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International Telecommunication Union

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Other opponents include the European Parliament, who published a resolution stating that such a change could "negatively impact the internet, its architecture, operations, content and security, business relations, internet governance and the free flow of information online",<ref name="bbcnews-1"></ref> as well as the U.S. government. The U.S. ambassador to the conference, [[Terry Kramer]], said in a statement that, "The US is concerned that proposals by some other governments could lead to greater regulatory burdens being placed on the international telecom sector, or perhaps even extended to the internet sector... The United States also believes that existing multi-stakeholder institutions, incorporating industry and civil society, have functioned effectively and will continue to ensure the health and growth of the internet and all its benefits."<ref name="bbcnews-2">[ US resists control of internet passing to UN agency], Published 7 August 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2012.</ref>
On the starting date of the December 2nd, 2012 ITU meeting, the US government issued a statement in support of ICANN, signed by [[Larry Strickling|Lawrence E. Strickling]], Administrator of [[NTIA]], Julius Genachowski, Chairman of the [[FCC]], and Phillip L. Verveer, U.S. Coordinator for International Communications and Information Policy of the State Department. They stated: "The Internet’s decentralized, multistakeholder processes enable us all to benefit from the engagement of all interested parties. By encouraging the participation of industry, civil society, technical and academic experts, and governments from around the globe, multistakeholder processes result in broader and more creative problem solving. This is essential when dealing with the Internet, which thrives through the cooperation of many different parties... Our commitment to the multistakeholder model is based on the fact that transparency, inclusion and participation are the 21st century standards governing discussions related to modern communications. This is a view shared by many around the world and was most recently reiterated by a statement of civil society members and groups from around the world who participated in the “Best Bits” pre-Internet Governance Forum (IGF) meeting held earlier this month in Baku, Azerbaijan. The U.S. Government wishes to lend its support to the spirit of the recommendations contained in the statement."<ref>[ On Eve Of Start of The ITU Meeting In Dubai, The US Makes Issues A Statement In Support of ICANN], Published 2 December 2012.</ref>
Proponents may include the Russian government, who stated in a November 17th, 2012 letter that, "Member states shall have equal rights to manage the internet, including in regard to the allotment, assignment and reclamation of internet numbering, naming, addressing and identification resources and to support for the operation and development of basic internet infrastructure."<ref name="bbcnews-1"></ref><ref>[ Russian Federation],</ref>