.大拿

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Status: Delegated
Language: Chinese (Hans/Simplified)
Translates to: Transliteration of ".net"
Manager: Verisign
Registry Provider: Verisign
Type: IDN gTLD
Category: Technology
Priority #: 16

.大拿 is an IDN gTLD delegated in ICANN's New gTLD Program. Verisign manages the TLD and is its Registry. The proposed application succeeded and was delegated to the Root Zone on 28 July, 2015.[1].[2]

.大拿 是一个国际化通用顶级域名。该域名已被纳入ICANN的新通用顶级域名计划。申请人是Verisign公司。

Background

IDN Transliterations of .com & .net

Verisign's Pat Kane noted in January 2012 that the company was planning on applying for "about 12" new gTLDs, and noted that most of these were going to be IDN transliterations of .com.[3] Expected languages included Japanese, Korean, Chinese, Cyrillic, Arabic, and Hebrew.[4][5]

During its first quarter earnings report, on April 26, 2012, it was confirmed that Verisign would be applying for 14 new gTLDs, 12 of which are foreign language transliterations of .com and .net.

In the end, the languages chosen for transliterations are: Thai, Deva, Korean (Hang), Chinese (Hant/Traditional & Hans/Simplified), Hebrew, Russian, Arabic, Japanese. The two non-IDN applications by the company are for .comsec and .verisign.

In July 2013, Verisign's Pat Kane outlined in an article[6] the company's plans for allowing existing registrants of second-level IDN domain names to secure the matching domain under Verisign's new IDN gTLDs. For example, if you're the registrant of the Hebrew word for "website" that is registered as a second-level domain under .com, you will have the rights to that second-level name under the gTLD "קוֹם." but you will not have the rights under the Hebrew transliteration of ".net" if it existed.[7]

Application

Excerpts from the Response to Question #18 in TLD Application:

"As of this writing, more than 800,000 internationalized second-level domain names are registered in .net, including approximately 90,000 in Han (Simplified). The CHINESE_SIMPLIFIED_TRANSLITERATION_OF_.NET gTLD, along with the other proposed IDN transliterations of .net, provide an immediate benefit to registrants of those names by giving them the opportunity to register IDN second-level domain names as “IDN.IDN” domain names. That is, registrants can use their preferred script in both the second-level domain name and the gTLD name. Doing so improves these domain names’ functionality and accessibility to speakers of non-Latin-based languages.

[..]

The initial target audience for CHINESE_SIMPLIFIED_TRANSLITERATION_OF_.NET is the registrants of the approximately 90,000 IDN second-level addresses in .net. These registrants will have the opportunity to register their IDN.net addresses as IDN.

[..]

The registration policies for CHINESE_SIMPLIFIED_TRANSLITERATION_OF_.NET follow closely the existing IDN registration policies for .net. The Verisign Shared Registration System (SRS) allows the creation of IDNs that contain Unicode supported non-ASCII scripts."[8]

背景资料

.com 和.net 的国际音译域名

Verisign公司的高级副总裁兼命名服务总经理Pat Kane于2012年初时宣布公司将申请“将近12”个音译为.com的国际化新通用顶级域名。这些域名涉及的语言包括日文,韩文,中文,斯拉夫语,阿拉伯语及希伯来语。


2012年4月16日,Verisign公司的第一季度财务报告中确认了公司将申请14个新通用顶级域名,其中12个为.com和.net的音译名。最终确认使用的语言包括泰语,印度语,韩语,简/繁体中文,希伯来语,俄语,阿拉伯语以及日语。另外两个非国际化的顶级域名申请为.comsec及.verisign.

申请细节

在全球80万个.net的二级域名中,有将近9万个是以简体中文注册的。【.大拿】这一通用顶级域名作为.net的中文音译,将与其他语言的.net音译一起,给国际二级域名注册者提供直接有益的机会,让他们得以用英语之外的语言注册域名。具体说来,域名注册人可以选择他们想要使用的通用顶级域名及其下级域名,并以此让非拉丁语系的网络用户更自如地使用网络资源并提高这些域名的可用性。


【.大拿】的最主要目标市场是那将近9万个在.net下注册国际二级域名的用户。他们将有机会在【.大拿】下注册新的国际域名。对音译域名的注册策略将近似于在.net下注册国际域名的要求。Verisign公司的共享注册系统(SRS)允许国际域名使用支持非美国信息交换标准码的外国码(unicode)进行国际域名注册。

References