Difference between revisions of "DNSO"

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Prior to 2003, the '''Domain Name Supporting Organization''' ('''DNSO''') was one of the three [[ICANN]] [[SO|supporting organizations]] called for under the [[ICANN Bylaws]].<ref>[http://www.dnso.org/ dnso.org]</ref> It has since been replaced by the [[GNSO|Generic Names Supporting Organization]] (GNSO).<ref>[http://www.apricot.net/apricot99/dnso/cfp-singapore.html apricot.net]</ref> The DNSO advised the ICANN Board about handling issues related to the [[DNS|Domain Name System]] (DNS). Its primary agenda was to discuss how and when to expand the Internet by adding new [[TLD]]s beyond [[.com]].<ref name="link2">[http://www.media-visions.com/icann-dnso.htm#Responsibilities media-visions.com]</ref>
'''DNSO''' is the abbreviation for the '''Domain Name Supporting Organization''', one of the three supporting organizations of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) called under the ICANN by-laws. It has now been succeeded by the Generic Names Supporting Organization ([[GNSO]]).<ref>[http://www.apricot.net/apricot99/dnso/cfp-singapore.html apricot.net]</ref> The DNSO advised the ICANN Board about handling issues related to the Domain Name System ([[DNS]]). The DNSO was primarily established with an agenda about how and when to expand Internet by adding new top-level domain names other than the .com. <ref name="link2">[http://www.media-visions.com/icann-dnso.htm#Responsibilities media-visions.com]</ref>
 
  
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The DNSO chair at the time of restructuring, [[Thomas Roessler]], wrote "At some point of time between 9:10 and 9:40 a.m. Amsterdam time on Sunday [15 December 2002], the DNSO ceased to be (and will, perhaps not unlike a phoenix from the ashes, become the GNSO).." His entire farewell email can be found [http://www.dnso.org/clubpublic/ga/Arc11/msg01325.html here].
 
== Structure ==
 
== Structure ==
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The DNSO was comprised of two bodies: the Names Council (NC), which was made up of elected representatives from the DNSO Constituencies, and the General Assembly (GA), made up of all interested entities and individuals.<ref name="link2">[http://www.media-visions.com/icann-dnso.htm#Responsibilities media-visions.com]</ref>
  
The DNSO had two bodies known as the Names Council (NC), which mostly comprised of the elected representatives from the DNSO Constituencies and the other being the General Assembly (GA) comprising of the all interested entities and individuals. <ref name="link2">[http://www.media-visions.com/icann-dnso.htm#Responsibilities media-visions.com]</ref>
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One of the biggest complaints with the structuring of the DNSO came from [[ccTLD]] registry operators, who felt that the SO was mainly concerned with gTLDs and that they needed their own separate organization. On October, 29, 2002, the country code managers emphasized their dissatisfaction by withdrawing completely from the DNSO.<ref>[http://www.ccwhois.org/elections/ Elections, ccWHois.org]</ref> This action prompted and expedited the transition to the [[GNSO]], which was created in December, 2002. Work began on creating the [[Country Code Names Supporting Organization]] (ccNSO) in September, 2002, culminating in the creation of the ccNSO at [[ICANN Montreal]] in June, 2003.<ref>[http://law.bepress.com/context/uiuclwps/article/1097/viewcontent Law.Bepress.com]</ref>
 
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=== DNSO Constituencies ===
== DNSO Constituencies ==
 
  
 
The initial constituencies of the DNSO were as follows:
 
The initial constituencies of the DNSO were as follows:
* ccTLD Registries  
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* [[ccTLD]] [[Registry|Registries]]
* gTLD Registries
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* [[gTLD]] Registries
 
* Commercial and Business entities  
 
* Commercial and Business entities  
 
* Non-Commercial Domain Name Holders
 
* Non-Commercial Domain Name Holders
* Internet Service Providers (ISPs) and Connectivity Providers
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* [[ISP|Internet Service Providers]] (ISPs) and Connectivity Providers
 
* Trademark
 
* Trademark
* Registrars <ref name="link2">[http://www.media-visions.com/icann-dnso.htm#Responsibilities media-visions.com]</ref>
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* [[Registrar]]s<ref name="link2">[http://www.media-visions.com/icann-dnso.htm#Responsibilities media-visions.com]</ref>
  
 
== DNSO Process ==
 
== DNSO Process ==
  
# The DNSO carries out the function of serving as an advisory to the [[ICANN Board]] and to provide the Board with substantive policies related to the Domain Name System.  
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# The DNSO served in an advisory role to the [[ICANN Board]] and provided the Board with substantive policies related to the [[DNS]].  
# The recommendations provided to the Board by the DNS first need to build a consensus before submitting it to the ICANN Board.  
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# The DNSO first needed to reach a consensus before submitting requests to the Board.  
# All the recommendations made by the DNSO to the Board are transferred to all the Supporting Organizations so that they can comment to the Board under the purview of their responsibilities.
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# All the recommendations made by the DNSO to the Board were made open to all [[SO|Supporting Organizations]] (SOs) so that they could comment.
  
The ICANN Board accepts the recommendations of the DNSO only if it thinks that:
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The ICANN Board accepted the recommendations of the DNSO only if:
  
 
* The policy is in the interest of the Corporation and helps to further the purposes of the Corporation  
 
* The policy is in the interest of the Corporation and helps to further the purposes of the Corporation  
* The policy is in consistent with the Articles and Bylaws of the Corporation
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* The policy is consistent with the Articles and Bylaws of the Corporation
 
* The policy was framed through an open and fair process
 
* The policy was framed through an open and fair process
 
* The policy is not opposed by other Supporting Organizations
 
* The policy is not opposed by other Supporting Organizations
* The Board would not adopt any recommendation of the DNSO unless the votes are sufficient for adoption and are in favor of adoption by the Board excluding the votes of the DNSO-selected Directors.
 
* If the Board is not satisfied with a recommendation then it can return it to the DNSO for further consideration. It will cite the reasons for its declination of the recommendation. If the DNSO still doesn’t recommend an acceptable policy then the ICANN Board may initiate, modify or amend and then approve the recommendation. <ref name="link2">[http://www.media-visions.com/icann-dnso.htm#Responsibilities media-visions.com]</ref>
 
 
== Current situation of the DNSO ==
 
  
The responsibilities of DNSO have now been undertaken by the Generic Names Supporting Organization (GNSO) of ICANN. <ref>[http://www.dnso.org/ dnso.org]</ref> The DNSO has now been succeeded by the GNSO that relates to the generic top-level domain names. The ICANN by-laws have specified three supporting organizations to which the GNSO would belong. The main role of the Supporting Organizations (SOs) would be to encourage diverse and international participation in the arena of technical management of the Internet and to promote the development of Internet policy. <ref>[http://gnso.icann.org/ gnso.icann.org]</ref>
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The Board would not adopt any recommendation by the DNSO unless the votes, excluding those of the DNSO-selected Directors, are in favor of adoption by the Board. If the Board is not satisfied with a recommendation then it can return it to the DNSO for further consideration, citing the reasons for its declination. If the DNSO still fails to make the policy acceptable, then the ICANN Board may initiate, modify or amend and then approve the recommendation.<ref name="link2">[http://www.media-visions.com/icann-dnso.htm#Responsibilities media-visions.com]</ref>
  
 
== References ==
 
== References ==
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{{reflist}}
 
{{reflist}}
  
[[category: glossary]]
 
  
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[[Category:Glossary]]
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[[category: ICANN Bodies]]
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[[Category:Articles with Chinese]]
 
__NOTOC__
 
__NOTOC__

Latest revision as of 18:31, 23 February 2017

Prior to 2003, the Domain Name Supporting Organization (DNSO) was one of the three ICANN supporting organizations called for under the ICANN Bylaws.[1] It has since been replaced by the Generic Names Supporting Organization (GNSO).[2] The DNSO advised the ICANN Board about handling issues related to the Domain Name System (DNS). Its primary agenda was to discuss how and when to expand the Internet by adding new TLDs beyond .com.[3]

The DNSO chair at the time of restructuring, Thomas Roessler, wrote "At some point of time between 9:10 and 9:40 a.m. Amsterdam time on Sunday [15 December 2002], the DNSO ceased to be (and will, perhaps not unlike a phoenix from the ashes, become the GNSO).." His entire farewell email can be found here.

Structure

The DNSO was comprised of two bodies: the Names Council (NC), which was made up of elected representatives from the DNSO Constituencies, and the General Assembly (GA), made up of all interested entities and individuals.[3]

One of the biggest complaints with the structuring of the DNSO came from ccTLD registry operators, who felt that the SO was mainly concerned with gTLDs and that they needed their own separate organization. On October, 29, 2002, the country code managers emphasized their dissatisfaction by withdrawing completely from the DNSO.[4] This action prompted and expedited the transition to the GNSO, which was created in December, 2002. Work began on creating the Country Code Names Supporting Organization (ccNSO) in September, 2002, culminating in the creation of the ccNSO at ICANN Montreal in June, 2003.[5]

DNSO Constituencies

The initial constituencies of the DNSO were as follows:

DNSO Process

  1. The DNSO served in an advisory role to the ICANN Board and provided the Board with substantive policies related to the DNS.
  2. The DNSO first needed to reach a consensus before submitting requests to the Board.
  3. All the recommendations made by the DNSO to the Board were made open to all Supporting Organizations (SOs) so that they could comment.

The ICANN Board accepted the recommendations of the DNSO only if:

  • The policy is in the interest of the Corporation and helps to further the purposes of the Corporation
  • The policy is consistent with the Articles and Bylaws of the Corporation
  • The policy was framed through an open and fair process
  • The policy is not opposed by other Supporting Organizations

The Board would not adopt any recommendation by the DNSO unless the votes, excluding those of the DNSO-selected Directors, are in favor of adoption by the Board. If the Board is not satisfied with a recommendation then it can return it to the DNSO for further consideration, citing the reasons for its declination. If the DNSO still fails to make the policy acceptable, then the ICANN Board may initiate, modify or amend and then approve the recommendation.[3]

References