New gTLD Objection
The New gTLD Objection and Dispute Resolution process was laid out in the Applicant Guidebook of the New gTLD Program. The process gives business, applicants, organizations, and individuals a way to give objection arguments as to why a certain TLD should not be delegated. These formal objections will be arbitrated by an assigned organization, called a Dispute Resolution Service Provider (DRSP). A panelist from the DRSP hears written arguments from the objector and the applicant, and determines if the application prevails or the objector prevails.
The filing period for objections to New gTLDs began 13 June 2012 and lasted until 13 March 2013. The received objections then moved to the dispute resolutions process. ICANN estimated that it would take 5 months to decide most objections. 262 formal objections were filed (taken into account string applications that withdrew, leaving the objection unnecessary) during the filing period. As of December 2013, more than 200 objections had been decided.
Filing a formal objection costs between $5,000-$13,000 per party depending on the DRSP. Some of the fees are born solely on the objector and are non-refundable. Other fees are paid by both the objector and the applicant, and are reimbursed to the party that prevails in the case.
Types of Formal Objections
- String Confusion Objections
Main article: String Confusion Objection
Objector argues that Internet users will be confused between the applied-for string and an existing TLD, because the strings appear to be similar or share letters or meaning.
- Legal Right Objections
The objector argues that an applied-for string violates the legal rights of the objector.
- Limited Public Interest Objections
The objector argues that the applied-for string goes against accepted legal or moral norms recognized under international law.
- Community Objections
Main article: Community Objection
Objector argues that a substantial portion of the community that the applied-for string targets is against the delegation of that string.
Dispute Resolution Service Providers
There are three organizations that were selected to determine objections.
- The International Centre for Dispute Resolution (ICDR), a division of AAA, will decide all String Confusion Objections.
- The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) will decide all Legal Rights Objections.
- The International Center of Expertise of the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) will decide Limited Public Interest and Community Objections.