Michael Froomkin

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Country: USA
Email: froomkin[at]law.miami.edu
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Michael Froomkin is a Professor at the University of Miami School of Law in Coral Gables, Florida. He currently teaches Internet Law, Jurisprudence, Administrative Law and Tort. Previously he has taught Constitutional Law, Trademark, Civil Procedure I, and seminars in Law & Games and E-Commerce.[1]

He is the Founder & Editor in Chief of Jotwell: The Journal of Things We Like (Lots), co-founder and editor of ICANNWatch, and serves on the Editorial Board of iCS Information, Communication & Society and I/S: A Journal of Law and Policy for the Information Society. He is Non-Resident fellow of CDT Center for Democracy & Technology, Yale ISP Yale Law School Information Society Project, an EFF Advisor of Electronic Frontier Foundation and Experts Network, and the Institute for the Study of Information Technology and Society InSITeS . He is also active in several technology related projects in the greater Miami area.

Professor Froomkin writes primarily about internet governance, electronic democracy, and privacy. Other subjects include e-commerce, electronic cash, the regulation of cryptography, and U.S. constitutional law. [2]

Michael Froomkin is married to University of Miami Law Professor Caroline Bradley and they have two children. [3]


According to his CV [4] , Michael Froomkin has an J.D. (Juris Doctor) from Yale Law School, 1987. He also has an M.Phil on History from Cambridge University, England, 1984. He is a graduate of B.A. with summa cum laude from Yale College, New Haven, CT., 1982, double major in Economics and History.


  • John Anson Kitteredge Educational Trust Grantee, 1990.
  • Thirkill Travel Grant, Clare College, 1984.
  • Mellon Fellowship (tuition and all expenses), 1982-84.
  • Phi Beta Kappa, Yale College, 1982.
  • Distinction in History, Yale College, 1982.
  • Presidential Scholar, 1978.

Career History

  • Michael Froomkin is the Laurie Silvers and Mitchell Rubenstein Distinguished Professor of Law at the University of Miami. [5]
  • He served as Tenure & Promotion to Professor in 1998.
  • He worked as an Associate Professor in University of Miami School of Law from 1992 to 1998.
  • From 1989 to 1992 he worked as an Associate of the London office of Wilmer, Cutler & Pickering.
  • Michael Froomkin was admitted to the District of Columbia Bar on Nov. 13, 1989.
  • He served as an Law Clerk to Judge Stephen F. Williams, United States Court of Appeals, D.C. Circuit from 1988 - 1989.
  • He was admitted to the New York Bar on Jan. 26, 1988.
  • Michael Froomkin served as a Law Clerk of Chief Judge John F. Grady in United States District Court, Northern District of Illinois from 1987 to 1988.
  • In 1987 Michael Froomkin worked as the Summer Associate in Shea & Gardner from Washington, D.C.
  • In 1986 he worked as the Summer Associate of Kramer, Levin, Nessen, Kamin & Frankel from N.Y, N.Y.
  • In Summer 1985, Michael Froomkin worked as an Intern in Environmental Defense Fund, Berkeley, CA,


Works listed on his page with the University of Miami:

Forthcoming publications and works in progress

  • The Latest Generation of Personal Health Records (PHRs): Ethical, Legal and Social Issues, __ J Am Medl Informatics Assoc. __ (2009) (with Reid Cushman, Anita Cava, Patricia Abril, & Kenneth W. Goodman) (submitted for peer review)
  • Building the Bottom Up from the Top Down, 5 I/S: A JOURNAL OF LAW AND POLICY FOR THE INFORMATION SOCIETY – (forthcoming 2009)
  • Identity Cards and Identity Romanticism (book chapter) (forthcoming in LESSONS FROM THE IDENTITY TRAIL: ANONYMITY, PRIVACY AND IDENTITY IN A NETWORKED SOCIETY (Ian Kerr, ed., 2009))
  • Anonymity and the Law in the USA (book chapter) (forthcoming in LESSONS FROM THE IDENTITY TRAIL: ANONYMITY, PRIVACY AND IDENTITY IN A NETWORKED SOCIETY (Ian Kerr, ed., 2009))
  • Oops! (Pity You Can't Sue Us): Public Data Breaches in US Law (working title) Winners and Losers: the Internet Changes Everything -or Nothing? The Virtual Law School–A Skeptical View


  • The Uneasy Case for National ID Cards as a Means to Enhance Privacy (book chapter) in SECURING PRIVACY IN THE INTERNET AGE (A. Chander, L. Gelman, M.J. Radin, eds Stanford U.P. 2008.
  • The New Health Information Architecture: Coping with the Privacy Implications of the Personal Health Records Revolution, UM ELSI Group for Project HealthDesign (2008), (available online)
  • On the Future of Internet Governance (transcript of panel discussion), 101 AMERICAN SOCIETY OF INTERNATIONAL LAW, PROCEEDINGS OF THE ANNUAL MEETING (2007), (abstract available online)
  • Creating a Viral Federal Privacy Standard, 8 B.C. L. Rev. 55 (2007). The Plural of Anecdote is "Blog", 84 WASH. U. L. REV. 1149 (2006). A Dispatch From the Crypto Wars (Review of MATT CURTIN, BRUTE FORCE: CRACKING THE
  • International and National Regulation of the Internet (book chapter in THE ROUND TABLE EXPERT GROUP ON TELECOMMUNICATIONS LAWS: CONFERENCE PAPERS (E.J. DOMMERING & N.A.N.M. VAN EIJK (EDS.) (2005)).
  • Virtual Worlds, Real Rules (with Caroline Bradley), 49 N.Y.L.S.L. Rev. 103 (2004)
  • When We Say America™ We Mean It, 41 HOUSTON. L. REV. 839 (2004).
  • Technologies for Democracy (book chapter in THE PROSPECTS FOR ELECTRONIC DEMOCRACY (Peter Shane, ed. 2004))
  • ICANN & Anti-Trust, 2003 ILLINOIS L. REV. 1 (co-authored with Mark Lemley).(available online)
  • ICANN 2.0: Meet the New Boss, 36 LOY. L.A. L. REV. 1087 (2003). online)
  • Habermas@discourse.net: Toward a Critical Theory of Cyberspace, 116 HARV. L. REV. 749 (2003) (available online)
  • Anonymity in the Balance (book chapter in DIGITAL ANONYMITY: TENSIONS AND DIMENSIONS (C. Nicoll, J.E.J. Prins & M.J.M. van Dellen eds. 2003). .pdf)
  • Internet's International Regulation: Emergence and Enforcement, in Évolution des systèmes juridique, bijuridism et commerce international (Louis Perret & Alain-François Bisson, eds.) (Montreal, 2003)
  • Form and Substance in Cyberspace, 6 J. SMALL & EMERGING BUS. L. 93 (2002).online)
  • ICANN’s UDRP: Its Causes and (Partial) Cures, 67 BROOKLYN L. REV. 605 (2002)(available online)
  • Internet Governance: The ICANN Experiment (Or, Three Paradoxes in Search of a Paradigm), in LA LIBERTAD DE INFORMACIÓN: GOBIERNO Y ARQUITECTURA DE INTERNET 12 (ed. Loreto Corredoira y Alfonso) (Madrid, 2001).
  • The Collision of Trademarks, Domain Names, and Due Process in Cyberspace, 44 COMM. ACM 91 (FEB. 2001)
  • Wrong Turn in Cyberspace: Using ICANN to Route Around the APA and the Constitution, 50 DUKE L.J. 17 (2000).(available online)
  • Speculative Microeconomics for Tomorrow’s Economy (with James Bradford De Long) (book chapter) INTERNET PUBLISHING AND BEYOND: THE ECONOMICS OF DIGITAL INFORMATION AND INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY 6 (Brian Kahin &Hal Varian, eds., 2000).articles/spec.htm (available online)
  • Semi-Private International Rulemaking: Lessons Learned from the WIPO Domain Name Process, book chapter in CHRISTOPHER T. MARSDEN (ED), REGULATING THE GLOBAL INFORMATION SOCIETY 211 (Routledge 2000).(view .pdf)
  • Beating Microsoft at its Own Game (with J. Bradford DeLong), HARV. BUS. REV. 159 (Jan-Feb. 2000) (Review of CHARLES FERGUSON, HIGH STAKES, NO PRISONERS (1999)). The Constitution and Encryption Regulation: Do We Need a “New Privacy”?, 3 N.Y.U. J. LEGIS & PUB. POL. 25 (1999-2000). Of Governments and Governance, 14 BERKELEY LAW & TECHNOLOGY JOURNAL 617 (1999) (available online) Legal Issues in Anonymity and Pseudonymity, AAAS SYMPOSIUM VOLUME, 15 THE INFORMATION SOCIETY 113 (1999).
  • A Commentary on WIPO's The Management of Internet Names And Addresses: Intellectual Property Issues. (available online )]
  • 2B as Legal Software for Electronic Contracting --Operating System or Trojan Horse?, 13 BERKELEY L. & TECHNOLOGY JOURNAL 1023 (1999).[(available online)
  • Comment, The Empire Strikes Back, 73 Chi-Kent L. Rev. 1101 (1998)
  • Firme digitali e Autorità di Certificazione: La garanzie di validità degli atti elettronici, 23 INGENIUM (Italy) 12 (March, 1998) (tr. Giovanni Nasi)
  • Digital Signatures Today in FINANCIAL CRYPTOGRAPHY 287 (Rafael Hirschfeld ed., 1997) (Springer Lecture Notes in Computer Science vol. 1318).(available online)
  • The Internet as a Source of Regulatory Arbitrage (book chapter) in BORDERS IN CYBERSPACE (Brian Kahin and Charles Nesson, eds.) (MIT Press, 1997)(available online)
  • It Came From Planet Clipper, 1996 U. CHI. L. FORUM 15 (The Law of Cyberspace symposium volume).(available online)
  • Flood Control on the Information Ocean: Living With Anonymity, Digital Cash, and Distributed Databases, 15 U. PITT. J. L. & COM. 395 (1996) (Conference for the Second Century of the University of Pittsburgh School of Law Symposium volume).(available online)
  • The Essential Role of Trusted Third Parties in Electronic Commerce, 75 ORE. L. REV. 49 (1996) (The Law and Entrepreneurship Program: Innovation and the Information Environment, Symposium Volume).(available online ) Reprinted in READINGS IN ELECTRONIC COMMERCE 119 (Ravi Kalakota & Andrew B. Whinston, eds. 1997).
  • Anonymity and Its Enmities, 1 JOURNAL OF ONLINE LAW art. 4 (1995)online)
  • The Metaphor is the Key: Cryptography, the Clipper Chip and the Constitution, 143 U. Penn. L. Rev. 709 (1995)).(available online)
  • The Constitutionality of Mandatory Key Escrow--A First Look in BUILDING IN BIG BROTHER: THE CRYPTOGRAPHIC POLICY DEBATE 413 (Lance Hoffman, ed. 1995).
  • The Imperial Presidency's New Vestments, 88 NW. L. REV. 1346 (1994).
  • Still Naked After All These Words, 88 NW. L. REV. 1420 (1994).
  • Politiké Finance V ÈSFR (with Steve Gordon), 12 PRÁVNÍK 1079 (1990).
  • Climbing the Most Dangerous Branch: Legisprudence and the New Legal Process, 66
  • TEX. L. REV. 1071 (1988) (book review). Note, In Defense of Administrative Agency Autonomy, 96 YALE L.J. 787 (1987).