Registry Agreement

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The Registry Agreement (RA) is a generic formal document constructed by ICANN, it's Councils and Boards, and the community at large. It was written in order to formalize a relationship between the designated Registry of the TLD and ICANN. The document sets the rights, obligations, and other terms of agreement that the would-be Registry must submit to in order to become a Registry Operator.[1]

History

First Registry Agreement

The first ever Registry Agreement was signed between ICANN and Network Solutions (later bought by Verisign) on November 10th, 1999 for the gTLDs .com, .net, and .org.[2]

New gTLD Program

The first Registry Agreements to be signed for TLDs from ICANN's new expansion program were unveiled and signed at ICANN 47 in Durban. All 4 agreements were signed for IDNs. They were:

Controversy

There has been some controversy regarding ICANN's right to unilaterally amend the RA and other agreements. On February 5th, 2013, ICANN published a new version of the RA with language that gave the organization unilateral right to amend the contract between them and Registries. A public comment period that followed the February version saw 30 comments that opposed the "right to amend" language.[4]

Resources


Chinese version of this page/本页中文版

注册局协议

注册局协议(RA)是由ICANN、ICANN委员会和董事会、以及广大社区创建的一种通用正式文件。它的存在是为了将顶级域的指定注册局ICANN之间的关系正式化。文件规定了候选注册局 为了成为注册局运营商必须服从的权利、义务和其他协议条款。[5]

历史

首份注册局协议

首份注册局协议由ICANNNetwork Solutions(后由威瑞信收购)在1999年11月10日针对通用顶级域 .com.net、 和.org签署。[6]

新通用顶级域项目

The first Registry Agreements to be signed for TLDs from ICANN's new expansion program were unveiled and signed at ICANN 47 in Durban. All 4 agreements were signed for IDNs. They were: 首份将签署的有关ICANN顶级域新扩展项目的注册局协议被公布于众,并且于ICANN第 47届会议 在德班举行期间签署完成。4份协议全部与 国际化域名有关。它们是:

争议

对于ICANN单方面修改’’’’注册局协议(RA)’’’和其他协议的权利一直存在一些争议。2013年2月5日,ICANN 发布了新版’’’注册局协议(RA)’’’,其中含有赋予组织单方面权利修改他们与注册局 之间合同的内容。在二月版本发布后的公众评论期间,共出现了30条反对“修改权利”的评论内容。[8]

资源

  • 采用当前注册局协议的顶级域清单:使用注册局协议的顶级域[1]
  • 下载发布的注册局协议 :
注册局协议


Chinese translation of this page provided thanks to TLD Registry Ltd.

References

  1. Registry Agreement, New gTLDs, ICANN.org Retrieved 10 Sept 2013
  2. Registry Agreement Nov 1999, ICANN.org Retrieved 10 Oct 2013
  3. Announcement 15 July 2013, ICANN.org Retrieved 10 Oct 2013
  4. The Unilateral Right to Amend, Internet Governance.orgPublished 5 Sept 2013, Retrieved 10 Sept 2013
  5. Registry Agreement, New gTLDs, ICANN.org Retrieved 10 Sept 2013
  6. Registry Agreement Nov 1999, ICANN.org Retrieved 10 Oct 2013
  7. Announcement 15 July 2013, ICANN.org Retrieved 10 Oct 2013
  8. The Unilateral Right to Amend, Internet Governance.orgPublished 5 Sept 2013, Retrieved 10 Sept 2013