Generic Names Supporting Organization
The Generic Names Supporting Organization (GNSO) brings together smaller stakeholder groups, which in turn bring together constituencies and other groups, together into one Supporting Organization to develop policies, form consensus, and make recommendations related to gTLDs to the ICANN Board. This body was previously known as the Domain Name Supporting Organization (DNSO), which it replaced in 2003.
- 1 Overview
- 2 GNSO Council
- 3 GNSO Development Process
- 4 Implementation of URS
- 5 ICANN Supporting Organizations
- 6 References
The main objective of the GNSO is to keep gTLDs operating in a fair and orderly manner across the Internet, while promoting innovation and competition. Some examples of the types of issues that the GNSO face are:
- During the registration of a domain name, what type of services must the registrar provide?
- If the registrant forgets to renew the domain name, and lets it to expires, how can the domain name be recovered?
- What happens if someone registers a domain name that is very similar to another domain name?
Four Stakeholder Groups appoint 18 individuals to the GNSO council. Two appointments are also made by the ICANN's Nominating Committee. Certain Stakeholder groups, like the commercial one, also delegate appointments to their constituencies.
- Non-Commercial Users Stakeholder Group, 6 appointments
- Commercial Stakeholder Group, 6 total appointments coming from constituencies
- Commercial and Business Users Constituency, 2 appointments
- Intellectual Property Interests Constituency, 2 appointments
- Internet Service and Connection Providers Constituency, 2 appointments
- Registrar Stakeholder Group, 3 appointments
- Registry Stakeholder Group, 3 appointments
GNSO CouncilStakeholder Groups and Constituencies involved in ICANN's multi-stakeholder model. James Bladel is its current chair.
- James Bladel - GNSO Council Chair, North America (Term ends at AGM 2017)
- Erika Mann - NCA, Europe (Term ends at AGM 2018)
- Ben Fuller - ccNSO Liaison, Africa - Non-Voting, Non-Member
- Donna Austin - Vice-Chair, Asia-Pacific (Term ends at AGM 2018)
- Hsu Phen Valerie Tan - Voting NCA, Asia-Pacific (Term ends at AGM 2017)
- Keith Drazek - North America (Term ends at AGM 2018)
- Rubens Kuhl - Latin America/Caribbean (Term ends at AGM 2017)
- Donna Austin - Vice-Chair, Asia Pacific (Term ends at AGM 2018)
- James Bladel - GNSO Council Chair, North America (Term ends at AGM 2017
- Darcy Southwell - North America (Term ends at AGM 2017)
- Michele Neylon - Europe (Term ends at AGM 2017)
- Heather Forrest - Vice-Chair, Asia Pacific (Term ends at AGM 2018)
- Johan Helsingius - Voting NCA, Europe (Term ends at AGM 2017)
Commercial and Business Users - Business Constituency
- Philip Corwin - North America (Term ends Annual Meeting 2017)
- Susan Kawaguchi - North America (Term ends at Annual Meeting 2018)
- Paul McGrady - North America (Term ends at Annual Meeting 2017)
- Heather Forrest - Vice-Chair, Asia Pacific (Term ends at Annual Meeting 2018)
- Wolf-Ulrich Knoben - Europe (Term ends at Annual Meeting 2018)
- Tony Harris - Latin America/Caribbean (Term ends at Annual Meeting 2017)
- Rafik Dammak- Asia-Pacific (Term ends at Annual Meeting 2018)
- Stephanie Perrin - North America (Term ends at Annual Meeting 2018)
- Stefania Milan - Europe (Term ends at Annual Meeting 2017)
- Edward Morris - Europe (Term ends at Annual Meeting 2018)
- Martin Silva Valent - Africa (Term ends at Annual Meeting 2017)
- Marilia Maciel - Latin American/Carribean (Term ends at Annual Meeting 2017)
GNSO Development Process
The GNSO is the primary engine within the ICANN community for developing, recommending changes, and making modifications to generic top-level domain policies. The GNSO aims to identify ways to improve the inclusiveness and representativeness of its work while increasing its effectiveness and efficiency.
An important GNSO improvement was the development of recommendations for the new GNSO policy development process. The ICANN Board launched a set of recommendations for improving the effectiveness of the GNSO in June, 2008. These recommendations were related to GNSO activities, operations and structure.
The main areas of GNSO improvements which were approved by the Board, and are being implemented by the GNSO, are classified into five main categories:
- The creation of a Working Group Model
- Revising the PDP (Policy Development process)
- The restructuring of GNSO Council
- Communication improvement and a better coordination between ICANN structures
- Improving constituency procedures 
Implementation of URS
In September 2012, ICANN senior executive Kurt Pritz sent a public email to GNSO Council Chairman Stephane Van Gelder advising him that URS implementation could begin after a year of delay. Implementing URS included a pair of open meetings in Fall 2012, including one at ICANN 45 in Toronto. ICANN acknowledged the role played by the GNSO Council in developing and approving the model and said they were willing to "work in whichever way the GNSO wishes to proceed".
ICANN Supporting Organizations
- Address Supporting Organization (ASO)
- Country Code Domain Name Supporting Organization (ccNSO)
- At-Large Advisory Committee (ALAC)
- Governmental Advisory Committee (GAC)
- GNSO Council, ICANN.org Retrieved 19 April 2017
- GNSO improvements
- URS Implementation Finally to Commence Under GNSO Direction. Internet Commerce Association. Published 2012 September 20.
- ICANN supporting organizations