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اهلا بكم في عالم الايكان !

اذا كنت جديدا في هذا العالم ، وحتى لم تكن جديدا، اليك قائمه ببعض المصطلحات التي قد تحتاج لمعرفتها.

ايكان ICANN

ايكان هي اختصار لاسم شركة الإنترنت للأسماء والأرقام المخصصة ،,اسماء النطاقات. مؤسسة خاصة غير ربحية لادارة الانترنت ،,اسماء النطاقات DNS, عناوين البروتوكولات ، وارقام النظام الذاتي لسجلات الانترنت , والهيكله التي تندرج تحتها. وتعمل حسب نموذج تعددية الاطراف.

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شركة الإنترنت للأسماء والأرقام المخصصة (ICANN)

ICANN Meetings
ICANN Bodies

ICANN Organizational Chart

ICANN Organizational Chart


المقاله الاساسية : منظمة دعم الأسماء العامة GNSO
The GNSO is an ICANN Supporting Organization. تعتبر من المؤسسات الداعمة ل الايكان ). وتدعم مجلس ادارة الايكان بوضع سياسات، جمع توافق اراء , وتقديم التوصيات المتعلقه بنطاقات المستويات العليا العالمية gTLDs.


المقاله الاساسية : ccNSO
The ccNSO is an ICANN Supporting Organization. It supports the ICANN Board by developing policies, forming consensus, and making recommendations related to ccTLDs.


المقاله الاساسية : ASO
The ASO is an ICANN Supporting Organization. It supports the ICANN Board by developing policies, forming consensus, and making recommendations related to Internet Protocol and addresses.


المقاله الاساسية : GAC
The GAC, or Government Advisory Committee, is a committee made up of representatives from various governments to advise the ICANN Board on public policy issues, national laws, and international agreements.


المقاله الاساسية : RSSAC
The Root Server System Advisory Committee (RSSAC) advises the ICANN Community and Board on issues pertaining to the operation, administration, security, and integrity of the Internet's Root Server System.


المقاله الاساسية : SSAC
The Security and Stability Advisory Committee (SSAC) advises the ICANN Board on matters related to the security and integrity of domain names and the allocation of IP addresses, including but not limited to security assurance for operational matters, administrative matters and registrations matters.


المقاله الاساسية : Nominating Committee
The Nominating Committee, or NomCom, is in charge of selecting various ICANN officers. It is designed to operate independently of all other ICANN Bodies, and to act in the interest of the global internet community.


المقاله الاساسية : Registry

A registry is the database of all domain names registered under a certain TLD. A registry operator, also called a NIC or network information center, is responsible for managing this database. They contract with registrars, who are accredited to sell domains under the TLD.


المقاله الاساسية : Registrar

A registrar is a company that is authorized to sell domain names.


A registrant is a person who has registered a domain name through a registrar.


المقاله الاساسية : DNS
See also: DNSSEC

The DNS, or Domain Name System, is the system that translates between alphanumeric domain names and IP Addresses.


المقاله الاساسية : TLD

A TLD, or Top Level Domain, is the last part of a domain name, for example: .com, .net, .org. The two most prominent types of TLDs are gTLDs and ccTLDs.


المقاله الاساسية : gTLD

A Generic Top Level Domain, or gTLD, is basically any TLD that is not a ccTLD. Previously, gTLDs were limited to being three or more characters. But with the addition of the New gTLD program, two character gTLDs may now be registered. Examples of gTLDs include .com, .org, and .info. sTLDs, such as .travel, and GeoTLDs, such as .asia and .cat, are a subset of gTLDs.

New gTLD Program

The new gTLD Program is a newly approved process by which ICANN will be accepting applications to add new TLDs to the Root Zone. Check out our New gTLD Resources page.


المقاله الاساسية : ccTLD

A Country-Code Top Level Domain, or ccTLD, is a TLD with two characters, specifically designed for a particular country, sovereign state or autonomous territory. .uk, .de, and .cn are all examples of ccTLDs.


المقاله الاساسية : Internet Protocol
See also: IPv4, IPv6, Internet Protocol Suite

Internet Protocol is the means by which data is sent from one computer to another via an Internet connection.