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The '''Internet Assigned Numbers Authority'''( a subsidiary of ICANN) is the entity that manages the allocation of global [[IP Address]]es, [[Root Zone|root zone]] management related to [[DNS]] (Domain Name System) and other Internet Protocols ([[IP]]).  
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The '''Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA)''' is a department of ICANN that is responsible for maintaining the registries of the Internet's unique identifiers, which include [[domain name|domain names]], Protocol Parameters, and Internet numbers ([[IP Address|IP Addresses]] and [[Autonomous System Numbers]]).
    
IANA distributes blocks of [[IP]] addresses to the five (5) Regional Internet Registries ([[RIR]]s).  
 
IANA distributes blocks of [[IP]] addresses to the five (5) Regional Internet Registries ([[RIR]]s).  
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* '''[[ICANN]]''', based on the Memorandum of Understanding ([[MoU]]), is the institution which runs IANA.  
 
* '''[[ICANN]]''', based on the Memorandum of Understanding ([[MoU]]), is the institution which runs IANA.  
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==IANA objectives==
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==IANA Functions==
 
* Besides managing the [[DNS]] root zone, IANA also manages the .int registry, and the [[.arpa]] zone;
 
* Besides managing the [[DNS]] root zone, IANA also manages the .int registry, and the [[.arpa]] zone;
 
* Regarding number resources, IANA is entitled to coordinate the global IP respectively AS number space, allocating these to [[RIR]]s (Regional Internet Registries);
 
* Regarding number resources, IANA is entitled to coordinate the global IP respectively AS number space, allocating these to [[RIR]]s (Regional Internet Registries);
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==IANA Contract==
 
==IANA Contract==
Originally, the IANA functions were managed by the Information Sciences Institute (ISI) at the University of Southern California ([[USC]]) through the leadership of Dr. [[Jon Postel]] under a contract with the [[DARPA|Defense Advance Research Project Agency]] (DARPA).<ref>
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Originally, the IANA functions were managed by the [[University of Southern California – Information Sciences Institute]] through the leadership of Dr. [[Jon Postel]] under a contract with the [[DARPA|Defense Advance Research Project Agency]] (DARPA).<ref>
 
[http://www.ntia.doc.gov/federal-register-notice/1998/improvement-technical-management-internet-names-and-addresses-proposed- Improvement of Technical Management of Internet Names and Addresses; Proposed Rule]</ref>
 
[http://www.ntia.doc.gov/federal-register-notice/1998/improvement-technical-management-internet-names-and-addresses-proposed- Improvement of Technical Management of Internet Names and Addresses; Proposed Rule]</ref>
    
In 1997, the United States government under Pres. Bill Clinton's administration, approved the transition of the technical management of the [[DNS|Domain Name System]] (DNS), including the IANA functions, to the private sector. On January 30, 1998, the [[DOC|Department of Commerce]] (DOC) released the [[Green Paper]] recommending the establishment of a new, private, non-profit organization to take over the management of the DNS. The global internet stakeholders shared their comments and recommendations regarding the  Green Paper, which were compiled and studied by the NTIA. In  June 1998, NTIA published the [[White Paper]], which contains the policy statement of the U.S. government regarding  the transition process for the technical management of the DNS to a new corporation to be created based on the principles of stability, competition, private bottom-up coordination, and representation.<ref>[http://www.ntia.doc.gov/federal-register-notice/1998/statement-policy-management-internet-names-and-addresses Statement of Policy on the Management of Internet Names and Addresses]</ref>
 
In 1997, the United States government under Pres. Bill Clinton's administration, approved the transition of the technical management of the [[DNS|Domain Name System]] (DNS), including the IANA functions, to the private sector. On January 30, 1998, the [[DOC|Department of Commerce]] (DOC) released the [[Green Paper]] recommending the establishment of a new, private, non-profit organization to take over the management of the DNS. The global internet stakeholders shared their comments and recommendations regarding the  Green Paper, which were compiled and studied by the NTIA. In  June 1998, NTIA published the [[White Paper]], which contains the policy statement of the U.S. government regarding  the transition process for the technical management of the DNS to a new corporation to be created based on the principles of stability, competition, private bottom-up coordination, and representation.<ref>[http://www.ntia.doc.gov/federal-register-notice/1998/statement-policy-management-internet-names-and-addresses Statement of Policy on the Management of Internet Names and Addresses]</ref>
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On November 25, 1998, the Department of Commerce formally recognized [[ICANN]] as the new organization responsible for administering the DNS through a Memorandum of Understanding signed by both parties.<ref>[http://www.ntia.doc.gov/report/2000/second-status-report-department-commerce-icann Second Status Report Under ICANN/US Government Memorandum of Understanding]</ref>
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On November 25, 1998, the Department of Commerce formally recognized [[ICANN]] as the new organization responsible for administering the DNS through a Memorandum of Understanding signed by both parties.<ref>[http://www.ntia.doc.gov/report/2000/second-status-report-department-commerce-icann Second Status Report Under ICANN/US Government Memorandum of Understanding]</ref> This came about as a result of the infamous "[http://www.iafrikan.com/2015/06/14/brief-history-of-the-internet-dns-wars-icann-iana-nita-itu-in-igf/ DNS Wars]".
    
The Department of Commerce  awarded a contract to ICANN to manage the IANA functions on February 9, 2000.<ref>[http://www.ntia.doc.gov/files/ntia/publications/ianacontract.pdf IANA Contract, February 9, 2000]</ref> The agreement was renewed several times in 2001,<ref>[http://www.ntia.doc.gov/files/ntia/publications/sb1335-01-w-0650.pdf IANA Contract 2001]</ref> 2003, <ref>
 
The Department of Commerce  awarded a contract to ICANN to manage the IANA functions on February 9, 2000.<ref>[http://www.ntia.doc.gov/files/ntia/publications/ianacontract.pdf IANA Contract, February 9, 2000]</ref> The agreement was renewed several times in 2001,<ref>[http://www.ntia.doc.gov/files/ntia/publications/sb1335-01-w-0650.pdf IANA Contract 2001]</ref> 2003, <ref>
 
[http://www.ntia.doc.gov/files/ntia/publications/ianaorder_03142003.pdfand IANA Contract 2003]</ref> and 2006 <ref>[http://www.ntia.doc.gov/files/ntia/publications/ianacontract_081406.pdf IANA Contract 2006]</ref>. The contract in 2006 was modified several times. The latest modification extended ICANN's contract until September 30, 2012.<ref>[http://www.ntia.doc.gov/files/ntia/publications/sa1301-06-cn-0048_mod_0010_executed.pdf Modification 10-Extension of IANA Contract]</ref>
 
[http://www.ntia.doc.gov/files/ntia/publications/ianaorder_03142003.pdfand IANA Contract 2003]</ref> and 2006 <ref>[http://www.ntia.doc.gov/files/ntia/publications/ianacontract_081406.pdf IANA Contract 2006]</ref>. The contract in 2006 was modified several times. The latest modification extended ICANN's contract until September 30, 2012.<ref>[http://www.ntia.doc.gov/files/ntia/publications/sa1301-06-cn-0048_mod_0010_executed.pdf Modification 10-Extension of IANA Contract]</ref>
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With the expiration of the <strong>Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA)</strong> Functions contract, a new phase of the status of ICANN was initiated by the National Telecommunication and information Administration’s (NTIA’s) announcement in March 2014.
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This phase (the IANA stewardship transition) was expected to complete by 30th September 2015.
    
===DOC Notice of Inquiry on IANA Functions===
 
===DOC Notice of Inquiry on IANA Functions===
Bureaucrats, Check users, lookupuser, Administrators, translator
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