Difference between revisions of "ICANN 101"

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m (added links to gtld and cctld)
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::<h3>GNSO</h3>
 
::<h3>GNSO</h3>
 
::: ''Main article: [[GNSO]]''
 
::: ''Main article: [[GNSO]]''
:: The GNSO is an ICANN [[SO|Supporting Organization]]. It supports the ICANN Board by developing policies, forming consensus, and making recommendations related to [[Generic top-level domain|gTLD]]<nowiki/>s.
+
:: The '''Generic Names Supporting Organization (GNSO)''' supports the ICANN Board by developing policies, forming consensus, and making recommendations related to [[Generic top-level domain|gTLD]]<nowiki/>s.
  
 
::<h3>ccNSO</h3>
 
::<h3>ccNSO</h3>
 
::: ''Main article: [[ccNSO]]''
 
::: ''Main article: [[ccNSO]]''
:: The ccNSO is an ICANN Supporting Organization.  It supports the ICANN Board by developing policies, forming consensus, and making recommendations related to [[Country code top-level domain|ccTLD]]<nowiki/>s.
+
:: The '''Country Code Names Supporting Organization (ccNSO)''' supports the ICANN Board by developing policies, forming consensus, and making recommendations related to [[Country code top-level domain|ccTLD]]<nowiki/>s.
  
 
::<h3>ASO</h3>
 
::<h3>ASO</h3>
 
::: ''Main article: [[ASO]]''
 
::: ''Main article: [[ASO]]''
:: The ASO is an ICANN Supporting Organization. It supports the ICANN Board by developing policies, forming consensus, and making recommendations related to [[Internet Protocol]] and addresses.
+
:: The '''Address Supporting Organization (ASO)''' supports the ICANN Board by developing policies, forming consensus, and making recommendations related to [[Internet Protocol]] and addresses.
  
 
::<h3>GAC</h3>
 
::<h3>GAC</h3>
 
::: ''Main article: [[GAC]]''
 
::: ''Main article: [[GAC]]''
::The GAC, or Government Advisory Committee, is a committee made up of representatives from various governments to advise the ICANN Board on public policy issues, national laws, and international agreements.
+
::The '''Government Advisory Committee (GAC)''' is consists of representatives from various governments and advises the ICANN Board on public policy issues, national laws, and international agreements.
  
 +
::<h3>ALAC</h3>
 +
::: ''Main article: [[ALAC]]''
 +
::The '''At-Large Advisory Committee (ALAC)''' presents the voices and concerns of individual Internet users, as represented by the At-Large Community.
 +
 
::<h3>RSSAC</h3>
 
::<h3>RSSAC</h3>
 
::: ''Main article: [[RSSAC]]''
 
::: ''Main article: [[RSSAC]]''
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::<h3>SSAC</h3>
 
::<h3>SSAC</h3>
 
::: ''Main article: [[SSAC]]''
 
::: ''Main article: [[SSAC]]''
::The '''Security and Stability Advisory Committee''' ('''SSAC''') advises the [[ICANN Board]] on matters related to the security and integrity of domain names and the allocation of [[IP]] addresses, including but not limited to security assurance for operational matters, administrative matters and registrations matters.
+
::The '''Security and Stability Advisory Committee''' ('''SSAC''') advises the ICANN Board on matters related to the security and integrity of domain names and the allocation of [[IP]] addresses, including but not limited to security assurance for operational matters, administrative matters and registrations matters.
  
 
::<h3>NomCom</h3>
 
::<h3>NomCom</h3>
 
::: ''Main article: [[Nominating Committee]]''
 
::: ''Main article: [[Nominating Committee]]''
:: The Nominating Committee, or NomCom, is in charge of selecting various ICANN officers. It is designed to operate independently of all other ICANN Bodies, and to act in the interest of the global internet community.
+
:: The '''Nominating Committee (NomCom)''' is in charge of selecting various ICANN officers. It is designed to operate independently of all other ICANN Bodies, and to act in the interest of the global internet community.
 +
 
 +
::<h3>Ombudsman</h3>
 +
::: ''Main article: [[Ombudsman]]''
 +
:: The '''Ombudsman''' acts as an informal dispute resolution office for members of the ICANN community who wish to lodge complaints about ICANN staff, board, or supporting organizations.
 +
 
 +
::<h3>IETF</h3>
 +
::: ''Main article: [[IETF]]''
 +
The '''Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)''' is a large open international community of network designers, operators, vendors, and researchers concerned with the evolution of the Internet architecture and the smooth operation of the Internet.
  
 
==Registry==
 
==Registry==
 
: ''Main article: [[Registry]]''
 
: ''Main article: [[Registry]]''
A registry is the database of all domain names registered under a certain TLD. A registry operator, also called a NIC or network information center, is responsible for managing this database. They contract with registrars, who are accredited to sell domains under the TLD.
+
A '''registry''' is the database of all domain names registered under a certain TLD. A registry operator, also called a NIC or network information center, is responsible for managing this database. They contract with registrars, who are accredited to sell domains under the TLD.
  
 
==Registrar==
 
==Registrar==
 
: ''Main article: [[Registrar]]''
 
: ''Main article: [[Registrar]]''
A registrar is a company that is authorized to sell domain names.
+
A '''registrar''' is a company that is authorized to sell domain names.
  
 
==Registrant==
 
==Registrant==
A registrant is a person who has registered a domain name through a registrar.
+
A '''registrant''' is a person who has registered a domain name through a registrar.
  
 
==DNS==
 
==DNS==
 
: ''Main article: [[DNS]]''
 
: ''Main article: [[DNS]]''
 
: ''See also: [[DNSSEC]]''
 
: ''See also: [[DNSSEC]]''
The DNS, or Domain Name System, is the system that translates between alphanumeric domain names and [[IP Address]]es.
+
The '''Domain Name System (DNS)''' translates between alphanumeric domain names and [[IP Address]]es.
  
 
==TLD==
 
==TLD==
 
: ''Main article: [[TLD]]''
 
: ''Main article: [[TLD]]''
A TLD, or Top Level Domain, is the last part of a domain name, for example: [[.com]], [[.net]], [[.org]]. The two most prominent types of TLDs are gTLDs and ccTLDs.
+
A '''Top Level Domain (TLD)''' is the last part of a domain name; for example, [[.com]], [[.net]], [[.org]]. The two most prominent types of TLDs are gTLDs and ccTLDs.
  
 
===gTLD===
 
===gTLD===
 
: ''Main article: [[gTLD]]''
 
: ''Main article: [[gTLD]]''
A Generic Top Level Domain, or gTLD, is basically any TLD that is not a ccTLD. Previously, gTLDs were limited to being three or more characters. But with the addition of the New gTLD program, two character gTLDs may now be registered. Examples of gTLDs include [[.com]], [[.org]], and [[.info]]. [[sTLD]]s, such as [[.travel]], and [[GeoTLD]]s, such as [[.asia]] and [[.cat]], are a subset of gTLDs.
+
A '''Generic Top-Level Domain (gTLD)''' refers to any TLD that is not a ccTLD. Previously, gTLDs were limited to being three or more characters. But with the addition of the New TLD program, two character gTLDs may now be registered. Examples of gTLDs include [[.com]], [[.org]], and [[.info]]. [[sTLD]]s, such as [[.travel]], and [[GeoTLD]]s, such as [[.asia]] and [[.cat]], are a subset of gTLDs.
  
:: <h4>New gTLD Program</h4>
+
<h4>New gTLD Program</h4>
:: The [[new gTLD Program]] is a newly approved process by which ICANN will be accepting applications to add new TLDs to the [[Root Zone]]. Check out our [[New gTLD Resources]] page.
+
:''Main article: [[new gTLD Program]]''
 +
:''See also: [[New gTLD Resources]]''
 +
The '''new gTLD Program''' is a process by which ICANN accepts applications to add new TLDs to the [[Root Zone]].  
  
 
===ccTLD===
 
===ccTLD===
 
: ''Main article: [[ccTLD]]''
 
: ''Main article: [[ccTLD]]''
A Country-Code Top Level Domain, or ccTLD, is a TLD with two characters, specifically designed for a particular country, sovereign state or autonomous territory. [[.uk]], [[.de]], and [[.cn]] are all examples of ccTLDs.
+
A '''Country-Code Top Level Domain (ccTLD)''' is a TLD with two characters, specifically designed for a particular country, sovereign state or autonomous territory. [[.uk]], [[.de]], and [[.cn]] are all examples of ccTLDs.
  
 
==IP==
 
==IP==
 
: ''Main article: [[Internet Protocol]]''
 
: ''Main article: [[Internet Protocol]]''
: ''See also: [[IPv4]], [[IPv6]], [[Internet Protocol Suite]]
+
: ''See also: ''[[IPv4]], [[IPv6]], [[Internet Protocol Suite]]''
Internet Protocol is the means by which data is sent from one computer to another via an Internet connection.
+
'''Internet Protocol (IP)''' is the means by which data is sent from one computer to another via an Internet connection.
 
 
== IDN ==
 
''Main article: [[IDN]]''
 
  
IDN (Internationalized Domain Names) are formed using characters from different scripts, such as Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic or Devanagari. These are encoded by the Unicode standard and used as allowed by relevant IDN protocols.  
+
== IDNs ==
 +
:''Main article: [[IDN]]s''
 +
'''Internationalized Domain Names (IDNs)''' are formed using characters from different scripts, such as Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, or Devanagari. These are encoded by the Unicode standard and used as allowed by relevant IDN protocols.  
  
 
[[Category:Getting started]]
 
[[Category:Getting started]]

Revision as of 17:57, 4 January 2021

Icons 101.png

Welcome to the world of ICANN!

If you are new, or even if you aren't, here are a list of important terms that you may need to know.

ICANN

ICANN stands for the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers. It is a private, non-profit organization for the management of the Internet DNS, IP Addresses and Autonomous System Numbers, and the structures that underlie them. It runs on an international, multi-stakeholder model.

ICANN
About this image

MAIN ARTICLE:
Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)

SEE ALSO:
ICANN Board
ICANN Staff
ICANN Meetings
ICANN Bodies

ICANN Organizational Chart

ICANN Organizational Chart

GNSO

Main article: GNSO
The Generic Names Supporting Organization (GNSO) supports the ICANN Board by developing policies, forming consensus, and making recommendations related to gTLDs.

ccNSO

Main article: ccNSO
The Country Code Names Supporting Organization (ccNSO) supports the ICANN Board by developing policies, forming consensus, and making recommendations related to ccTLDs.

ASO

Main article: ASO
The Address Supporting Organization (ASO) supports the ICANN Board by developing policies, forming consensus, and making recommendations related to Internet Protocol and addresses.

GAC

Main article: GAC
The Government Advisory Committee (GAC) is consists of representatives from various governments and advises the ICANN Board on public policy issues, national laws, and international agreements.

ALAC

Main article: ALAC
The At-Large Advisory Committee (ALAC) presents the voices and concerns of individual Internet users, as represented by the At-Large Community.

RSSAC

Main article: RSSAC
The Root Server System Advisory Committee (RSSAC) advises the ICANN Community and Board on issues pertaining to the operation, administration, security, and integrity of the Internet's Root Server System.

SSAC

Main article: SSAC
The Security and Stability Advisory Committee (SSAC) advises the ICANN Board on matters related to the security and integrity of domain names and the allocation of IP addresses, including but not limited to security assurance for operational matters, administrative matters and registrations matters.

NomCom

Main article: Nominating Committee
The Nominating Committee (NomCom) is in charge of selecting various ICANN officers. It is designed to operate independently of all other ICANN Bodies, and to act in the interest of the global internet community.

Ombudsman

Main article: Ombudsman
The Ombudsman acts as an informal dispute resolution office for members of the ICANN community who wish to lodge complaints about ICANN staff, board, or supporting organizations.

IETF

Main article: IETF

The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) is a large open international community of network designers, operators, vendors, and researchers concerned with the evolution of the Internet architecture and the smooth operation of the Internet.

Registry

Main article: Registry

A registry is the database of all domain names registered under a certain TLD. A registry operator, also called a NIC or network information center, is responsible for managing this database. They contract with registrars, who are accredited to sell domains under the TLD.

Registrar

Main article: Registrar

A registrar is a company that is authorized to sell domain names.

Registrant

A registrant is a person who has registered a domain name through a registrar.

DNS

Main article: DNS
See also: DNSSEC

The Domain Name System (DNS) translates between alphanumeric domain names and IP Addresses.

TLD

Main article: TLD

A Top Level Domain (TLD) is the last part of a domain name; for example, .com, .net, .org. The two most prominent types of TLDs are gTLDs and ccTLDs.

gTLD

Main article: gTLD

A Generic Top-Level Domain (gTLD) refers to any TLD that is not a ccTLD. Previously, gTLDs were limited to being three or more characters. But with the addition of the New TLD program, two character gTLDs may now be registered. Examples of gTLDs include .com, .org, and .info. sTLDs, such as .travel, and GeoTLDs, such as .asia and .cat, are a subset of gTLDs.

New gTLD Program

Main article: new gTLD Program
See also: New gTLD Resources

The new gTLD Program is a process by which ICANN accepts applications to add new TLDs to the Root Zone.

ccTLD

Main article: ccTLD

A Country-Code Top Level Domain (ccTLD) is a TLD with two characters, specifically designed for a particular country, sovereign state or autonomous territory. .uk, .de, and .cn are all examples of ccTLDs.

IP

Main article: Internet Protocol
See also: IPv4, IPv6, Internet Protocol Suite

Internet Protocol (IP) is the means by which data is sent from one computer to another via an Internet connection.

IDNs

Main article: IDNs

Internationalized Domain Names (IDNs) are formed using characters from different scripts, such as Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, or Devanagari. These are encoded by the Unicode standard and used as allowed by relevant IDN protocols.