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Status: Delegated
Registry Provider: Demand Media
Registry: Donuts
Registry Backend: Rightside
Type: Generic
Category: Education
PIC Submitted: Download Here
Priority #: 387 - Donuts (Little Station, LLC)
Registrations: 6,001
Parked Domains: 4,005
Parked Domain %: 66.74 %
Important Dates
Delegation: 11 April 2014
General Availability: 30 July 2014

More Information: NTLDStatsLogo.png

.university is a proposed TLD in ICANN's New gTLD Program. The applicant is Donuts (Little Station, LLC).[1] The proposed application succeeded and was delegated to the Root Zone on 11 April 2014.[2]

The application was issued a GAC Early Warning from the representative of Australia and GAC Chair, Heather Dryden. The warning system is noted as a strong recommendation on behalf of national governments to the ICANN Board that a given TLD application should be denied as it stands. Applicants are encouraged to work with objecting GAC members.[3] The warning states that the TLD refers to a regulated market but that the applicant has not provided for adequate measures to protect from consumer harm.[4]

Application Details

The following is excerpted from the applicant's response to question #18:

"ABOUT DONUTS Donuts Inc. is the parent applicant for this and multiple other TLDs. The company intends to increase competition and consumer choice at the top level. It will operate these carefully selected TLDs safely and securely in a shared resources business model. To achieve its objectives, Donuts has recruited seasoned executive management with proven track records of excellence in the industry. In addition to this business and operational experience, the Donuts team also has contributed broadly to industry policymaking and regulation, successfully launched TLDs, built industry-leading companies from the ground up, and brought innovation, value and choice to the domain name marketplace.

THE .UNIVERSITY TLD This TLD is attractive and useful to end-users as it better facilitates search, self-expression, information sharing and the provision of legitimate goods and services. Along with the other TLDs in the Donuts family, this TLD will provide Internet users with opportunities for online identities and expression that do not currently exist. In doing so, the TLD will introduce significant consumer choice and competition to the Internet namespace – the very purpose of ICANN’s new TLD program.

This TLD is a generic term and its second level names will be attractive to a variety of Internet users. Making this TLD available to a broad audience of registrants is consistent with the competition goals of the New TLD expansion program, and consistent with ICANN’s objective of maximizing Internet participation. Donuts believes in an open Internet and, accordingly, we will encourage inclusiveness in the registration policies for this TLD. In order to avoid harm to legitimate registrants, Donuts will not artificially deny access, on the basis of identity alone (without legal cause), to a TLD that represents a generic form of activity and expression.

The .UNIVERSITY TLD will be attractive to registrants with connections to institutions of higher education and research. This is a broad and diverse worldwide group includes post-secondary institutions, their faculties, students, staff, and others associated with the work or research of universities. Further, the term can and does apply to other organizations, departments of businesses, and others not traditionally associated with degree-granting universities (example: contractors.university) but nonetheless are devoted to training and education. This TLD would be operated in a legitimate and secure manner, and in the best interest of a wide variety of registrants.

DONUTS’ APPROACH TO PROTECTIONS No entity, or group of entities, has exclusive rights to own or register second level names in this TLD. There are superior ways to minimize the potential abuse of second level names, and in this application Donuts will describe and commit to an extensive array of protections against abuse, including protections against the abuse of trademark rights.

We recognize some applicants seek to address harms by constraining access to the registration of second level names. However, we believe attempts to limit abuse by limiting registrant eligibility is unnecessarily restrictive and harms users by denying access to many legitimate registrants. Restrictions on second level domain eligibility would prevent law-abiding individuals and organizations from participating in a space to which they are legitimately connected, and would inhibit the sort of positive innovation we intend to see in this TLD. As detailed throughout this application, we have struck the correct balance between consumer and business safety, and open access to second level names.

By applying our array of protection mechanisms, Donuts will make this TLD a place for Internet users that is far safer than existing TLDs. Donuts will strive to operate this TLD with fewer incidences of fraud and abuse than occur in incumbent TLDs. In addition, Donuts commits to work toward a downward trend in such incidents.

OUR PROTECTIONS Donuts has consulted with and evaluated the ideas of international law enforcement, consumer privacy advocacy organizations, intellectual property interests and other Internet industry groups to create a set of protections that far exceed those in existing TLDs, and bring to the Internet namespace nearly two dozen new rights and protection mechanisms to raise user safety and protection to a new level."[5]

Contract Signed

On 06 March 2014, Donuts received a Registry Agreement signed by ICANN for .university after passing all the required processes needed to become a Registry Operator for the string.[6]

Delegation and Availability

.university was delegated to the Root Zone of the DNS on 11 April, 2014, completing the successful application for the string.[2]