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Industry: Internet
Founded: Sweden, 1997
Ownership: TU-stiftelsen
Headquarters: Franzéngatan 5,
112 51 Stockholm
Country: Sweden
Facebook: Netnod
LinkedIn: Netnod
Twitter: TwitterIcon.png@netnod
Key People
Kurt Erik Lindqvist, CEO
Håkan Hellström, Operations Manager

Nurani Nimpuno, Outreach and Communications Manager

Netnod is a non-profit, independent Internet infrastructure organization based in Sweden. The company operates six Internet Exchange Points (IXPs) located in five major Swedish cities (Stockholm, Gothenburg, Malmo, Sundsvall and Luleå). Netnod handles among the highest amount of traffic per peer in Europe.It is fully IPv6 enabled.

Netnod also has hands-on experience in providing value added services like RIPE Internet Routing Registry (IRR); Bredbandskollen, which is a speed test service; DNS root server, which is the thirteenth ranked logical DNS Root Name Server; and distribution of Swedish official time through NTP (Network Time Protocol). It also provides anycast and unicast slave services to variety of TLDs worldwide with the help of its product DNSNODE.[1]


The first IXP in Sweden was set up in 1992 when the Swedish University’s Computer Network (SUNET), Telia and Tele2 wanted to exchange traffic with each other. SUNET developed a neutral IXP based at Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan (KTH) in Stockholm which connected all three operators. Major changes were seen when the Internet grew and Netnod formulated a second and independent exchange point in Stockholm in 1997. It was in the year 1999 that consultants of Netnod became active in the international Internet scene. In 2000 a subsidiary of Netnod was formed and was named Autonomica. It focused on research and smooth operation of .SE’s slave servers at various exchange points. It also took over the responsibility of root name server from NORDUnet. Many of Netnod's services were offered by Autonomica. In 2010 it was merged with Netnod, leaving a single name. [2] In 2009, Netnod built DWDM system at the Telecity to reduce the cost of connecting to Netnod. Recently, Netnod installed two route servers in Stockholm to ease the process of peering administration for the operators. Recently, Netnod installed two route servers in Stockholm to ease the process of peering administration for the operators. [3]

IX services

Netnod is the largest IXP provider in Scandinavia and one of the oldest in Europe.

Netnod's exchange points are categorized under layer 2 service built on Gigabit Ethernet technology. The connections are offered at the speed of 10Gbps or 1Gbps. This mode of service is preferred by most consumers as it offers a robust and reliable Internet exchange infrastructure. It also involves the direct exchange of traffic, bringing down the cost of transit and private interconnections. Additionally, if traffic from own of Netnod's IXPs interacts with another of their IXPs, costs are further brought down, speed is considerably increased, and redundancy is reduced.[4]


Netnod’s board is responsible for strategy planning and adopting measures for the achievement of long term goals, as well as ensuring that ongoing activities will lead to a positive outcome. It also deals with such practical matters as deciding the annual budget. Board members are appointed by the foundation who owns the company, TU-stiftelsen. Board meetings are held six times a year.[5]

Partners and co-operation

Netnod partners with members of the worldwide Internet community as part of its mission, which is to work for the "Good of the Internet." A few of Netnod's many national, international and regional partners are: