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International Telecommunication Union

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'''ITU''' is the abbreviation for the '''International Telecommunications Union'''. It is the a leading agency of the United Nations , handling the information and communication technology issues. It is also the most important agency for private sectors and governments all across the world in developing networks and services. Headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, the ITU is dedicated towards to connecting the entire world through the various means of communications. <ref name="link1">[http://www.itu.int/net/about/index.aspx itu.int]</ref>
== History ==
The history of ITU dates back to the nineteenth century. The ITU It was established in the year 1865 and was is one of the oldest international organizations in the entire fraternity of the United Nations (UN). Ever since Since its establishment, the ITU until now has facilitated the information and communications industry in many ways. Right , from the invention of the electric telegraph in the year 1837 , to organizing worldwide and regional exhibitions and forums, the ITU has been involved in to bringing together government representatives from all around the world to share their knowledge, ideas and technology for the benefit of the global community , especially the developing world. <ref name="link1">[http://www.itu.int/net/about/index.aspx itu.int]</ref> <ref>[http://www.itu.int/en/history/overview/Pages/history.aspx itu.int]</ref> <ref>[http://www.itu.int/en/history/overview/Pages/dates.aspx itu.int]History</ref>
== Mission ==
Ensuring the growth of and sustainable development of the information and telecommunications network is the main mission of ITU. It also want to facilitate the supports universal access of to technology to for all people , so that they are able to participate as well as benefit from the evolving information society and global economy. <ref>[http://www.itu.int/net/about/mission.aspx itu.int]Mission</ref>
== Membership ==
The ITU welcomes governments as well as private organizations. The governments can Governments may join the ITU as Member States , whereas the organizations can join the ITU as Sector Members. <ref>[http://www.itu.int/net/about/membership.aspx itu.int]Membership</ref>Currently the ITU has 192 Member States and 535 Sector Members ,<ref>[http://www.itu.int/members/index.html itu.int]</ref>. This really makes making the ITU an ideal a forum wherein the governments and private sector players can come together and discuss policy frameworks as well as set agendas that would have substantial impact on the global business in the future.
== ITU Sectors ==
The ITU comprises of four sectors : Standardization, Radio Communication and , Development , and ITU Telecom. Each of these sectors specializes in policy-related or technical issues in their area of interest. Each sector is led by a director who reports directly reports to the ITU Deputy Secretary General and the Secretary General. <ref name="link4">[http://www.tiaonline.org/gov_affairs/issues/intl_advocacy/itu.cfm tiaonline]</ref>
'''Standardization:''' This sector of the ITU is responsible for the production of sophisticated and globally accepted telecommunication standards and related documents which that are not under the purview of the ITU Radio-communication Sector. <ref name="link4">[http://www.tiaonline.org/gov_affairs/issues/intl_advocacy/itu.cfm tiaonline]</ref>
'''Radio-communication:''' This sector is charged with managing the satellite orbit resources and international radio-frequency spectrum.<ref name="link1">[http://www.itu.int/net/about/index.aspx itu.int]</ref> It also studies and provides necessary recommendations on issues related to radio-communication, ensures effective allocation of band of the radio-frequency system and bands, works towards eliminating the interference between radio stations of different countries , and enhance enhances the use of geostationary satellite orbit. <ref name="link4">[http://www.tiaonline.org/gov_affairs/issues/intl_advocacy/itu.cfm tiaonline]</ref>
'''Development sector:''' This sector sees to it that there is equal, affordable as well as , and sustainable access to information and communication technologies (ICTs).
'''ITU Telecom:''' This sector works towards bringing together the top names among the entire ICT industry. It also brings together the regulators as well as the top-level ministries on one platform such as a major exhibition or other opportunities. <ref name="link4">[http://www.tiaonline.org/gov_affairs/issues/intl_advocacy/itu.cfm tiaonline]</ref>
== Relation with ICANN ==
In the year 2005, the ITU signed a MoU with the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers ([[ICANN). This MoU was signed to supersede ]], which superseded and suspend the suspended an earlier MoU which ICANN had with the U.S. Department of Commerce ([[DOC]]). The main motive behind signing the MoU with ITU was that ICANN wanted to adopt some of the good practices such as charging for access to documents and charging for membership so that they are able to make up for the publication costs, which would ultimately help to ease the budget pressures. <ref>[http://www.icannwatch.org/article.pl?sid=05/04/01/1423239 icannwatch.org]</ref>
== References ==
 
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