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:: The '''Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)''' is a large open international community of network designers, operators, vendors, and researchers concerned with the evolution of the Internet architecture and the smooth operation of the Internet.
 
:: The '''Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)''' is a large open international community of network designers, operators, vendors, and researchers concerned with the evolution of the Internet architecture and the smooth operation of the Internet.
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==Registry==
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: ''Main article: [[Registry]]''
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A '''registry''' is the database of all domain names registered under a certain TLD. A registry operator, also called a NIC or network information center, is responsible for managing this database. They contract with registrars, who are accredited to sell domains under the TLD.
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==Registrar==
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: ''Main article: [[Registrar]]''
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A '''registrar''' is a company that is authorized to sell domain names.
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==Registrant==
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A '''registrant''' is a person who has registered a domain name through a registrar.
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==DNS==
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: ''Main article: [[DNS]]''
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: ''See also: [[DNSSEC]]''
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The '''Domain Name System (DNS)''' translates between alphanumeric domain names and [[IP Address]]es.
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==TLD==
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: ''Main article: [[TLD]]''
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A '''Top Level Domain (TLD)''' is the last part of a domain name; for example, [[.com]], [[.net]], [[.org]]. The two most prominent types of TLDs are gTLDs and ccTLDs.
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===gTLD===
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: ''Main article: [[gTLD]]''
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A '''Generic Top-Level Domain (gTLD)''' refers to any TLD that is not a ccTLD. Previously, gTLDs were limited to being three or more characters. But with the addition of the New TLD program, two character gTLDs may now be registered. Examples of gTLDs include [[.com]], [[.org]], and [[.info]]. [[sTLD]]s, such as [[.travel]], and [[GeoTLD]]s, such as [[.asia]] and [[.cat]], are a subset of gTLDs.
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<h4>New gTLD Program</h4>
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:''Main article: [[new gTLD Program]]''
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:''See also: [[New gTLD Resources]]''
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The '''new gTLD Program''' is a process by which ICANN accepts applications to add new TLDs to the [[Root Zone]].
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===ccTLD===
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: ''Main article: [[ccTLD]]''
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A '''Country-Code Top Level Domain (ccTLD)''' is a TLD with two characters, specifically designed for a particular country, sovereign state or autonomous territory. [[.uk]], [[.de]], and [[.cn]] are all examples of ccTLDs.
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==IP==
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: ''Main article: [[Internet Protocol]]''
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: ''See also: ''[[IPv4]], [[IPv6]], [[Internet Protocol Suite]]''
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'''Internet Protocol (IP)''' is the means by which data is sent from one computer to another via an Internet connection.
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== IDNs ==
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:''Main article: [[IDN]]s''
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'''Internationalized Domain Names (IDNs)''' are formed using characters from different scripts, such as Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, or Devanagari. These are encoded by the Unicode standard and used as allowed by relevant IDN protocols.
      
[[Category:Getting started]]
 
[[Category:Getting started]]
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