Matthias Markus Hudobnik

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Matthias M. Hudobnik.jpg
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Affiliation: NextGen@ICANN
ICANN Fellow
Region: Europe
Country: Austria


LinkedIn: LinkedInIcon.png   Matthias Markus Hudobnik
Twitter: TwitterIcon.png   @mhudobnik

ICANNLogo.png Has attended 10+
ICANN Meetings

ICANNLogo.png Currently a member

ICANNLogo.png Currently a member

Matthias Markus Hudobnik is an Austrian legal expert and engineer, thus a so-called »legal engineer«. In 2002, as a teenager, he registered his first domain name and started coding websites. Since then he has been passionate about the development of the Internet.

From August 2018 until December 2019, he was EURALO’s Co-Chair of the ALAC Sub-Committee on Outreach & Engagement.[1]

Hudobnik is a strong supporter of the NextGen@ICANN Program and regularly presents to them at ICANN meetings in the context of engagement opportunities within ICANN.

He organized and moderated the first next-generation roundtable titled "The Future of ICANN's Mandate and the Development of the DNS: Voices of the Next Generationǃ"[2] at an ICANN meeting. This At-Large policy session explored the future of the Internet from an ICANN policy and technical perspective. The panel comprised former NextGen@ICANN participants, ICANN Fellows, and At-Large Summit III participants who currently work with ICANN community groups. During this ICANN 70 session, the panelists discussed the following questionsː

  • Should ICANN’s mandate be adapted in terms of future developments in cyberspace?
  • How might the DNS be changed to tackle future cybersecurity concerns?
  • How can transparency and openness of PDPs within ICANN be ensured and all interested stakeholders be picked up inclusively?[3]

From November 2019 until October 2023, Hudobnik served as the youngest and the first Austrian member of the At-Large Advisory Committee, representing Internet end-users from Europe.[4][5][6]

In September 2023, Hudobnik became the youngest member ever accepted to join the Security and Stability Advisory Committee[7][8] and started his term to serve as ALAC Liaison to the SSAC.[9] He is also a member of the EURALO Board.[10]

Career History

Hudobnik's professional experience ranges from Kazakhstan to Poland, Germany, Belgium, Austria, and the Netherlands in the fields of law and technology (e.g. Europol, cyber security consultancy, international law firms, universities, judiciary, Austrian Cyber Security Center, Austrian Embassy - Commercial Section - Office Almaty, automotive industry, and the Office of the Provincial Government).

ICANN and Internet Governance Participations

Hudobnik's ICANN and Internet Governance engagement activities started in March 2017.

ICANN involvement

Dialogue on Internet Governance

  • In June 2017, Hudobnik was selected as CROPP to attend the EuroDIG 2017 in Tallinn.[29]
  • In December 2017, he got the opportunity as part of EURALO to attend the IGF 2017 in Geneva.
  • In June 2018, Hudobnik was selected as a Fellow to participate in the EuroDIG 2018 in Tbilisi.
  • In May 2019, he was selected to represent EURALO as ICANN funded candidate to attend SeeDIG in Bucharest.[30]
  • In June 2019, Hudobnik was selected as a Fellow to participate in the EuroDIG 2019 in The Hague and helped to organize a session about the GDPR Implementation.[31]
  • In November 2019, he was selected to represent the At-Large Community (e.g. EURALO) as CROPP funded candidate to attend the IGF in Berlin. He was booth leader and in charge of the whole organization of the respective outreach and engagement activities.
  • In June 2020, Hudobnik participated in the first virtual EuroDIG 2020 to represent EURALO.
  • In June 2021, he participated as European member of the At-Large Advisory Committee in the second virtual EuroDIG 2021.
  • In December 2021, Hudobnik spoke as a member of the At-Large Advisory Committee in the IGF 2021 WS #13 Digital transformation challenges in developing countries, representing the Civil Society, Western European and Others Group in Katowice.[32][33]

RIPE meetings

IETF meetings

Domain pulse


  • In May 2018, Hudobnik was selected to represent EURALO as CROPP funded candidate to attend re:publica in Berlin focusing on outreach and engagement of individual Internet users, who are interested in shaping the future of the Internet.[29]

Summer School on Internet Governance


Hudobnik has completed the College of Electronics Specializing in Technical Computer Science - Informatics and Internet Engineering. His project team developed a mobile fitness and body monitoring device named Ironm@Z funded by the provincial government.

He holds a Magister Juris from the University of Graz with a diploma thesis topic related to Domain Privacy.

Since the beginning of his law studies, Hudobnik has focused on the areas of Cyber Law, Cyber Security, Internet Governance, Privacy, Legal Tech, and Intellectual Property. He participated in an Erasmus exchange at the Tilburg Law School, specializing in International Law and taking part in the Tilburg Model United Nations.

Diploma Thesis

The title of the diploma thesis is The Future of WHOIS - An analysis of the Policy Development Process under the GDPR with a focus on the litigation ICANN v. EPAG[50]. Hudobnik analyzes, how access to crucial information and protected data in the WHOIS can be ensured specifically, whether the collection and storage of personal data of the Admin-C and Tech-C are lawful, as well as whether the processing purposes are sufficiently specified under the GDPR. The modification of the WHOIS databases has significant practical implications since the GDPR came into force, as well as the Expedited Policy Development Process on the Temporary Specification for gTLD Registration Data (EPDP), which has potentially been influenced by the litigation ICANN v. EPAG. The diploma thesis concludes that there is a definite need for further modifications of other relevant policy agreements within the domain name registration process. The year 2019 will show whether Phase 2 of the EPDP on the Temp Spec finalizes in time, and delivers a holistic solution for compliance with the GDPR that is respected by the wide range of stakeholder groups involved.[51]

In June 2019, Hudobnik presented the paper WHOIS and the GDPR - A (never) ending story in cyberspace?,[52] at the 34th International Conference on ICT Systems Security and Privacy Protection (IFIP SEC 2019) at the Lisbon School of Economics & Management.[53]

Interdisciplinary Programs and Training

Hudobnik completed several training courses and summer schools in the fields of Cyber Law, Intellectual Property, Cyber Security, Internet Governance, Privacy and Legal Tech all over the globe (e.g. LSE, HSE, IPR Center University Helsinki, HSD, NCIA, NATO, Europol, Tallinn University of Technology, University of Adelaide, University of Aarhus, Karlstad University, European University Viadrina, Legal Tech Center, ISEG, ERA - Academy of European Law, EIPA - European Institute of Public Administration, Tilburg University).

Moreover, he was part of the UN-Shadowing Program at the IAEA, the 23rd Willem C. Vis International Commercial Arbitration Moot Court,[54] and accomplished the Diploma course of the Global Advancement Programme[55] organized by the United Nations Youth and Student Association of Austria - Academic Forum for Foreign Affairs.[56]

Professional Certifications

Hudobnik is a Fellow of Information Privacy (FIP)[57], a Certified Information Privacy Professional/Europe (CIPP/E)[58], a Certified Information Privacy Technologist (CIPT)[59], and an IBITGQ - ISO 27001 Certified ISMS Lead Auditor (CIS LA)[60]. He also passed EIPA's Data Protection Certification Course (DPO)[61], and several Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA 1/2/3/4)[62] courses.


Hudobnik regularly speaks at ICANN meetings and has published articles related to Cyberlaw, Cyber Security, Privacy, and Legaltech.


  • Article, Is network communitarianism a better regulatory model than cyberpaternalism? GAP-Journal 2015/16[63]
  • Diploma Thesis, The Future of WHOIS - An analysis of the Policy Development Process under the GDPR with a focus on the litigation ICANN v. EPAG, University of Graz[50]
  • Article, The Stopp Corona app - Austria as a forerunner in the development of contact tracing apps, COVID-19 Global Insights Ebook[64]
  • Article, Data protection and the law enforcement directive: a procrustean bed across Europe? ERA Forum 21[65]
  • Article, PRIVACY ASSESSMENT: Messenger Services - A comparison of Signal, iMessage, Telegram, WhatsApp, Clubhouse, and Facebook Messenger,[66]


  • Presentation, Regulation of the Digital Environment, University of Graz, NextGen@ICANN 58 program[67]
  • Poster Presentation, Space Law: Austrian Pioneers in Space - Österreich und seine Bedeutung für die Raumfahrt, Symposium: Trends and Challenges of Satellite-Based Earth Observation for Economics and Society, University of Graz[68]
  • Paper Presentation, Regulation in cyberspace? VI International Summer School on Cyber Law, National Research University Higher School of Economics[69]
  • Paper Presentation, Is network communitarianism a better regulatory model than cyberpaternalism? 12th International IFIP Summer School on Privacy and Identity Management, Karlstad University, Joint Research Centre of the European Commission[70]
  • Paper Presentation, WHOIS and the GDPR - A (never) ending story in cyberspace? 34th IFIP SEC 2019, Lisbon School of Economics & Management[53]
  • Presentation, Internet Governance Next Generation, ALAC EURALO, Domain pulse 2020[47]
  • Presentation, The At-Large Community and DNS Abuse: An Individual User Education Campaign[71], ALAC EURALO, ICANN 69 meeting[20]
  • Presentation, Current legislative processes and their impact onto ICANN's DNS Abuse policies - what to expect[72], ALAC EURALO, ICANN 69 meeting[21]
  • Presentation, Super-democratic or a hidden autocracy: ICANN’s role in the multi-stakeholder system between power and myth, Lectureː Conflicts in Cyberspace - Law, Politics, Technology, University of Jena[73]
  • Presentation, Actors and Layers of the Internet: ICANN‘s crucial role in the Internet governance ecosystem, Courseː International Law and the Internet, University of Graz[74]
  • Presentation, The future of ICANN‘s mandate and the development of the DNS: Voices of the Next Generation![2], ALAC EURALO, ICANN 70 meeting[3]
  • Presentation, ICANN 70 Readout - Highlights & Take-Aways from the Virtual Community Forum, ALAC EURALO, eco - Association of the Internet Industry & ICANN[75]
  • Presentation, Behind the name - ICANN & Internet governance, CiTiP KU Leuven[76]
  • Presentation, Plenary Session: Impact of Regulatory Developments on ICANN Policy Topics, ALAC EURALO, ICANN 71 meeting[22]
  • Presentation, Domains, WHOIS, and the GDPR - An unsolvable complexity?, Austrian Young Privacy Professionals Take the Stage, Virtual Austria KnowledgeNet: 29 June 2021[77]
  • Presentation, ICANN 72 Readout - Highlights & Take-Aways from the Virtual 23rd Annual General Meeting, ALAC EURALO, eco - Association of the Internet Industry & ICANN[78]
  • Presentation, Cyber Security & Data Security, order organisation
  • Presentation, GDPR: Overview & Use Cases, Courseː Applied Data Protection - GDPR & IT Security Measures, St. Poelten University of Applied Sciences[79]
  • Presentation, Law and Xː #2: Make the Internet more democratic as a Legal Engineer, Courseː Law Beyond Studies, University of Innsbruck[80]
  • Presentation, WS #13 Digital transformation challenges in developing countries, ALAC EURALO, Civil Society, Western European and Others Group, IGF 2021[33]
  • Presentation, ICANN 74 Readout - Highlights & Take-Aways from the Hybrid Policy Forum, ALAC EURALO, eco - Association of the Internet Industry & ICANN[81]
  • Presentation, Data Protection & AI - Hunting bad guys with good data, International Cyber Security Summer School 2022, Europol[82]
  • Presentation, Europol's AI & Data Protection Strategy, EU Law Enforcement DPO Meeting, 9th EDEN Conference on Data Protection in Law Enforcement, Europol, ERA[83]
  • Presentation, ICANN 75 Readout - Highlights & Take-Aways from the 24rd Annual General Meeting, ALAC EURALO, eco - Association of the Internet Industry & ICANN[84]
  • Presentation, Data Protection and Artificial Intelligence at Europol, Leiden University, Europol[85]
  • Presentation, Raising Awareness on Privacy and Data Protection Issues in Cyberspace, Workshopː Sixth European Youth Day at the Safer Internet Day, Europol[86]
  • Presentation, My story as NextGen alumnus within ICANN, Webinarː NextGen ICANN 77[87]
  • Presentation, The Role of Artificial Intelligence and Data Protection at Europol, International Cyber Security Summer School 2023, Europol[82]
  • Panel Moderation, AI and the Thin Blue Line, 11th EDEN Conference on Data Protection in Law Enforcement, Europol, Guardia Civil, National Police, ERA[88]
  • Presentation, ICANN 78 Readout - Highlights & Take-Aways from the 25th Annual General Meeting, ALAC EURALO, eco - Association of the Internet Industry & ICANN[89]

Newspaper Articles

  • Newspaper Article, Kuehnsdorfer schnuppert in fremder Wirtschaft - Matthias Hudobnik macht ein Volontariat in der Außenwirtschaft in Kasachstan,[90]
  • Interview, Matthias M. Hudobnik über die ungewöhnliche Teilnahme eines Juristen - Hackathons für Juristen…im Ernst?, TalentRocket
  • Interview, Bettina Gegenbauer und Matthias M. Hudobnik - It’s #NextGeneration, Future-Law
  • Interview, Matthias M. Hudobnik - Die neue Generation der Internet Governance: Eine Brücke zwischen Technik und Recht,[91]
  • Article, Internet Governance - Vom NextGen@ICANN Programm zu ICANN’s At-Large Advisory Committee!, TalentRocket[92]


  • Talk, Stopp Corona App: An Open Door For Surveillance Of My Personal Data?, #EDENTalks[93]
  • Talk, Next Generation within Internet Governanceː Why are you curious about the development of the Internet?[94]


  • New Lawyers #10 mit Matthias Hudobnik, Was ist Internet Governance?, TalentRocket[95][96][97]


Internet Governance


  • Erasmus Scholarship, Tilburg University, 2014
  • Scholarship, IPR Center University Helsinki, 2016
  • Scholarship, HSE, 2016
  • Scholarship, University of Graz, 2014, 2015, twice 2016, 2019


  • 2nd place, Blockchain in Mobility Hackathon, 2019
  • 2nd place, Berlin Legal Tech Hackathon, 2019


  • Fellow of Information Privacy, IAPP, 2021

Fun Facts

Hudobnik is a sports enthusiast, finisher of several marathons, triathlon, and (Half)Ironman races as well as loves to participate in hackathons.[98]

He is interested in emojis and was the first Austrian student member of the Unicode Consortium.[99]

ICANN78 Playing Card Illustration


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