European Broadcasting Union

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Type: Non-Profit

The European Broadcasting Union, or EBU is a world-wide alliance of public service media organizations. It is consisted of 56 countries in Europe and beyond, with the mission of defending public service media interests. Eurovision, a distributor of sport, news, entertaiment, and cultural content, is also operated by EBU.[1]

Services rendered by EBU and Eurovision include the negotiation of major contracts on behalf of EBU Members like FIFA World Cup and Tour de France, hosting and managing live events, transmitting multimedia across the world, and offering legal advice on key cases involving Members. The organization alsopublishes market data related to PSM funding and media consumption, trains Members in ways to maximize market opportunities, and promotes and lobbies for public service media.[1]


Four companies have applied for the new gTLD .radio: the EBU, BRS Media, Tin Dale LLC, and Afilias.

In July 2012, BRS Media chairman and CEO George Bundy sent a letter to Heather Dryden, head of the Governmental Advisory Committee (GAC). He noted a conflict of interest in EBU's application for .radio, as the organization was at that time requesting to become a member of GAC, and requested that EBU withdraw its application.[2][3] The EBU went on to be accepted into the GAC,[4] and the acceptance notice can be seen here.

EBU published a statement prior to receiving BRS Media's letter that clarified and defended their position, stating, "The EBU represents the interests of the global radio community and can be relied on to provide a secure namespace to facilitate and speed the radio industry's digital, online evolution. Our responsibility is to every member of the radio community – not only the financially able or best equipped and to provide protection against cyber squatting or competing interests, who exploit commercial opportunities... It is not in the public interest to see (dot-radio) managed as a generic TLD by a non-radio stakeholder with commercial interests."[2]

In an August 8th interview with Radio World, Bundy played down EBU's statement by saying that, "There is no advantage the EBU has with regards to 'nonprofit' in running a Top Level Domain. If you look at VeriSign, a publicly trade for-profit corporation, running dot-com and at PIR (Public Interest Registry), a nonprofit corporation that operates dot-org, to the end user there is very little difference... with regards to price, polices and usage."[5]

According to ICANN rules, applicants that can prove a "community" designation -- those who operate its proposed new gTLD for the benefit of a 'clearly designated community' -- will receive "precedence for designation". If EBU can prove to ICANN's new gTLD review panel that it represents an entire community and does not lose the "community" designation due to challenges from other parties, it will be delegated the .radio TLD. Otherwise, .radio will be rewarded to the highest bidder through an auction process.[6]

Internet policy specialist Kathryn Kleiman believes taking into account the future of radio should be important. Her opinion is that, "BRS Media, Afilias and Tin Dale provide a more open platform for a range of new radio services that are developing now and in the future. It is a different version than the EBU application, which will allow registration of domain names to more traditional media, e.g., licensed broadcasters and licensed amateur radio clubs. An open discussion of visions of the future of radio online would be very timely right now."[6]

Critics have cited EBU's own Code of Ethics, which contains a "Conflict of Interest" section, as supporting evidence that EBU should not be given an advantage for .radio.[4] The Code of Ethics can be seen [here].

EBU Members

  • Radiotelevisione Shqiptar RTVSH (Albania)
  • Enterprise Nationale de Radiodiffusion Sonore (Algeria)
  • Entreprise Nationale de Television (Algeria)
  • Télédiffusion d’Algérie TDA (Algeria)
  • Ràdio i Televisió d’Andorra (Andorra)
  • Public Television of Armenia (Armenia)
  • Public Radio of Armenia (Armenia)
  • Österreichischer Rundfunk (Austria)
  • Ictimai (Azerbaijan)
  • Belaruskaja Tele-Radio Campanija (Belarus)
  • Radio-Télévision Belge de la Communaute francaise (Belgium)
  • Vlaamse Radio en Televisieomroep (Belgium)
  • Javna Radio Televizijska servis Bosnie i Hercegovine (Bosnie-Herzegovina)
  • Bâlgarsko Nationalno Radio (Bulgaria)
  • Bâlgarska Nationalna Televiizija (Bulgaria)
  • Hrvatska Radiotelevizija (Croatia)
  • Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation (Cyprus)
  • Cesky Rozhlas (Czech Republic)
  • Ceská Televize (Czech Republic)
  • Danmarks Radio (Denmark)
  • TV2/Danmark (Denmark)
  • Egyptian Radio and Television (Egypt)
  • Eesti Rahvusringhääling (Estonia)
  • MTV Media (Finland)
  • Oy Yleisradio Ab (Finland)
  • MKRTV (Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia)
  • Canal Plus (France)
  • Europe 1 (France)
  • France 2 (France)
  • France 3 (France)
  • France Télévisions (France)
  • Radio France Internationale (France)
  • Radio France (France)
  • Télévision Française 1 (France)
  • Georgian Public Broadcasting (George)
  • ARD (Germany)
  • Bayerischer Rundfunk (Germany)
  • Deutschland Radio (Germany)
  • Hessischer Rundfunk (Germany)
  • Mitteldeutscher Rundfunk (Germany)
  • Norddeutscher Rundfunk (Germany)
  • Radio Bremen (Germany)
  • Rundfunk Berlin-Brandenburg (Germany)
  • Saarländischer Rundfunk (Germany)
  • Südwestrundfunk (Germany)
  • Westdeutscher Rundfunk (Germany)
  • ZDF (Germany)
  • Deutsche Welle (Germany)
  • Elliniki Radiophonia-Tileorassi SA (Greece)
  • Magyar Rádió (Hungary)
  • Magyar Televízió (Hungary)
  • Ríkisútvarpid (Iceland)
  • Radio Telefís Éireann (Ireland)
  • TG4 (Ireland)
  • Israel Broadcasting Authority (Israel)
  • Radiotelevisione Italiana (Italy)
  • Jordan Radio and Television Corporation (Jordan)
  • Latvijas Radio (Latvia)
  • Latvijas Televizija (Latvia)
  • Télé-Liban (Lebanon)
  • Libyan Jamahiriya Broadcasting (Libya)
  • Lietuvos Radijas ir Televizija (Lithuania)
  • Luxembourg - CLT Multi Media (Luxembourg)
  • Établissement de Radiodiffusion Socioculturelle du Grand-Duche de Luxembourg (Luxembourg)
  • Public Broadcasting Services Ltd (Malta)
  • Teleradio-Moldova (Moldova)
  • Radio Monte-Carlo (Monaco)
  • Télé Monte-Carlo (Monaco)
  • Radio i Televizija Crne Gore (Montenegro)
  • Société Nationale de Radio Television (Morocco)
  • Algemene Omroepvereniginiging AVRO (Netherlands)
  • Omroepvereniging BNN (Netherlands)
  • Vereniging De Evangelische Omroep (Netherlands)
  • Katholieke Radio Omroep (Netherlands)
  • Omroep MAX (Netherlands)
  • Nederlandse Christelijke Radio Vereniging (Netherlands)
  • Nederlandse Omroep Stichting (Netherlands)
  • Nederlandse Publieke Omroep (Netherlands)
  • NTR (Netherlands)
  • TROS (Netherlands)
  • Omroepvereniging VARA (Netherlands)
  • Omroepvereniging VPRO (Netherlands)
  • Norsk rikskringkasting (Norway)
  • TV 2 AS (Norway)
  • Polskie Radio SA (Poland)
  • Telewizja Polska SA (Poland)
  • Rádio e Televisão de Portugal (Portugal)
  • Societatea Româna de Radiodifuziune (Romania)
  • Societatea Româna de Televiziune (Romania)
  • Channel One Russia (Russian Federation)
  • Radio Mayak (Russian Federation)
  • Radio Orpheus (Russian Federation)
  • Rossijskoe Teleradio (Russian Federation)
  • Radio Voice of Russia (Russian Federation)
  • San Marino RTV (San Marino)
  • Radiotelevizija Srbije (Serbia)
  • Rozhlas a televízia Slovenska (Slovakia)
  • Radiotelevizija Slovenija (Slovenia)
  • Radio Popular SA COPE (Spain)
  • Radio RNE (Spain)
  • Radiotelevisión Española (Spain)
  • TVE (Spain)
  • cadena ser (Spain)
  • Sveriges Radio Ab (Sweden)
  • Sveriges Television Ab (Sweden)
  • TV4 (Sweden)
  • Swedish Educational Broadcasting Company (Sweden)
  • SRG SSR (Switzerland)
  • Radio tunisienne (Tunisia)
  • Télévision tunisienne (Tunisia)
  • Türkiye Radyo-Televizyon Kurumu (Turkey)
  • Natsionalna Radiokompanya Ukraïny (Ukraine)
  • Natsionalna Telekompanya Ukraïny (Ukraine)
  • British Broadcasting Company (United Kingdom)
  • Channel 4 (United Kingdom)
  • United Kingdom Independent Broadcasting (United Kingdom)
  • Sianel 4 Cymru (United Kingdom)
  • UK SVR (United Kingdom)
  • Radio Vaticana (Vatican State)[7]


  1. 1.0 1.1 About,
  2. 2.0 2.1 The Battle for Dot-Radio: Part I, Published 27 July 2012. Retrieved 30 November 2012.
  3. Radio Applicant Slams GAC Conflict of Interest, Published 11 July 2012.
  4. 4.0 4.1 European Broadcast Union & Governmental Advisory Committee,
  5. Battle for Dot-Radio: Part II, Published 8 August 2012. Retrieved 30 November 2012.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Kleiman: U.S. Radio Should Get Involved in 'Dot-Radio' Discussion, Published 14 November 2012. Retrieved 30 November 2012.
  7. Members,