.健康

From ICANNWiki
Jump to: navigation, search
Status: Delegated
Language: Chinese (Hans/Simplified)
Translates to: healthy
Manager: Stable Tone Limited
Registry Provider: Neustar
Date Implemented: 02 April 2015
Type: IDN gTLD
Category: Health
PIC Submitted: Yes, Download Here
Priority #: 68

.健康 is an Hans Chinese IDN gTLD, translating to "healthy", delegated in ICANN's New gTLD Program. Stable Tone Limited manages the TLD and is its Registry. The proposed application succeeded and was delegated to the Root Zone on 02 April, 2015.[1] .[2]

.健康 是一个中文国际化通用顶级域名。该域名已被纳入ICANN的新通用顶级域名计划。申请人为Stable Tone Limited 公司。

Objections

The application recieved two GAC Early Warnings, from France and Mali. The warning system is noted as a strong recommendation on behalf of national governments to the ICANN Board that a given TLD application should be denied as it stands. Applicants are encouraged to work with objecting GAC members.[3]

The applications are nearly identical and state that given the difficulty in promoting international public health, with cohesive legitimate programs and policies, this string has the potential to create consumer harm and confusion with regards to a fundamentally important human need. There is not remediation suggested, and the warnings suggest that the applicant withdraw its application.[4]

The applicant subsequently submitted Public Interest Commitments, which generally discuss supporting and working with governments and ICANN to maintain a safe namespace. The applicant says it would not allow registration for sites selling pharmaceutical products or selling products disallowed by the Chinese Food and Drug Administration.[5]

ALAC Objections

In mid-February 2013, it was noted that the ALAC had intentions to file a formal objection against .health by the end of the month, stating that "Objection statements on community grounds will be drafted for the applications for .health given that the four tests for community objection grounds were passed." Their constituents argue that the string is a sensitive topic that should be managed carefully with input and management from international health organizations. They note that none of the applicants are community based, and that all of them represent for-profit ventures.[6]

This Mandarin version of .health (.健康), would be included in the ALAC's objections.[7]

不同声音

该申请早前收到了两个来自政府咨询委员会(GAC)成员:法国和马里的警告。他们认为该域名将给推动国际公共卫生造成困难,并可能给用户造成误解和困扰:用户可能无法通过使用该域名获得他们所需要的跟人最基本需求相关的信息。政府咨询委员会并没有提出补救建议,与之相反,委员会建议申请人撤销申请。

一般会员咨询委员会的异议

2013年2月中期,一般会员咨询委员会(ALAC)有意提交一份反对【.健康】成为顶级域名的意见书。委员会认为,由于该域名涉及敏感话题,因此应由国际卫生组织经过仔细审议后提交并管理。他们还注意到,【.健康】的申请人中没有一人从事过社区工作,且一切围绕该域名的事物都是为盈利服务。

Application Details

Excerpted from applicant response to question # 18 in TLD application:

"Stable Tone Limited is applying to become an ICANN accredited Top Level Domain (TLD) registry for the .健康TLD (.jiankang). The .健康TLD is intended to benefit Chinese-speaking internet users by providing a designated and focused namespace for individuals and entities interested in issues related to healthy lifestyles, products and services. The Chinese letters “健康 “translate to ‘healthy’ in English, and are pronounced roughly “Jian-Kang”. The .jiankang TLD is targeted primarily at potential registrants and Internet users in Mainland China, therefore most of the registrations will be in the Chinese language and Simplified Chinese characters. Stable Tone will allow English language second level registrations, though these are seen to constitute a minority of the domains under management (DUM). Stable Tone will enable registration of secondary level Chinese IDN names in .健康TLD and English language ASCII names, by individuals as well as organizations who would like to provide goods and services as well as information related to healthy lifestyles, products and services. The target market is wellness care, leisure care, fitness and sports, healthy food and drink companies. The channel to market is through a specialized sales team that will work with accredited registrars with specific emphasis on the .jiankang (healthy) themed market.

The concept of healthy lifestyle has been intertwined with Chinese culture for thousands of years. Healthy and wellness practices such as dietary therapy, acupuncture, herbal medicine and teas, exercise such as Tai Chi and Qui Gong, and massage such as Tui Na have been a mainstay of Chinese culture and lifestyle for several thousand years. Even though, with a median age of 35.5, the average Chinese is considered somewhat young, interest in and consistent practice of at least one of these healthy lifestyle concepts is widespread.(Source: http:⁄⁄www.indexmundi.com⁄china⁄median_age.html)

[..]

The registration and use of domains within the .健康TLD (.jiankang) will provide stark differentiation from existing competition because Stable Tone intends to focus on premium domains at premium pricing. This model may provide valuable experience for other existing and future registries in pricing their domains. Either way, the model proposed for .健康TLD (.jiankang) marketing and sales will help fulfill one of ICANN’s purposes for the new gTLD program, namely to bring more innovation and experimentation in the domain industry, towards the goal of serving internet users better.

[..]

Stable Tone does intend to set aside some generic names relevant to healthy lifestyle, products and services market in both Chinese IDN and English (ASCII) second level. However, since the business model for this TLD already calls for secondary names to be sold at a high price, Stable Tone has kept any financial projections related to Premium Names to zero."[8]

申请细节

Stable Tone Limited 公司正向ICANN申请将【.健康】变为顶级域名。该域名旨在为关注健康生活方式,产品和服务的中文互联网用户提供命名空间。【.健康】作为顶级域名主要以中国大陆的互联网用户为市场目标。因此,大部分在其下注册的域名都将是中文,尤其是简体中文。Stable Tone 公司还将开放国际化中文二级域名以及以美国信息交换标准码为标准的英文二级域名。注册的个人或机构用户也将提供与健康生活方式相关的产品和服务。【.健康】的目标市场为健康护理,日常护理,健身运动,以及健康食(饮)品公司。二级域名申请人将通过授权的域名注册商购买与健康主题相关的域名。


注册于【.健康】下的域名将很容易与其他域名区分开来。原因在于,Stable Tone公司意在以高价出售优质域名。这将给现有或将来的注册商在标价方面提供可参考的经验。总的说来,【.健康】这一顶级域名的申请将在市场与销售方面迎合ICANN新通用顶级域名计划中的一项目标:给域名行业带来更多的创新和实践,并更好地为互联网用户服务。

References

“ICANNWiki is not ICANN. ICANNWiki is a separate non-profit organization independent from ICANN. This website is operated by the ICANNWiki organization and any donations made to the ICANNWiki website are for the ICANNWiki organization only.”