Difference between revisions of "DNSO"

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'''DNSO''' is the abbreviation for the '''Domain Name Supporting Organization''', one of the three supporting organizations of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) called under the ICANN by-laws. It has now been succeeded by the Generic Names Supporting Organization ([[GNSO]]).<ref>[http://www.apricot.net/apricot99/dnso/cfp-singapore.html apricot.net]</ref> The DNSO advised the ICANN Board about handling issues related to the Domain Name System ([[DNS]]). The DNSO was primarily established with an agenda about how and when to expand Internet by adding new top-level domain names other than the .com. <ref name="link2">[http://www.media-visions.com/icann-dnso.htm#Responsibilities media-visions.com]</ref>
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'''DNSO''' is the abbreviation for the '''Domain Name Supporting Organization''', one of the three [[ICANN]] supporting organizations called for under the ICANN by-laws. It has now been succeeded by the Generic Names Supporting Organization ([[GNSO]]).<ref>[http://www.apricot.net/apricot99/dnso/cfp-singapore.html apricot.net]</ref> The DNSO advised the ICANN Board about handling issues related to the Domain Name System ([[DNS]]). Its primary agenda was to discuss how and when to expand the Internet by adding new [[TLD]]s beyond [[.com]].<ref name="link2">[http://www.media-visions.com/icann-dnso.htm#Responsibilities media-visions.com]</ref>
  
 
== Structure ==
 
== Structure ==
  
The DNSO had two bodies known as the Names Council (NC), which mostly comprised of the elected representatives from the DNSO Constituencies and the other being the General Assembly (GA) comprising of the all interested entities and individuals. <ref name="link2">[http://www.media-visions.com/icann-dnso.htm#Responsibilities media-visions.com]</ref>
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The DNSO was comprised of two bodies: the Names Council (NC), which was made up of elected representatives from the DNSO Constituencies, and the General Assembly (GA), made up of all interested entities and individuals.<ref name="link2">[http://www.media-visions.com/icann-dnso.htm#Responsibilities media-visions.com]</ref>
  
 
== DNSO Constituencies ==
 
== DNSO Constituencies ==
  
 
The initial constituencies of the DNSO were as follows:
 
The initial constituencies of the DNSO were as follows:
* ccTLD Registries  
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* [[ccTLD]] [[Registries]]
* gTLD Registries
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* [[gTLD]] Registries
 
* Commercial and Business entities  
 
* Commercial and Business entities  
 
* Non-Commercial Domain Name Holders
 
* Non-Commercial Domain Name Holders
* Internet Service Providers (ISPs) and Connectivity Providers
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* Internet Service Providers ([[ISP]]s) and Connectivity Providers
 
* Trademark
 
* Trademark
* Registrars <ref name="link2">[http://www.media-visions.com/icann-dnso.htm#Responsibilities media-visions.com]</ref>
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* [[Registrars]] <ref name="link2">[http://www.media-visions.com/icann-dnso.htm#Responsibilities media-visions.com]</ref>
  
 
== DNSO Process ==
 
== DNSO Process ==
  
# The DNSO carries out the function of serving as an advisory to the [[ICANN Board]] and to provide the Board with substantive policies related to the Domain Name System.  
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# The DNSO serves in an advisory role to the [[ICANN Board]] and provides the Board with substantive policies related to the [[DNS]].  
# The recommendations provided to the Board by the DNS first need to build a consensus before submitting it to the ICANN Board.  
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# The recommendations provided to the ICANN Board by the DNSO first needed to build a consensus before being submitted to the Board.  
# All the recommendations made by the DNSO to the Board are transferred to all the Supporting Organizations so that they can comment to the Board under the purview of their responsibilities.
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# All the recommendations made by the DNSO to the Board are made open to all Supporting Organizations ([[SO]]s) so that they can comment.
  
 
The ICANN Board accepts the recommendations of the DNSO only if it thinks that:
 
The ICANN Board accepts the recommendations of the DNSO only if it thinks that:
  
 
* The policy is in the interest of the Corporation and helps to further the purposes of the Corporation  
 
* The policy is in the interest of the Corporation and helps to further the purposes of the Corporation  
* The policy is in consistent with the Articles and Bylaws of the Corporation
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* The policy is consistent with the Articles and Bylaws of the Corporation
 
* The policy was framed through an open and fair process
 
* The policy was framed through an open and fair process
 
* The policy is not opposed by other Supporting Organizations
 
* The policy is not opposed by other Supporting Organizations
* The Board would not adopt any recommendation of the DNSO unless the votes are sufficient for adoption and are in favor of adoption by the Board excluding the votes of the DNSO-selected Directors.
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* The Board would not adopt any recommendation by the DNSO unless the votes, excluding those of the DNSO-selected Directors, are in favor of adoption by the Board
* If the Board is not satisfied with a recommendation then it can return it to the DNSO for further consideration. It will cite the reasons for its declination of the recommendation. If the DNSO still doesn’t recommend an acceptable policy then the ICANN Board may initiate, modify or amend and then approve the recommendation. <ref name="link2">[http://www.media-visions.com/icann-dnso.htm#Responsibilities media-visions.com]</ref>
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* If the Board is not satisfied with a recommendation then it can return it to the DNSO for further consideration, citing the reasons for its declination. If the DNSO still fails to make the policy acceptable, then the ICANN Board may initiate, modify or amend and then approve the recommendation.<ref name="link2">[http://www.media-visions.com/icann-dnso.htm#Responsibilities media-visions.com]</ref>
  
 
== Current situation of the DNSO ==
 
== Current situation of the DNSO ==
  
The responsibilities of DNSO have now been undertaken by the Generic Names Supporting Organization (GNSO) of ICANN. <ref>[http://www.dnso.org/ dnso.org]</ref> The DNSO has now been succeeded by the GNSO that relates to the generic top-level domain names. The ICANN by-laws have specified three supporting organizations to which the GNSO would belong. The main role of the Supporting Organizations (SOs) would be to encourage diverse and international participation in the arena of technical management of the Internet and to promote the development of Internet policy. <ref>[http://gnso.icann.org/ gnso.icann.org]</ref>
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Starting in 2003, the responsibilities of the DNSO were undertaken by the Generic Names Supporting Organization (GNSO).<ref>[http://www.dnso.org/ dnso.org]</ref>
  
 
== References ==
 
== References ==

Revision as of 19:46, 5 April 2011

UnderConstruction.png

DNSO is the abbreviation for the Domain Name Supporting Organization, one of the three ICANN supporting organizations called for under the ICANN by-laws. It has now been succeeded by the Generic Names Supporting Organization (GNSO).[1] The DNSO advised the ICANN Board about handling issues related to the Domain Name System (DNS). Its primary agenda was to discuss how and when to expand the Internet by adding new TLDs beyond .com.[2]

Structure

The DNSO was comprised of two bodies: the Names Council (NC), which was made up of elected representatives from the DNSO Constituencies, and the General Assembly (GA), made up of all interested entities and individuals.[2]

DNSO Constituencies

The initial constituencies of the DNSO were as follows:

  • ccTLD Registries
  • gTLD Registries
  • Commercial and Business entities
  • Non-Commercial Domain Name Holders
  • Internet Service Providers (ISPs) and Connectivity Providers
  • Trademark
  • Registrars [2]

DNSO Process

  1. The DNSO serves in an advisory role to the ICANN Board and provides the Board with substantive policies related to the DNS.
  2. The recommendations provided to the ICANN Board by the DNSO first needed to build a consensus before being submitted to the Board.
  3. All the recommendations made by the DNSO to the Board are made open to all Supporting Organizations (SOs) so that they can comment.

The ICANN Board accepts the recommendations of the DNSO only if it thinks that:

  • The policy is in the interest of the Corporation and helps to further the purposes of the Corporation
  • The policy is consistent with the Articles and Bylaws of the Corporation
  • The policy was framed through an open and fair process
  • The policy is not opposed by other Supporting Organizations
  • The Board would not adopt any recommendation by the DNSO unless the votes, excluding those of the DNSO-selected Directors, are in favor of adoption by the Board
  • If the Board is not satisfied with a recommendation then it can return it to the DNSO for further consideration, citing the reasons for its declination. If the DNSO still fails to make the policy acceptable, then the ICANN Board may initiate, modify or amend and then approve the recommendation.[2]

Current situation of the DNSO

Starting in 2003, the responsibilities of the DNSO were undertaken by the Generic Names Supporting Organization (GNSO).[3]

References