécessaire. Revue des méthodes existantes et proposition d’une analyse technico-économique Digital intangible assets valuation, a necessary Practice. Review of existing methods and propose an economical and technical analysis
  • Noms de domaine et marques d'entreprise: de la disruption des politiques de nommage à celle des usages[51]

Workshop Presentations

  • Valorisation des noms de domaine au titre des actifs immatériels. Entre couche sémantique, technique et gouvernance de l’Internet. Valuation of domain names as intangible assets. Between the semantic, technical and governance layers of the Internet
  • Faites comme Jordan Belfort: misez peu, gagnez gros. Act like Jordan Belfort: bet a little, win a lot
  • Sur Internet, faisons confiance à Hector Guimard. On the Internet, trust Hector Guimard.
  • Domain name valuation: Typology and verification of research hypotheses.
  • Pitcairn: l’économie numérique au service des mutins ! Pitcairn: the digital economy at the service of the mutineers !
  • Le cybersquattage des username analogue à celui des noms de domaine ? Is the cybersquatting of usernames similar to that of domain names?

Book Chapters

  • Transmission du patrimoine africain: le défi du numérique au service d’une tradition immatérielle. Transmission of African heritage: the digital challenge in the service of an intangible tradition. In Patrimoine culturel Africain. Matériau pour l'histoire, outil de développement[52]

Teaching

  • La gouvernance de l'Internet appliqué au monde de l'entreprise. The Internet Governance applied to the business world. Institut Catholique de l'Ouest
  • Identité numérique. Numeric Identity. Université d'Angers

Awards

Anecdotes

Registered on eBay since 2002, Genty uses the nickname Hotguy372, used in the series Friends by Joey[59].

As a candidate in the municipal elections in Meursault, France, Genty used the domain hack meursau.lt as a campaign site. Faced with the winemakers' misunderstanding, he changed to a more traditional domain name.

References

  1. http://schd.ws/hosted_files/icann58copenhagen2017/17/4.%20Clement%20Genty-F-ICANN58.pdf
  2. https://schd.ws/hosted_files/icann58copenhagen2017/60/I58CPH_Thu16Mar2017-Public%20Forum%202-en.pdf
  3. http://www.objectifjulia.fr/
  4. https://community.icann.org/display/EURALO/EURALO+Board+2017-2019+Workspace
  5. https://community.icann.org/display/EURALO/EURALO+Board+2017-2019+Workspace?preview=/74583166/74586259/EOI-Genty-Euralo.pdf
  6. http://efgi.fr/
  7. http://afdet38.free.fr/Prix2008/diapo/slides/_DSC1141.html
  8. Trademark number 4052269
  9. http://www.amcham.tj/images/1Final-newsletter-AmCham.pdf
  10. https://artsetmetiers.fr/en
  11. https://www.hesam.eu/sites/default/files/inline-files/Arrete-2018-008-Liste-grands-electeurs-elections-usagers-CA-COMUE-HESAM.pdf
  12. https://www.hesam.eu/sites/default/files/inline-files/Arrete-2018-011-portant-resultats-elections-usagers-CA-2018.pdf
  13. https://pastel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-02193976
  14. http://observatoire-immateriel.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/09/160422_ISO_NDD_Nameshield.pdf
  15. TACO.COM
  16. NISSAN.COM
  17. http://www.LECLERC.FR
  18. https://mm.icann.org/pipermail/comments-org-renewal-18mar19/2019q1/000001.html
  19. https://mm.icann.org/pipermail/comments-info-renewal-18mar19/2019q1/000000.html
  20. https://mm.icann.org/pipermail/comments-asia-renewal-27mar19/2019q2/000000.html
  21. https://mm.icann.org/pipermail/comments-biz-renewal-03apr19/2019q2/000000.html
  22. https://community.icann.org/download/attachments/123797525/Genty-Euralo2020.pdf
  23. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01866348/document
  24. https://mm.icann.org/pipermail/comments-new-gtld-auction-proceeds-initial-08oct18/2018q4/000021.html
  25. https://www.icann.org/en/system/files/files/report-comments-new-gtld-auction-proceeds-initial-17dec18-en.pdf
  26. https://sam.ensam.eu/bitstream/handle/10985/13455/CONFERE17_Genty.pdf
  27. http://www.amcham.tj/images/1Final-newsletter-AmCham.pdf
  28. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01868217/document
  29. https://blog.nameshield.com/blog/author/clgenty/
  30. https://blog.nameshield.com/fr/author/clgenty/
  31. https://blog.nameshield.com/fr/2018/11/14/comment-je-suis-devenu-un-professionnel-de-lair-en-15-minutes/
  32. https://www.icann.org/resources/pages/fellowship-participants-2019-11-01-en
  33. https://www.icann.org/resources/pages/fellowship-participants-2019-11-01-en
  34. https://www.icann.org/resources/pages/fellowship-participants-2019-11-01-en
  35. https://www.icann.org/resources/pages/fellowship-participants-2019-11-01-en
  36. https://community.icann.org/display/ATLAS3/ATLAS+III+Funded+Travelers
  37. https://www.icann.org/news/announcement-2018-04-06-en
  38. https://www.icann.org/news/announcement-2016-12-02-en
  39. https://community.icann.org/download/attachments/93128097/EURALO%20Annual%20Report%202017%20-%202018.pdf
  40. https://insig.in/?page_id=22
  41. https://eurossig.eu/eurossig/summer-school-impressions/pictures-and-archives/2017-edition/fellows/clement-genty/
  42. https://www.afnic.fr/en/about-afnic/presentation/members/individual-user-members-3.html
  43. http://individualusers.org/our-members-community/
  44. http://lampa.ensam.eu/doctorants-pi-133073.kjsp
  45. http://www.theses.fr/s154607
  46. https://pastel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-02193976
  47. https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do;jsessionid=80CA0E6E872116B6616DE75D72DE3FBE.tplgfr35s_3?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000036758008&dateTexte=&oldAction=rechJO&categorieLien=id&idJO=JORFCONT000036757756
  48. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01868217/document
  49. https://www.thinkmind.org/index.php?view=article&articleid=internet_2017_2_20_40010
  50. 50.0 50.1 https://www.iaria.org/conferences2017/AwardsINTERNET17.html
  51. http://sam.ensam.eu/handle/10985/11149
  52. http://www.editions-harmattan.fr/index.asp?navig=catalogue&obj=livre&no=58226
  53. https://community.icann.org/display/ATLAS3/ATLAS+III+Funded+Travelers
  54. http://www.hesam.eu/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/180228_CP_8LaureatsHFA.pdf
  55. http://www.hesam.eu/blog/le-jury-du-programme-idex-int-dhesam-universite-accorde-8-bourses-de-mobilite-sortante-vers-la-cote-divoire/
  56. [2]
  57. https://community.icann.org/download/attachments/93128097/EURALO%20Annual%20Report%202017%20-%202018.pdf
  58. http://bruno.ravet.free.fr/afdet/Prix2008/diapo/slides/_DSC1141.html
  59. https://tvquot.es/friends/quote/xbhyjx/